You’re about to turn right. What should you do just before you turn?

A: Give the correct signal B: Take a lifesaver glance over your shoulder C: Select the correct gear D: Get in position ready for the turn View Hint When you’re turning right, plan your approach to the junction. Signal and select the correct gear in good time. Just before you turn, take a lifesaver glance...

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What is the ‘lifesaver’ when riding a motorcycle?

A: A certificate every motorcyclist must have B: A final rearward glance before changing direction C: A part of the motorcycle tool kit D: A mirror fitted to check blind spots View Hint This action makes you aware of what’s happening behind and alongside you. The lifesaver glance should be timed so that you still...

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You see road signs showing a sharp bend ahead. What should you do?

A: Continue at the same speed B: Slow down as you go around the bend C: Slow down as you come out of the bend D: Slow down before the bend View Hint Always look for any advance warning of hazards, such as road signs and hazard warning lines. Use this information to plan ahead...

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You’re riding at night and are dazzled by the headlights of an oncoming car. What should you do?

A: Slow down or stop B: Close your eyes C: Flash your headlights D: Turn your head away View Hint If you’re dazzled by the headlights of an approaching vehicle, slow down or stop until your eyes have adjusted. A dirty or scratched visor could make the dazzle worse and further impair your vision. Next...

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When riding, your shoulders can obstruct the view in your mirrors. How can you overcome this?

A: Indicate earlier than normal B: Fit smaller mirrors C: Extend the mirror arms D: Brake earlier than normal View Hint It’s essential that you have a clear view all around. Adjust your mirrors to give you the best view of the road behind. If your body obscures the view, try fitting mirrors with longer...

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You’re riding at night. You have your headlights on main beam. Another vehicle is overtaking you. When should you dip your headlights?

A: When the other vehicle signals to overtake B: As soon as the other vehicle moves out to overtake C: As soon as the other vehicle passes you D: After the other vehicle pulls in front of you View Hint At night, you should dip your headlights to avoid dazzling oncoming drivers or those ahead...

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You become cold when riding your motorcycle. How will this affect you?

A: You will be more alert B: You will be more relaxed C: You will react more quickly D: You will lose concentration View Hint Before you move off from the side of the road, you should take a final look over your shoulder to check your blind spot. This will help you to see...

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When may motorcyclists use a mobile phone?

A: When they are carrying a pillion passenger B: When they are parked in a safe place C: When they are riding an automatic motorcycle D: When they are riding on quiet roads View Hint It’s important that you’re in full control at all times. Even using a hands-free phone kit can distract your attention...

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How should you move off safely from a parked position?

A: Signal if other drivers will need to slow down B: Leave your motorcycle on its stand until the road is clear C: Give an arm signal as well as using your indicators D: Look over your shoulder for a final check View Hint Before you move off from the side of the road, you...

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You’re riding at night and are dazzled by the lights of an approaching vehicle. What should you do?

A: Switch off your headlights B: Switch to main beam C: Slow down and stop if necessary D: Flash your headlights View Hint If your view of the road ahead is restricted because you’re being dazzled by approaching headlights, slow down and, if you need to, pull over and stop. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You should always check your blind spots before doing what?

A: Moving off B: Slowing down C: Changing gear D: Giving a signal View Hint Your blind spots are the areas behind and to either side of you that aren’t covered by your mirrors. You should always check the relevant side when there’s a risk of a hazard that isn’t visible in your mirrors. Next...

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Blind spots should be checked before you do what?

A: Give a signal B: Apply the brakes C: Change direction D: Give an arm signal View Hint The areas that aren’t covered by your mirrors are called blind spots. They should always be checked before changing direction. This check is so important that it’s called the ‘lifesaver’. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When should you check the blind spots?

A: Before changing gear B: Before giving signals C: Before slowing down D: Before changing lanes View Hint The areas that aren’t covered by your mirrors are called blind spots. Other vehicles may be hidden in these areas. Before changing lanes, you should make sure it’s safe by checking the blind spot on the side...

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Why can it be helpful to have mirrors fitted on each side of your motorcycle?

A: To judge the gap when filtering in traffic B: To give protection when riding in poor weather C: To make your motorcycle appear larger to other drivers D: To give you the best view of the road behind View Hint When riding on the road, you need to know as much about the following...

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What does the term ‘lifesaver’ mean?

A: A final rearward glance B: An approved safety helmet C: A reflective jacket D: The two-second rule View Hint There are areas behind and to either side of you that aren’t visible in your mirrors. These are known as blind spots. Just before turning or changing direction, you should look around to check that...

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You’re about to emerge from a junction. Your pillion passenger tells you it’s clear. When should you rely on their judgement?

A: Never; you should always look for yourself B: When the roads are very busy C: When the roads are very quiet D: Only when they're a qualified rider View Hint Your passenger may be inexperienced in judging traffic situations, may have a poor view or may not have seen a potential hazard. You’re responsible...

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What must you do before stopping normally?

A: Put both feet down B: Select first gear C: Use your mirrors D: Move into neutral View Hint Check your mirrors before slowing down or stopping, as there could be vehicles close behind you. If necessary, turn and look behind before stopping. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why should you check over your shoulder before you change lanes in busy, moving traffic?

A: To avoid having to give a signal B: Mirrors do not cover blind spots C: So traffic ahead will make room for you D: So your balance won’t be affected View Hint Before changing lanes, make sure there’s a safe gap to move into. Looking over your shoulder allows you to check the area...

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You’ve been waiting for some time to make a right turn into a side road. What should you do just before you make the turn?

A: Move close to the kerb B: Select a higher gear C: Make a lifesaver check D: Wave to the oncoming traffic View Hint Remember your lifesaver glance before you start to turn. If you’ve been waiting for some time and a queue has built up behind you, a vehicle further back may try to...

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You’re turning right onto a dual carriageway. What should you do before emerging?

A: Stop, and then select a very low gear B: Position in the left gutter of the side road C: Check the width of the central reservation D: Check that there's enough room for vehicles behind you View Hint Before emerging right onto a dual carriageway, make sure that the central reservation is wide enough...

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What should you do when riding a motorcycle you’ve never ridden before?

A: Ask someone to ride with you for the first time B: Just ride, as all the controls and switches are the same C: Leave your gloves behind, so the switches can be operated more easily D: Make sure you know where all the controls and switches are View Hint While control layouts are generally...

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You’re turning right at a large roundabout. What should you do before you cross a lane to reach your exit?

A: Take a lifesaver glance over your right shoulder B: Put on your right indicator C: Take a lifesaver glance over your left shoulder D: Cancel the left indicator View Hint On busy roundabouts, traffic may be moving very quickly and changing lanes suddenly. You need to be aware of what’s happening all around you....

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You’re positioned to turn right on a multi-lane roundabout. What should you do before moving to a lane on your left?

A: Take a lifesaver glance over your right shoulder B: Cancel the left signal C: Signal to the right D: Take a lifesaver glance over your left shoulder View Hint Before you change lane you need to know whether it’s safe to do so. A lifesaver glance in the direction you want to move will...

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You’re turning right on a multi-lane roundabout. When should you take a lifesaver glance over your left shoulder?

A: After moving into the left-hand lane B: After leaving the roundabout C: Before signalling to the right D: Before moving into the left-hand lane View Hint The ‘lifesaver’ is essential to motorcyclists and does exactly what it says: it could save your life. Its purpose is to check the blind spot that isn’t covered...

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You see an incident on the other side of the motorway. What should you do?

A: Leave the motorway at the next exit B: Stop and cross the carriageway to help C: Concentrate on what is happening ahead D: Place a warning triangle in the road View Hint Always concentrate on the road ahead. Try not to be distracted by an incident on the other side of the road. Many...

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You’re riding towards a zebra crossing. Pedestrians are waiting to cross. What should you do?

A: Give way to the elderly and infirm only B: Slow down and prepare to stop C: Use your headlights to signal them to cross D: Wave at them to cross the road View Hint As you approach a zebra crossing, look out for people waiting to cross and be ready to stop. Some pedestrians...

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You’re following a large vehicle travelling at 40 mph. Where should you position your motorcycle?

A: Close behind the vehicle, to make it easier to overtake B: To the left of the road, to make it easier to be seen C: Close to the vehicle, to keep out of the wind D: Well back, so that you can see past the vehicle View Hint You need to be able to...

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You’re approaching two riders on horseback. What should you do?

A: Continue at your normal speed B: Change down the gears quickly C: Slow down and be ready to stop D: Flash your headlights to warn them View Hint Animals are easily frightened by moving motor vehicles. If you’re approaching horses, keep your speed down and watch to see if the rider has any difficulty...

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You’re approaching a red light at a puffin crossing. Pedestrians are on the crossing. When will your red light change?

A: When you start to edge forward onto the crossing B: When the pedestrians have reached a safe position C: When the pedestrians are clear of the front of your motorcycle D: When a driver from the opposite direction reaches the crossing View Hint An electronic device will automatically detect when the pedestrians have reached...

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You’re riding a motorcycle that has an engine of less than 50 cc. What should you do if you see a queue of traffic building up behind?

A: Keep well out to stop vehicles overtaking dangerously B: Wave vehicles behind you to pass if you think they can overtake C: Pull in when you can to let faster vehicles behind you overtake D: Give a left signal when it's safe for vehicles to overtake you View Hint Try not to hold up...

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When you’re riding a motorcycle, what should your normal road position allow?

A: Other vehicles will be able to pass easily on your left B: You’ll keep within half a metre (1 foot 8 inches) of the kerb C: Faster traffic will be able to overtake you easily D: Drivers at junctions ahead will be able to see you approaching View Hint Aim to ride in the...

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Why are young motorcyclists more likely to be involved in crashes?

A: Because they're too cautious at junctions B: Because they ride in the middle of lanes C: Because they are inexperienced D: Because they ride in groups View Hint Overconfidence, lack of experience ,and poor judgment can cause a motorcyclist to make poor decisions, which can lead to a collision. It’s just as important to...

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What could happen if you ride your motorcycle when it has a very loose drive chain?

A: The front wheel could wobble B: The ignition could cut out C: The brakes could fail D: The rear wheel could lock View Hint Drive chains are subject to wear and need frequent adjustment to maintain the correct tension. Allowing the drive chain to run dry will greatly increase the rate of wear, so...

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What’s the most important reason why you should keep your motorcycle regularly maintained?

A: To accelerate faster than other traffic B: So the motorcycle can carry panniers C: To keep the machine roadworthy D: So the motorcycle can carry a passenger View Hint Whenever you use any motorcycle on the road, it must be in a roadworthy condition. Regular maintenance should identify any faults at an early stage...

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How should you ride a motorcycle when new tyres have just been fitted?

A: Carefully, until the shiny surface is worn off B: By braking hard, especially into bends C: Normally, but with higher tyre pressures D: By riding at faster-than-normal speeds View Hint New tyres have a shiny finish, which needs to wear off before the tyre will give the best grip. Take extra care if the...

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What will be the effect of wearing brightly coloured clothing while you’re riding?

A: You will dazzle other road users B: You will be seen more easily by other road users C: You will distract other road users D: You will be able to ride on unlit roads at night with sidelights View Hint For your own safety, you need other road users to see you easily. Wearing...

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What should you do when you’re riding a motorcycle in very hot weather?

A: Ride with your visor fully open B: Continue to wear protective clothing C: Wear trainers instead of boots D: Slacken your helmet strap View Hint Always wear your protective clothing, whatever the weather. In very hot weather it’s tempting to ride in light summer clothes, but it isn’t worth the risk. If you fall...

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Why should you wear fluorescent clothing when riding in daylight?

A: It reduces wind resistance B: It prevents injury if you come off the machine C: It helps other road users to see you D: It keeps you cool in hot weather View Hint Motorcycles are smaller and therefore harder to see than most other vehicles on the road. You need to make yourself as...

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Why should riders wear reflective clothing?

A: To protect them from the cold B: To protect them from direct sunlight C: To be seen better in daylight D: To be seen better at night View Hint Fluorescent clothing will help others to see you during the day. At night, however, you should wear clothing that reflects the light. This allows other...

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Which fairing would give you the best weather protection?

A: Handlebar B: Sports C: Touring D: Windscreen View Hint Fairings give protection to the hands, legs and feet. They also make riding more comfortable by keeping you out of the wind. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do if your visor becomes badly scratched?

A: Polish it with a fine abrasive B: Replace it C: Wash it in soapy water D: Clean it with petrol View Hint Your visor protects your eyes from wind, rain, insects, and road dirt. It’s important to keep it clean and in good repair. A badly scratched visor can obscure your view and cause...

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What can you wear to make it easier for other road users to see you?

A: Black leathers B: Tinted visor C: White helmet D: Grey helmet View Hint Many incidents and collisions involving motorcyclists occur because other road users don’t see them. Be aware that you’re vulnerable and make yourself as visible as possible by wearing fluorescent clothing and a light or brightly coloured helmet. Next Theory Test Question...

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What should you do if the oil-pressure warning light comes on while you’re riding?

A: Go to a dealer for an oil change B: Go to the nearest garage to ask their advice C: Ride slowly for a few miles to see if the light goes out D: Stop as soon as possible and try to find the cause View Hint If the oil-pressure warning light comes on when...

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What must you check on both the front and rear motorcycle tyres?

A: That they’re the same tread pattern B: That they’re correctly inflated C: That they’re the same size D: That they’re the same make View Hint Your safety and that of others depend on the condition of your tires. Before every trip, make sure they * are correctly inflated * have at least the minimum...

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What could happen if you ride your motorcycle with a slack or worn drive chain?

A: The engine could misfire B: The tyres could wear more quickly C: The engine could produce more emissions D: The rear wheel could lock View Hint Check your drive chain regularly; adjust and lubricate it if necessary. It needs to be adjusted until the ‘free play’ is as it says in the vehicle handbook....

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When riding your motorcycle, a tyre bursts. What should you do?

A: Slow gently to a stop B: Brake firmly to a stop C: Change to a high gear D: Lower the side stand View Hint If a tyre bursts, close the throttle smoothly and slow gently to a stop, holding the handlebars firmly to help you keep a straight course. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What will be the effect of having your motorcycle engine properly maintained?

A: It will use much more fuel B: It will have lower exhaust emissions C: It will increase your insurance premiums D: It will reduce your journey times View Hint A badly maintained engine will emit more exhaust fumes than one that’s correctly serviced. This is damaging to the environment. The engine will also use...

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What should you clean visors and goggles with?

A: Petrol B: White spirit C: Anti-freeze D: Soapy water View Hint It’s very important to keep your visor or goggles clean. Clean them using warm soapy water. Don’t use solvents or petrol. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re riding on a quiet road. Your visor fogs up. What should you do?

A: Continue at a reduced speed B: Stop as soon as possible and wipe it C: Build up speed to increase the air flow D: Close the helmet air vents View Hint In cold and wet weather, your visor may fog up. If this happens when you’re riding, choose somewhere safe to stop, and wipe...

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You’re riding in hot weather. What’s the safest type of footwear?

A: Sandals B: Trainers C: Shoes D: Boots View Hint It’s important to wear good boots when you ride a motorcycle. Boots protect your feet and shins from knocks, and give some protection in a crash. They also help keep you warm and dry in cold or wet weather. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Which method of fastening your helmet is unsafe?

A: Double D-ring fastening B: Velcro tab C: Quick-release fastening D: Bar and buckle View Hint Some helmet straps have a Velcro tab in addition to the main fastening, which is intended to secure the strap so that it doesn’t flap in the wind. It shouldn’t be used on its own to fasten the helmet....

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Your motorcycle has a catalytic converter. What does this reduce?

A: Exhaust noise B: Fuel consumption C: Exhaust emissions D: Engine noise View Hint Catalytic converters reduce the toxic and polluting gases given out by the engine. Never use leaded or lead-replacement petrol in a motorcycle with a catalytic converter; even one tankful can permanently damage the system. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you check after refitting your rear wheel?

A: Your steering damper B: Your side stand C: Your wheel alignment D: Your suspension preload View Hint After refitting the rear wheel or adjusting the drive chain, you should check your wheel alignment. Incorrect alignment will result in excessive tyre wear and poor roadholding. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re checking your direction indicators. How many times per second must they flash?

A: Between 1 and 2 times B: Between 3 and 4 times C: Between 5 and 6 times D: Between 7 and 8 times View Hint You should check that all your lights work properly before every journey. If you aren’t sure whether your signals can be seen, you can use arm signals as well...

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What should you check after adjusting the final drive chain?

A: The rear wheel alignment B: The suspension adjustment C: The rear shock absorber D: The front suspension forks View Hint Always check the rear wheel alignment after adjusting the final drive chain. Marks on the chain adjuster may be provided to make this easy. Incorrect alignment can cause instability and increased tyre wear. Next...

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Your steering feels wobbly. Which of these is a likely cause?

A: Tyre pressure is too high B: Incorrectly adjusted brakes C: Worn steering-head bearings D: A broken clutch cable View Hint Worn bearings in the steering head can make your motorcycle very difficult to control. They should be checked for wear or correct adjustment and replaced if necessary. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You have a faulty oil seal on a shock absorber. Why is this a serious problem?

A: It will cause excessive chain wear B: The motorcycle will be difficult to control C: Your motorcycle will be harder to ride uphill D: Your motorcycle won't accelerate so quickly View Hint As well as making your motorcycle difficult to control, the leaking oil could find its way onto your tyres and brakes. This...

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Oil is leaking from your forks. Why shouldn’t you ride a motorcycle in this condition?

A: Your suspension will be ineffective B: Your steering is likely to seize up C: The forks will quickly begin to rust D: The motorcycle will become too noisy View Hint If an oil seal on your forks or shock absorbers fails, fork oil will leak out, making the suspension ineffective and the motorcycle difficult...

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You’ve adjusted your drive chain. If this isn’t done properly, what problem could it cause?

A: Inaccurate speedometer reading B: Loss of braking power C: Incorrect rear wheel alignment D: Excessive fuel consumption View Hint After carrying out drive-chain adjustment, you should always check the rear wheel alignment. Many motorcycles have alignment guides stamped onto the frame to help you do this correctly. Next Theory Test Question -->

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There’s a cut in the sidewall of one of your tyres. What should you do about this?

A: Replace the tire before riding the motorcycle B: Check regularly to see if it gets any worse C: Repair the cut before riding the motorcycle D: Reduce the tyre pressure before you ride View Hint A cut in the sidewall can be very dangerous. The tyre is in danger of blowing out if you...

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You need to put air into your tires. How would you find out the correct pressure to use?

A: It will be shown on the tire wall B: It will be stamped on the wheel C: By checking the vehicle handbook D: By checking the registration document View Hint Tire pressures should be checked regularly. Look in your vehicle handbook for the correct pressures to use. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What can you do to prevent a cable-operated clutch from becoming stiff?

A: Keep the cable tight B: Keep the cable dry C: Keep the cable slack D: Keep the cable oiled View Hint Keeping the clutch cable oiled will help it to move smoothly through its outer casing. This will extend the life of the cable and help prevent the clutch’s operation from becoming stiff. Next...

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What can incorrect wheel alignment cause?

A: A serious loss of power B: Reduced braking performance C: Increased tire wear D: Reduced ground clearance View Hint If a motorcycle’s wheels are incorrectly aligned, tires may wear unevenly and the motorcycle can become unstable, especially when cornering. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why should you wear specialist motorcycle clothing when riding?

A: Because the law requires you to do so B: Because it looks better than ordinary clothing C: Because it gives the best protection from the weather D: Because it will reduce your insurance premium View Hint If you become cold and wet when riding, this can have a serious effect on your concentration and...

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What should you do when leaving your motorcycle parked?

A: Remove the battery lead B: Pull it onto the kerb C: Use the steering lock D: Leave the parking lights on View Hint You should always use the steering lock when leaving your motorcycle. Also consider using additional locking devices, such as a U-lock, disc lock or chain. If possible, fasten the motorcycle to...

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You’re parking your motorcycle. How can you reduce the chances of it being stolen?

A: Park in a space marked for motorcycles only B: Chain it to an immovable object C: Switch off the engine cut-out switch D: Leave it on its side stand View Hint Theft of motorcycles is a very common crime. If you can, secure your vehicle to a lamppost or other such object, to help...

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You’re parking your motorcycle and sidecar on a hill. What’s the best way to stop it rolling away?

A: Leave it in neutral B: Put the rear wheel on the pavement C: Leave it in a low gear D: Park very close to another vehicle View Hint To make sure a sidecar outfit doesn’t roll away after you’ve parked it, you should leave it in a low gear and wedge it against the...

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When would you use the engine cut-out switch?

A: To reduce speed in an emergency B: To prevent the motorcycle being stolen C: To stop the engine normally D: To stop the engine in an emergency View Hint If you’re involved in a collision, using the engine cut-out switch will help to reduce the risk of fire. When stopping the engine normally, use...

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What should you do when you ride along a road where there are road humps?

A: Maintain a reduced speed throughout B: Accelerate quickly between each one C: Always keep to the maximum legal speedy D: Ride slowly at school times only View Hint The humps are there to reduce the speed of the traffic. Don’t accelerate harshly between them, as you’ll then have to brake sharply to negotiate the...

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When should you especially check the engine oil level?

A: Before a long journey B: When the engine is hot C: Early in the morning D: Every 6000 miles View Hint As well as the oil, you’ll need to check other items. These include fuel, water and tires. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You service your own motorcycle. How should you get rid of the old engine oil?

A: Take it to a local-authority site B: Pour it down a drain C: Tip it into a hole in the ground D: Put it into your dustbin View Hint Never pour the oil down any drain. The oil is highly polluting and could harm wildlife. Put it in a container and dispose of it...

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What safeguard could you take against fire risk to your motorcycle?

A: Keep water levels above maximum B: Check out any strong smell of petrol C: Avoid riding with a full tank of petrol D: Use unleaded petrol View Hint The fuel in your motorcycle can be a dangerous fire hazard. Don’t use a naked flame if you can smell fuel, and don’t smoke when refuelling....

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What would make you more visible in daylight?

A: Wearing a black helmet B: Wearing a brightly colored helmet C: Switching off your headlights D: Wearing a dark jacket View Hint Wearing bright or fluorescent clothes will help other road users to see you. Wearing a light or brightly coloured helmet can also make you more visible. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When is it illegal to ride with a helmet on?

A: When the helmet is not fastened correctly B: When the helmet is more than four years old C: When you've borrowed someone else’s helmet D: When the helmet doesn't have chin protection View Hint A helmet that’s incorrectly fastened or not fastened at all is likely to come off in a crash and will...

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When should you increase the tyre pressures on your motorcycle?

A: When riding in hot weather B: After a long journey C: When carrying a heavy load D: When riding in wet weather View Hint The vehicle handbook will explain when it’s recommended that you increase tyre pressures – for example, when you’re carrying extra weight from a passenger or a heavy load. Next Theory...

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Which of these items must be kept clean?

A: Number plate B: Wheels C: Engine D: Fairing View Hint Maintenance is a vital part of road safety. Lights, indicators, reflectors and number plates must be kept clean and clear. Next Theory Test Question -->

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For what purpose should you use the engine cut-out switch on your motorcycle?

A: To save wear and tear on the battery B: To stop the engine for a short time C: To stop the engine in an emergency D: To save wear and tear on the ignition View Hint Only use the engine cut-out switch in an emergency. When stopping the engine normally, use the ignition switch....

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What should you check after you’ve adjusted the tension on your drive chain?

A: Rear wheel alignment B: Tire pressures C: Valve clearances D: Sidelights View Hint Drive chains wear and need frequent adjustment and lubrication. If the drive chain is worn or slack, it can jump off the sprocket and lock the rear wheel. When you’ve adjusted the chain tension, you need to check the rear wheel...

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A friend offers you a second-hand safety helmet for you to use. Why may this be a bad idea?

A: It may be damaged B: You'll be breaking the law C: You'll affect your insurance cover D: It may be a full-face type View Hint A second-hand helmet may look in good condition but it could have received damage that isn’t visible externally. A damaged helmet could be unreliable in a crash. Don’t take...

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You’re riding a motorcycle with an engine larger than 50 cc. What would make a tyre illegal?

A: Tread less than 1.6 mm deep B: Tread less than 2 mm deep C: A large bulge in the sidewall D: A stone wedged in the tread View Hint When checking tyres, make sure there are no bulges or cuts in the sidewalls. Keeping your tyres correctly inflated and in good condition is a...

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How should you maintain cable-operated brakes?

A: By removing all free play at the lever or pedal B: By checking them at normal operating temperature C: By always fitting new ones for the MOT D: By lubricating and adjusting them regularly View Hint Cables will stretch with use and need checking and adjusting regularly. They also need lubricating to prevent friction...

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What benefit will you see if you have your motorcycle serviced regularly?

A: Lower insurance premiums B: A refund on your vehicle tax C: Increased exhaust emissions D: Better fuel economy View Hint Your motorcycle will run much better and its fuel consumption will be lower if you have it serviced regularly. Check at what intervals you should have your motorcycle serviced – this can vary by...

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What could a loose drive chain cause?

A: A locked rear wheel B: Wobbly wheels C: A braking fault D: Headlight misalignment View Hint A motorcycle chain will stretch as it wears. It may need frequent checking and adjustment to keep the tension correct. In extreme cases, a loose chain can jump off the sprocket and become wedged in the rear wheel....

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Your motorcycle isn’t fitted with daytime running lights. When must you use dipped headlights during the day?

A: On country roads B: In poor visibility C: On narrow streets D: When parking View Hint It’s important that other road users can see you clearly at all times. It will help other road users to see you if you use dipped headlights during the day. You must use dipped headlights during the day...

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When should you consider increasing your tyre pressures?

A: When riding on a wet road B: When carrying a pillion passenger C: When travelling on an uneven surface D: When riding on twisty roads View Hint Sometimes, manufacturers advise you to increase your tyre pressures for high-speed riding and when carrying extra weight, such as a pillion passenger. This information can be found...

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You have too much oil in your engine. What could this cause?

A: Low oil pressure B: Engine overheating C: Chain wear D: Oil leaks View Hint Too much oil in the engine will create excess crankcase pressure. This could damage engine seals and cause oil leaks. Any excess oil should be drained off. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re leaving your motorcycle unattended on a road. When may you leave the engine running?

A: When parking for less than five minutes B: If the battery is flat C: When in a 20 mph zone D: Not on any occasion View Hint When you leave your motorcycle parked and unattended on a road, switch off the engine, use the steering lock and remove the ignition key. Also, take any...

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You’re involved in a crash. What should you do to reduce the risk of fire?

A: Keep the engine running B: Open the choke C: Turn the fuel tap to reserve D: Use the engine cut-out switch View Hint The engine cut-out switch is used to stop the engine in an emergency. In the event of a crash, this may help to reduce any fire risk. Next Theory Test Question...

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What should you do when riding at night?

A: Give arm signals B: Wear reflective clothing C: Wear a tinted visor D: Ride in the centre of the road View Hint At night, you should wear clothing with reflective material, to help other road users to see you. If your jacket doesn’t have reflective patches, you could wear garments that do, such as...

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How can you plan your route before starting a long journey?

A: Check your vehicle handbook B: Ask your local garage C: Use a route planner on the internet D: Consult a travel agent View Hint Various route planners are available on the internet. Most of them give you several options, allowing you to choose between the most direct route and quieter roads. They may also...

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When will your overall stopping distance be longer?

A: When you're riding at night B: When you're riding in fog C: When you are riding with a passenger D: When you're riding up a hill View Hint When you’re carrying a passenger on a motorcycle, the overall weight will be much more than when you’re riding alone. This additional weight will make it...

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What’s the safest way to stop on a wet road?

A: Change gear without braking B: Use the back brake only C: Use the front brake only D: Use both brakes View Hint Motorcyclists need to take extra care when stopping on wet road surfaces. Plan well ahead so that you’re able to brake in a good time. For maximum stability, you should use both...

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You’re riding in heavy rain. Your rear wheel skids as you accelerate. What must you do to regain control?

A: Change down to a lower gear B: Ease off the throttle C: Brake to reduce speed D: Put your feet down View Hint If you feel your back wheel beginning to skid as you accelerate, ease off the throttle. This will give your rear tyre the chance to grip the road and stop the...

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Before starting a journey in the snow, what should you do?

A: Consider whether your journey is essential B: Try to avoid taking a passenger C: Plan a route avoiding towns D: Have a hot drink and a meal View Hint Don’t ride in snowy or icy conditions unless your journey is essential. If you must go out, try to keep to main roads, which are...

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Why should you ride with dipped headlights on in the daytime?

A: They help other road users to see you B: They mean that you can ride faster C: Other vehicles will get out of the way D: So that they’re already on when it gets dark View Hint Make yourself as visible as possible, from the side as well as from the front and rear....

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When are motorcyclists allowed to use high-intensity rear fog lights?

A: When a pillion passenger is being carried B: When they ride a large touring machine C: When visibility is 100 metres (328 feet) or less D: When they're riding on the road for the first time View Hint If your motorcycle is fitted with high-intensity rear fog lights, you must only use them when...

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When must you use your headlights?

A: When riding in a group B: When visibility is poor C: When carrying a passenger D: When parked on an unlit road View Hint Your headlights help you to see in the dark, and help other road users to see you. Use your headlights whenever visibility is poor. Using them at other times may...

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You’re riding in town at night. The roads are wet after rain. How will the reflections from wet surfaces affect you?

A: They’ll make it easier to stop B: They’ll make it harder to accelerate C: They’ll make it easier to see unlit objects D: They will make it harder to see unlit objects View Hint Your headlights help you to see in the dark, and help other road users to see you. Use your headlights...

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You’ve just ridden through a flood. What should you test when you’re clear of the water?

A: The starter motor B: The headlights C: The steering D: The brakes View Hint Your headlights help you to see in the dark, and help other road users to see you. Use your headlights whenever visibility is poor. Using them at other times may also help other road users to see you. On many...

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How should you ride through flood water?

A: Quickly, in a high gear B: Slowly, in a high gear C: Quickly, in a low gear D: Slowly, in a low gear View Hint If you have to ride through a flood, ride slowly in a low gear. Keep the engine running fast enough to keep water out of the exhaust. You may...

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What should you do to help stay safe when you’re riding in fog?

A: Keep close to the vehicle in front B: Keep the vehicle in front in view C: Keep close to the centre of the road D: Keep your visor or goggles clear View Hint You must use your dipped headlights when visibility is seriously reduced. In fog, a film of mist can form over the...

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How should you ride at night on a busy main road?

A: With main-beam headlights on at all times B: Wearing non-reflective dark clothing C: Using dipped-beam headlights D: Wearing tinted glasses or a tinted visor View Hint If there’s other traffic on the road at night, use your headlights on dipped beam. Only switch to main beam when you won’t dazzle other road users. At...

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You’re riding in heavy rain. Why should you try to avoid this marked area?

A: It’s illegal to ride over bus stops B: The painted lines may be slippery C: Cyclists may be using the bus stop D: Only emergency vehicles may drive over bus stops View Hint Painted lines and road markings can be very slippery, especially for motorcyclists. Try to avoid them if you can do so...

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What should you do when riding at night?

A: Wear reflective clothing B: Wear a tinted visor C: Ride in the middle of the road D: Always give arm signals View Hint You need to make yourself as visible as possible – from the front and back, and also from the side. Don’t just rely on your headlight and tail light. Wear clothing...

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When riding in extremely cold conditions, what can you do to keep warm?

A: Stay close to the vehicles in front B: Wear suitable clothing C: Lie flat on the tank D: Put one hand on the exhaust pipe View Hint Motorcyclists are exposed to the elements and can become very cold when riding in wintry conditions. It’s important to keep warm or your concentration could be affected....

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What can you do to be seen more easily when you’re riding at night?

A: Wear reflective clothing B: Wear waterproof clothing C: Keep your motorcycle clean D: Stay well out to the right View Hint It’s vital to make yourself as visible as you can. Use the correct lights on your motorcycle. Wear reflective clothing and light or brightly colored helmet. Fluorescent clothing is effective in the daytime...

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When will your overall stopping distance increase?

A: When it is raining B: When it's sunny C: When it's dark D: When it's windy View Hint Extra care should be taken in wet weather. Wet roads will affect the time it takes you to stop: your stopping distance could be as much as doubled. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Which road surface is most likely to reduce the stability of your motorcycle?

A: Tarmac B: Shellgrip C: Concrete D: Loose gravel View Hint Some road surfaces can affect the stability of a motorcycle far more than they affect other vehicles. Look out for loose or slippery road surfaces and be aware of any traffic around you. You may need to take avoiding action and change direction quickly....

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You’re riding past queuing traffic. Why should you be more cautious when approaching this road marking?

A: Lorries will be unloading here B: School children will be crossing here C: Pedestrians will be standing in the road D: Traffic could be turning here View Hint When riding past queuing traffic, look out for ‘keep clear’ road markings, which will indicate a side road or entrance on the left. Vehicles may emerge...

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What can cause your tyres to lose their grip on the road surface and skid?

A: Giving hand signals B: Riding one-handed C: Looking over your shoulder D: Heavy braking View Hint You can cause your motorcycle to skid by heavy braking, as well as excessive acceleration, swerving or changing direction too sharply, and leaning over too far. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When riding in heavy rain, a film of water can build up between your tyres and the road. This is known as aquaplaning. What should you do to keep control when aquaplaning occurs?

A: Use your rear brakes gently B: Steer to the crown of the road C: Ease off the throttle smoothly D: Change up to a higher gear View Hint If your motorcycle starts to aquaplane, ease off the throttle smoothly. Don’t brake or turn the steering until tyre grip has been restored. Next Theory Test...

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After riding through deep water, you notice your scooter brakes aren’t working properly. What would be the best way to dry them out?

A: Ride slowly, braking lightly B: Ride quickly, braking harshly C: Stop and dry them with a cloth D: Stop and wait for a few minutes View Hint You can help to dry out brakes by riding slowly and applying light pressure to the brake pedal/lever. Don’t ride at normal speeds until they’re working normally...

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What should you do if you have to ride in foggy weather?

A: Stay close to the centre of the road B: Switch on only your sidelights C: Switch on your dipped headlights D: Ride in the gutter so you can see the kerb View Hint Only travel in fog if your journey is absolutely necessary. Fog is often patchy and visibility can reduce suddenly, without warning,...

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Only a fool breaks the two-second rule.’ What does this refer to?

A: The time recommended when using the choke B: The time gap when following another vehicle in good conditions C: The time you should allow to restart a stalled engine D: The time you should keep your foot down at a junction View Hint It’s very important that you always leave a safe gap between...

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What should a motorcyclist avoid at a mini-roundabout?

A: Turning right B: Using signals C: Taking 'lifesavers' D: The painted area View Hint Avoid riding over the painted area of a mini-roundabout, as this can become very slippery – especially when wet. At any given moment, only a small part of a motorcycle tire makes contact with the road, so any reduction in...

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You’re riding on an exposed stretch of motorway and there’s a strong side wind. When should you take extra care?

A: As you approach a service area B: When you overtake a large vehicle C: When there’s slow queuing traffic D: As you approach an exit slip road View Hint Beware of side winds when riding on exposed stretches of road. Take extra care when overtaking large vehicles. As you pass them, you may emerge...

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Why should you try to avoid riding over this marked area?

A: It's illegal to ride over bus stops B: It will alter your machine’s centre of gravity C: Pedestrians may be waiting at the bus stop D: A bus may have left patches of oil View Hint Try to anticipate slippery road surfaces. Watch out for oil patches at places where vehicles stop for some...

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Your overall stopping distance comprises thinking distance and braking distance. You’re on a good, dry road surface, with good brakes and tyres. What’s the typical braking distance at 50 mph?

A: 14 metres (46 feet) B: 24 metres (79 feet) C: 38 metres (125 feet) D: 55 metres (180 feet) View Hint Various factors – such as weather and road conditions, vehicle condition and loading – affect how long it takes you to stop. You also need to add reaction time to this. The overall

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What’s likely to happen if you get cold and wet when riding a motorcycle?

A: Your concentration will be impaired B: Your riding will improve C: Your visor will freeze up D: Your reactions will be quicker View Hint When riding, make sure you wear suitable clothing for the conditions. Getting cold and wet will make you uncomfortable. This can cause you to lose concentration and considerably slow down...

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Which arm signal means ‘I intend to slow down or stop’?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re about to ride home but you can’t find the glasses you need to wear. What should you do?

A: Ride home slowly, keeping to quiet roads B: Borrow a friend’s glasses and use those C: Ride home at night, so that the lights will help you D: Find a way of getting home without riding View Hint If you need glasses to bring your eyesight up to the legal standard for driving or...

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Which of these is an effect of drinking alcohol?

A: Faster reactions B: Colour blindness C: Poor judgement D: Increased concentration View Hint Even a small amount of alcohol will impair a person’s judgment. It can increase confidence to a point where a person’s behavior may become ‘out of character’. Someone who normally behaves sensibly may take risks and could endanger themselves and others....

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You find that you need glasses to read vehicle number plates at the required distance. When must you wear them?

A: Only in bad weather conditions B: At all times when riding C: Only when you think it's necessary D: Only in bad light or at night time View Hint Have your eyesight tested before you start your practical training. Then have checks periodically throughout your riding life, as your vision may change. Next Theory...

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How are you likely to be affected by drinking alcohol?

A: You'll be more cautious and perceptive B: The speed of your reactions will increase C: Your judgment of speed will be worse D: Your awareness of danger will improve View Hint Never drink if you’re going to drive or ride. Your judgement can be seriously affected, even if you aren’t over the drink-drive limit....

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Which type of glasses shouldn’t be worn when riding at night?

A: Half-moon B: Round C: Bifocal D: Tinted View Hint If you’re riding at night or in poor visibility, tinted lenses or a tinted visor will reduce the amount of available light reaching your eyes, making you less able to see clearly. Next Theory Test Question -->

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In which of these circumstances may you use hazard warning lights?

A: When riding on a motorway, to warn traffic behind of a hazard ahead B: When you’re double parked on a two-way road C: When your direction indicators aren't working D: When riding in town, to warn oncoming traffic that you intend to stop View Hint Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature. Use...

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Why should you wear ear plugs when riding a motorcycle?

A: To help prevent hearing damage B: To make you less aware of traffic C: To help keep you warm D: To make your helmet fit better View Hint The use of ear plugs is recommended to protect your hearing from being damaged by the noise of air turbulence around your helmet. Staying within the...

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You’re going to a social event and alcohol will be available. You’ll be riding your motorcycle shortly afterwards. What’s the safest thing to do?

A: Stay just below the legal limit B: Have soft drinks and alcohol in turn C: Don’t go beyond the legal limit D: Stick to non-alcoholic drinks View Hint Drinking even the smallest amount of alcohol can affect your judgement and reactions. The safest and best option is to avoid any alcohol at all when...

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You’re convicted of riding after drinking too much alcohol. How could this affect your insurance?

A: Your insurance may become invalid B: The amount of excess you pay will be reduced C: You'll only be able to get third-party cover D: Cover will only be given for riding smaller motorcycles View Hint Riding while under the influence of drink or drugs can invalidate your insurance. It also endangers yourself and...

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Why should you check over your shoulder before turning right into a side road?

A: To make sure the side road is clear B: To check for emerging traffic C: To check for overtaking vehicles D: To confirm your intention to turn View Hint Take a check over your shoulder before committing yourself to a manoeuvre. This is especially important when turning right, as other road users may not...

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You aren’t sure whether your cough medicine will affect your ability to ride safely. What should you do?

A: Ask your doctor B: Don't take the medicine C: Ride if you feel all right D: Ask a friend or relative for advice View Hint If you’re taking medicine or drugs prescribed by your doctor, check to make sure they won’t make you drowsy. If you forget to ask when you’re at the surgery,...

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When should you use hazard warning lights?

A: When you're double-parked on a two-way road B: When your direction indicators aren't working C: When warning oncoming traffic that you intend to stop D: When your motorcycle has broken down and is causing an obstruction View Hint Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature and should be used if you’ve broken down...

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It’s a very hot day. What would you expect to find?

A: Mud on the road B: A soft road surface C: Roadworks ahead D: Banks of fog View Hint In very hot weather, the road surface can become soft and may melt. Take care when braking and cornering on soft tarmac, as this can lead to reduced grip and cause skidding. Next Theory Test Question...

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Why should you keep a large gap between your motorcycle and a lorry in front?

A: So you don't breathe in the lorry’s exhaust fumes B: So wind from the lorry won't slow you down C: So drivers behind can see you D: So your view ahead is not obstructed View Hint If you follow a large vehicle too closely, your view beyond it will be restricted. Drop back. This...

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You’re riding on a country lane. What should you do if you come across cattle on the road?

A: Ride up close behind them B: Rev your engine C: Give them plenty of room D: Sound your horn View Hint Try not to startle the animals. They can be easily frightened by noise or by traffic passing too closely. Slow down, give them plenty of room and be prepared to stop if necessary....

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A learner driver begins to emerge into your path from a side road on the left. What should you do?

A: Be ready to slow down and stop B: Let them emerge, then ride close behind C: Turn into the side road D: Brake hard, then wave them out View Hint You should always be looking for vehicles emerging from side roads as you approach them. If you see another vehicle begin to emerge into...

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The vehicle ahead is being driven by a learner. What should you do?

A: Keep calm and be patient B: Ride close behind C: Put your headlights on main beam D: Sound your horn and overtake View Hint Learner drivers might take longer to react to traffic situations, so be patient and give them time. Don’t unnerve them by riding close behind or showing signs of impatience. Next...

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You’re riding in fast-flowing traffic. The vehicle behind is following too closely. What should you do?

A: Slow down gradually to increase the gap in front of you B: Slow down as quickly as possible by braking C: Accelerate to get away from the vehicle behind you D: Apply the brakes sharply to warn the driver behind View Hint By increasing the separation distance between you and the vehicle in front,...

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You’re riding towards a zebra crossing. Waiting to cross is a person in a wheelchair. What should you do?

A: Continue on your way B: Wave to the person to cross C: Wave to the person to wait D: Be prepared to stop View Hint As you would with any pedestrian, you should prepare to stop. Don’t wave the person across, as other traffic may not slow down. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why should you allow extra room when overtaking another motorcyclist on a windy day?

A: The rider may turn off suddenly to get out of the wind B: The rider may be blown across in front of you C: The rider may stop suddenly D: The rider may be travelling faster than normal View Hint On a windy day, be aware that the blustery conditions might blow you or...

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You’ve stopped at a pelican crossing, where a disabled person is crossing very slowly in front of you. What should you do when the lights change to green?

A: Allow the person to finish crossing B: Edge forward slowly C: Ride behind the person D: Sound your horn View Hint At a pelican crossing, the green light means you may proceed as long as the crossing is clear. If someone hasn’t finished crossing, be patient and wait until the road is clear. Next...

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Where should you take particular care to look out for other motorcyclists and cyclists?

A: On dual carriageways B: At junctions C: At zebra crossings D: On one-way streets View Hint Other motorcyclists and cyclists may be difficult to see on the road, particularly at junctions. If your view is blocked by other traffic, you may not be able to see them approaching. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why is it vital for a rider to make a lifesaver check before turning right?

A: To check for any overtaking traffic B: To confirm that they're about to turn C: To make sure the side road is clear D: To check that the rear indicator is flashing View Hint The lifesaver glance makes you aware of what’s happening behind and alongside you before you alter your course. This glance...

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You’re about to overtake a group of horse riders. What’s most likely to scare the horses?

A: Your dipped headlights B: Giving arm signals C: Riding slowly D: Revving your engine View Hint When passing horses, allow them plenty of space and slow down. Animals can be frightened by sudden or loud noises, so don’t sound your horn or rev your engine. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Young and new motorcyclists are involved in more incidents than other motorcyclists. Why is this?

A: They use borrowed equipment B: They lack experience and judgment C: They ride in bad weather conditions D: They don't maintain their motorcycles View Hint Young and inexperienced motorcyclists are far more likely to be involved in incidents than more experienced riders. The reasons for this include natural exuberance, showing off, competitive behavior and...

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What would make a young motorcyclist especially vulnerable?

A: Wearing newer gear than experienced riders B: Having faster reactions than older riders C: Overestimating their own ability D: Getting cheap insurance View Hint Young and inexperienced motorcyclists often have more confidence than ability. It takes time to gain experience and become a good rider. Make sure you have the right attitude and put...

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You’re riding behind a long vehicle. There’s a mini-roundabout ahead. The vehicle is signalling left, but it’s positioned to the right. What should you do?

A: Sound your horn B: Overtake on the left C: Keep well back D: Flash your headlights View Hint Long vehicles need more room than other vehicles to turn at junctions. The driver may take up a position that seems strange, but they have to do this to ensure their rear wheels don’t mount the...

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Why should you be careful when riding on roads where electric trams operate?

A: They can not steer to avoid you B: They give off harmful exhaust fumes C: They’re noisy and slow D: They can brake very quickly View Hint Electric trams run on rails and can’t deviate from the tracks. Keep a lookout for trams, as they move very quietly and can appear suddenly. Be particularly...

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What safety measure should you take before starting a motorcycle engine?

A: Check that the neutral lamp shows when the ignition is switched on B: Select first gear and apply the rear brake lightly C: Select first gear and apply the front brake firmly D: Check that your dipped headlights and tail light are on View Hint Before starting the engine, make sure the motorcycle is...

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You’re the motorcyclist approaching this junction. What should you do?

A: Stop, as the car has right of way B: Slow down and be ready to stop C: Dip your headlights and keep near the left-hand kerb D: Speed up to clear the junction without delay View Hint Look out for road signs warning of side roads, even if you aren’t turning off. A driver...

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What can motorcyclists do to improve their safety on the road?

A: Anticipate the actions of others B: Stay just above the speed limit C: Keep positioned close to the kerb D: Remain well below the speed limit View Hint Always ride defensively. This means looking and planning ahead, as well as anticipating the actions of other road users. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What can cause skidding?

A: Braking too gently B: Feathering the throttle C: Staying upright when cornering D: Braking too hard View Hint To keep control of your motorcycle and prevent skidding, you should plan well ahead and avoid late, harsh braking. Try to avoid braking while changing direction, as the tires may not have enough grip to cope...

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It’s very cold and the road looks wet. What should you do if you can’t hear any road noise as you ride?

A: Continue riding at the same speed B: Ride slowly in as high a gear as possible C: Ride in as low a gear as possible D: Brake sharply to see if the road is slippery View Hint Frozen rain on the road is called black ice. It can be hard to see, but it...

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When should you wear full protective clothing while riding a motorcycle?

A: At all times B: Only on faster, open roads C: Just on long journeys D: Only during bad weather View Hint Protective clothing is designed to protect you from the cold and wet. It also gives you some protection from injury, so it’s important that you always wear protective clothing when you ride. Next...

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What should you do before you start a journey in foggy conditions?

A: Make sure that you have a spare visor with you B: Make sure that you have a warm drink with you C: Check that your lights are working D: Check that the battery is fully charged View Hint It’s best to avoid riding in foggy weather. However, if you have to, there are some...

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Where’s the best place to park your motorcycle?

A: On soft tarmac B: On bumpy ground C: On grass D: On firm, level ground View Hint Parking your motorcycle on the soft ground might cause the stand to sink in, and the machine could fall over. The ground should be level, as well as firm, to keep the motorcycle stable. Use off-road parking...

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What should you do when riding in windy conditions?

A: Stay close to large vehicles B: Keep your speed up C: Keep your speed down D: Stay close to the gutter View Hint Strong winds can blow a motorcycle off course, and even across the road. In windy conditions, you need to slow down and avoid riding on exposed roads. You should also watch...

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On the road, what should be your normal riding position?

A: Close to the kerb B: In the center of your lane C: On the right of your lane D: Near the centre of the road View Hint When you’re riding a motorcycle, it’s very important to ride where other road users can see you. In normal weather, you should ride in the center of...

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Your motorcycle is parked on a two-way road. How should you get on the machine?

A: From the right and apply the rear brake B: From the left and leave the brakes alone C: From the left and apply the front brake D: From the right and leave the brakes alone View Hint When you get onto a motorcycle, you should get on from the left side to avoid putting...

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How should you gain basic skills in motorcycle riding?

A: Practise off-road with an approved training body B: Ride on the road on the first dry day C: Practise off-road in a public park or in a quiet cul-de-sac D: Ride on the road as soon as possible View Hint All new motorcyclists must complete a course of basic training with an approved training...

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What will happen if you ride with your clutch lever pulled in for longer than is necessary?

A: It will increase wear on the gearbox B: It will increase petrol consumption C: It will reduce your control of the motorcycle D: It will reduce the grip of the tires View Hint Riding with the clutch lever pulled in is known as coasting. If you coast, you lose the benefits of engine braking...

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You’re approaching a road with a surface of loose chippings. What should you do?

A: Ride normally B: Speed up C: Slow down D: Stop suddenly View Hint The handling of your motorcycle will be greatly affected by the road surface. Look well ahead and be especially alert if the road looks uneven or has loose chippings. Slow down in good time, as braking harshly in these conditions will...

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It rains after a long, dry, hot spell. How can this affect the road surface?

A: It can become unusually slippery B: It can give better grip C: It can become covered in grit D: It can melt and break up View Hint Oil and rubber can build up on the road during long spells of dry weather. When it rains, this can make the road surface very slippery. Next...

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What’s most likely to cause a motorcycle to skid?

A: Riding in wet weather B: Catching your foot on the ground C: Cornering too fast D: Riding in the winter View Hint Skids are a lot easier to get into than they are to get out of. Riding at a suitable speed for the conditions, planning, looking ahead for hazards and braking in good...

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Your motorcycle doesn’t have linked brakes. In an emergency, what should you do to stop quickly?

A: Apply the rear brake only B: Apply the front brake only C: Apply the front brake just before the rear brake D: Apply the rear brake just before the front brake View Hint You should plan ahead to avoid the need to stop suddenly, but if an emergency arises, you must be able to...

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What will happen if you look down at the front wheel while riding?

A: It will make your steering lighter B: It will improve your balance C: You'll use less fuel D: You will upset your balance View Hint When riding, look ahead and around you. Don’t look down at the front wheel, as this can severely upset your balance. Next Theory Test Question -->

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In normal riding conditions, how should you brake?

A: By using the rear brake first and then the front B: When the motorcycle is being turned or ridden through a bend C: By pulling in the clutch before using the front brake D: When the motorcycle is upright and moving in a straight line View Hint A motorcycle is most stable when it’s...

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Which of these will affect the stopping distance of your motorcycle?

A: The drive-chain adjustment B: The condition of the tires C: The time of day D: The street lighting View Hint Tires are a major factor in the handling, stability, and stopping distance of a motorcycle. Make sure they’re in a safe and legal condition. The weather and road surface also play a part. Always...

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You’re on a motorway at night. In which situation may you have your headlights switched off?

A: When there are vehicles close in front of you B: When you're travelling below 50 mph C: When the motorway is lit D: When your motorcycle is broken down on the hard shoulder View Hint Always use your headlights at night on a motorway, unless you’ve had to stop on the hard shoulder. If...

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You have to park on the road in fog. What should you do?

A: Leave parking lights on B: Leave no lights on C: Leave dipped headlights on D: Leave main-beam headlights on View Hint If you have to park on the road in foggy conditions, it’s important that your motorcycle can be seen by other road users. Try to find a place to park off the road....

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You ride over broken glass and get a puncture. What should you do?

A: Close the throttle and roll to a stop B: Brake to a stop as quickly as possible C: Release your grip on the handlebars D: Steer from side to side to keep your balance View Hint Your motorcycle will be very unstable if a tyre bursts. Try to keep a straight course and stop...

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Spilt fuel on the road can be very dangerous for a motorcyclist. How can this hazard be seen?

A: By a rainbow-coloured pattern on the road surface B: By a series of skid marks on the road surface C: By a pitted road surface D: By a highly polished road surface View Hint This rainbow-coloured pattern can be seen much more easily on a wet road. You should avoid riding over spilt fuel...

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Which type of road surface increases the risk of skidding for motorcyclists?

A: Tar banding B: Dry tarmac C: Concrete D: Asphalt View Hint When riding, it’s important to look for * potholes * drain covers (especially when they’re wet) * tar banding * oily and greasy surfaces * road markings * tram tracks * wet mud and leaves. Keen observation will give you more time to...

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You’re riding on a wet road. What technique should you use when braking?

A: Apply the rear brake well before the front brake B: Apply the front brake just before the rear brake C: Avoid using the front brake at all D: Avoid using the rear brake at all View Hint On wet roads, you’ll need to brake earlier and more smoothly than on dry roads. Always try...

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The road is wet. You’re passing a line of queuing traffic and riding on the painted road markings. What should you take particular care in doing?

A: Signalling B: Braking C: Carrying a passenger D: Checking your mirrors View Hint When they’re wet, painted road markings can be more slippery than the normal road surface. Other road-surface hazards that become slippery when wet include drain covers, leaves, and mud. Take extra care when braking or cornering on these wet surfaces. Next...

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Why should you be careful when crossing tram lines?

A: Tram lines are always ‘live’ B: Trams will be stopping here C: Pedestrians will be crossing here D: The steel rails can be slippery View Hint The smooth steel surface can be slippery and dangerous for motorcyclists, especially when it’s wet. Try to cross tram lines at right angles. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You have to brake sharply and your motorcycle starts to skid. What should you do?

A: Continue braking and select a low gear B: Apply the brakes harder for better grip C: Select neutral and use the front brake only D: Release and reapply the brakes View Hint If you skid as a result of braking harshly, you need to ease off the brakes to stop the skid. You should...

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ou see a rainbow-coloured pattern on the road. What will this warn you of?

A: A soft, uneven road surface B: A polished road surface C: Fuel spilt on the road D: Water on the road View Hint If fuel, especially diesel, is spilt on the road, it will make the surface very slippery. In wet weather, it can be seen as a rainbow-coloured pattern on the road. Next...

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Traction control systems (TCS) are fitted to some motorcycles. What do they help to prevent?

A: Wheelspin when accelerating B: Skidding when braking too hard C: Uneven front tyre wear D: Uneven rear tyre wear View Hint TCS helps to prevent the rear wheel from spinning, especially when accelerating on a slippery surface. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Braking too hard has caused both wheels to skid. What should you do?

A: Release both brakes together B: Release the front brake, then the rear brake C: Release the front brake only D: Release the rear brake only View Hint Braking too hard will cause a skid. Release the brakes immediately to allow the wheels to turn, then reapply them as firmly as the road surface and...

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Your motorcycle doesn’t have linked brakes. What should you do when braking normally to a stop?

A: Apply only the front brake B: Apply only the rear brake C: Apply both brakes smoothly D: Apply either of the brakes gently View Hint In normal riding, you should always use both brakes. Braking when the motorcycle is upright and traveling in a straight line helps you to keep control. If your motorcycle...

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You’re sitting on a stationary motorcycle and checking your riding position. What should you be able to do?

A: Just touch the ground with your toes B: Place both feet on the ground C: Operate the centre stand D: Adjust your mirrors by stretching View Hint When sitting astride a stationary motorcycle, you should be able to place both feet on the ground. This should enable you to keep your balance while using...

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It’s been raining after a long dry spell. How will this affect the road surface?

A: It will be rough B: It will be flooded C: It will be sticky D: It will be slippery View Hint During a long spell of hot, dry weather, the road surface will become coated with rubber and dust. When it rains after this, the road surface will be unusually slippery. Take extra care,...

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Riding with the side stand down could cause you to crash. When is this most likely to happen?

A: When you're going uphill B: When you're accelerating C: When you're braking D: When you are cornering View Hint Cornering with the side stand down could lead to a serious crash. Many motorcycles have a device that stops the engine if you try to ride off with the side stand down, but don’t rely...

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When may you stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway?

A: Only in an emergency B: If you feel tired and need to rest C: If you've gone past your exit D: To answer your mobile phone View Hint You mustn’t stop on the hard shoulder, except in an emergency. Never use the hard shoulder to have a rest or a picnic, answer a mobile...

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You’re riding on the motorway. Well before you reach your intended exit, where should you position your motorcycle?

A: In the middle lane B: In the left-hand lane C: On the hard shoulder D: In any lane View Hint You’ll see the first advance direction sign one mile from a motorway exit. If you’re traveling at 60 mph, you’ll only have about 50 seconds before you reach the countdown markers. There’ll be another...

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You’re joining a motorway from a slip road. What should you do?

A: Adjust your speed to the speed of the traffic on the motorway B: Accelerate as quickly as you can and ride straight out C: Ride onto the hard shoulder until a gap appears D: Expect drivers on the motorway to give way to you View Hint Give way to vehicles that are already on...

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If you want to ride on the motorway, what’s the minimum engine size your motorcycle must have?

A: 50 cc B: 125 cc C: 150 cc D: 250 cc View Hint Riders of motorcycles with an engine smaller than 50 cc aren’t allowed to use motorways, due to their restricted speed. They may cause a hazard – both for the rider and for drivers of other vehicles. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re riding at 70 mph on a three-lane motorway. There’s no traffic ahead. Which lane should you use?

A: Any lane B: The middle lane C: The right-hand lane D: The left-hand lane View Hint Use the left-hand lane if it’s free, regardless of the speed at which you’re travelling. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re riding on a motorway. Unless signs show otherwise, what’s the national speed limit?

A: 50 mph B: 60 mph C: 70 mph D: 80 mph View Hint The national speed limit of 70 mph applies to cars and motorcycles on the motorway unless they’re towing a trailer. On smart motorways, this speed limit can be reduced and overhead signs will show the new limit in force. Next Theory

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Why is it particularly important to carry out a check of your motorcycle before making a long motorway journey?

A: You'll have to do more harsh braking on motorways B: Motorway service stations don't deal with breakdowns C: The road surface will wear down the tyres faster D: Continuous high speeds increase the risk of your motorcycle breaking down View Hint Before starting a motorway journey, make sure your motorcycle can cope with the...

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You stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway and use the emergency telephone. Where’s the best place to wait for help to arrive?

A: Next to the phone B: Well away from the carriageway C: With your vehicle D: On the hard shoulder View Hint When you’re on the hard shoulder, you’re at risk of being injured by motorway traffic. The safest place to wait is away from the carriageway, but near enough to see the emergency services...

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You’re riding slowly in a town centre. Why should you glance over your left shoulder before turning left?

A: To check for cyclists B: To help keep your balance C: To look for traffic signs D: To check for potholes View Hint When riding slowly, you must remember to look out for cyclists – they can travel quickly and fit through surprisingly narrow spaces. Before you turn left in slow-moving traffic, it’s important...

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Which lane mustn’t you use when you’re riding your motorcycle?

A: Crawler lane B: Overtaking lane C: Acceleration lane D: Tram lane View Hint Always plan ahead and be aware of lanes and areas designated for specific road users only. The restrictions are sometimes in force only at certain times of day, and signs will show when they apply. In some towns, motorcycles are permitted...

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What does this sign mean?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re riding on a busy dual carriageway. What should you do before you change lanes?

A: Rely totally on your mirrors B: Always increase your speed C: Signal so that others will give way D: Use mirrors and shoulder checks View Hint Before changing direction, as well as using your mirrors, you may need to take a quick sideways glance to check for vehicles in your blind spots. These are...

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You’re looking for somewhere to park your motorcycle. The area is full except for spaces marked ‘disabled use’. What can you do?

A: You can use these spaces when elsewhere is full B: You can park in one of these spaces if you stay with your motorcycle C: You can use one of the spaces as long as one is kept free D: You can not park there unless you are permitted to do so View Hint...

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You’re on a road with passing places. It’s only wide enough for one vehicle. A car is coming towards you. What should you do?

A: Pull into a passing place on your right B: Force the other driver to reverse C: Turn round and ride back to the main road D: Pull into a passing place on your left View Hint If you meet another vehicle on a narrow road and the passing place is on your left, pull...

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You’re both turning right at this crossroads. Why is it safer to keep the car to your right?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do when filtering through slow-moving or stationary traffic?

A: Watch for vehicles emerging from side roads B: Continually use your horn as a warning C: Stand up on the footrests for a good view ahead D: Ride with your hazard warning lights on View Hint Other road users may not expect or look for motorcycles filtering through slow-moving or stationary traffic. Your view...

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You’re riding towards roadworks. The temporary traffic lights are on red. The road ahead is clear. What should you do?

A: Ride on with extreme caution B: Ride on at normal speed C: Carry on if approaching cars have stopped D: Wait for the green light View Hint You must obey all traffic signs and signals. Just because the lights are temporary, it doesn’t mean that you can disregard them. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You intend to go abroad and will be riding on the right-hand side of the road. What should you fit to your motorcycle?

A: Twin headlights B: Headlight deflectors C: Tinted yellow brake lights D: Tinted red indicator lenses View Hint When abroad and riding on the right, deflectors are usually required to prevent your headlights from dazzling approaching drivers. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You want to tow a trailer with your motorcycle. What’s the minimum engine size required to do this?

A: 50 cc B: 125 cc C: 525 cc D: 1000 cc View Hint Towing a trailer requires special care. You must obey the restrictions that apply when towing – including the 125 cc minimum size of your motorcycle engine and the reduced national speed limits. Don’t forget the trailer is there, especially when negotiating...

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What’s the national speed limit on a single carriageway?

A: 40 mph B: 50 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint You don’t have to ride at the speed limit. Use your own judgement and ride at a speed that suits the prevailing road, weather and traffic conditions. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When must you stop your motorcycle?

A: At a clear pelican crossing when the amber light is flashing B: At an empty zebra crossing C: When signaled to do so by a police officer D: At a junction with double broken white lines View Hint Don’t stop or hold up traffic unnecessarily. However, there are occasions when you must stop by...

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How should you give an arm signal to turn left?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re giving an arm signal, ready to turn left. Why shouldn’t you continue with the arm signal while you turn?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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What does this sign mean?

A: B: C: D: View Hint Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why should you make sure that you cancel your indicators after turning?

A: To avoid flattening the battery B: To avoid misleading other road users C: To avoid dazzling other road users D: To avoid damage to the indicator relay View Hint Always check that you’ve canceled your indicators after turning. Failing to cancel your indicators could lead to a serious or even fatal collision. Other road...

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Your indicators are difficult to see due to bright sunshine. What should you do to let other road users know your intentions?

A: Give an arm signal B: Sound your horn C: Flash your headlights D: Keep both hands on the handlebars View Hint Arm signals should be used to confirm your intentions when you aren’t sure that your indicators can be seen by other road users. Use the signals shown in The Highway Code and return...

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What should you be aware of if you’ve just passed this sign?

A: This is a single-track road B: You can’t stop on this road C: Only one lane is in use D: All traffic is going one way View Hint In a one-way system, traffic may pass you on either side. Always be aware of all traffic signs and understand their meaning. Look well ahead and...

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What information is found on a vehicle registration document?

A: The make and model B: The service history C: The ignition-key security number D: The original purchase price View Hint Every vehicle should have a registration document showing the registered keeper. It’s your legal responsibility to make sure all the information is correct. This includes make, model, and engine size. If you buy a...

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Who can carry out compulsory basic training (CBT)?

A: Any approved driving instructor (ADI) B: Any road safety officer C: Any Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA)-approved training body D: Any motorcycle main dealer View Hint CBT courses can only be given by training bodies that are approved by DVSA. The standard of training is monitored by DVSA examiners. The course is designed...

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What should you be sure of before riding anyone else’s motorcycle?

A: That the owner has third-party insurance cover B: That your own motorcycle has insurance cover C: That the motorcycle is insured for your use D: That the owner has the insurance documents with them View Hint If you borrow a motorcycle, you must make sure that you’re insured to ride it. It’s better to...

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How long after first registration must a motorcycle have its first MOT test?

A: One year B: Three years C: Five years D: Seven years View Hint Any motorcycle you ride must be in good condition and roadworthy. If it’s over three years old, it must have a valid MOT test certificate (unless it’s exempt from the MOT test – see GOV.UK). Next Theory Test Question -->

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What information can be found on a motorcycle’s registration document?

A: The registered keeper’s name B: The type of insurance cover required C: The service history D: The date of the MOT View Hint Every vehicle on the road has a registration document. This records any change of ownership and gives specific information relating to the vehicle and owner. This includes the date of first...

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You own a motorcycle licensed in the UK. When do you have a duty to contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA)?

A: When you go abroad on holiday B: When your job involves riding abroad C: When your permanent address changes D: When you change your job status View Hint DVLA need to keep their records up to date. They’ll send you a reminder when you need to tax your vehicle. To do this, they need...

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Your motorcycle is insured third-party only. What does this cover?

A: Damage to your motorcycle B: All damage and injury C: Injury to yourself D: Injury to others View Hint Third-party insurance is usually cheaper than comprehensive insurance. It covers injuries to other people and damage to their property, but it doesn’t cover any damage to your own motorcycle or property. Nor does it provide...

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What does a motorcycle registration document show?

A: The service history B: The year of first registration C: The purchase price D: The tyre sizes View Hint A motorcycle registration document contains a number of details that are unique to a particular vehicle. You must notify DVLA of any changes to, for example, the registered keeper or registration number. You must also...

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What’s the purpose of an MOT test?

A: To make sure your motorcycle is roadworthy B: To certify how many miles per gallon it does C: To prove you own the motorcycle D: To allow you to park in restricted areas View Hint It’s your responsibility to make sure that any motorcycle you ride is in a roadworthy condition. Any faults that...

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What do you need before you can take a practical motorcycle test?

A: A valid full moped licence B: A valid full car licence C: A valid compulsory basic training (CBT) certificate D: 12 months’ riding experience View Hint The purpose of a CBT course is to teach you basic theory and practical skills before you ride on the road, on your own, for the first time....

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You’ve just passed your practical motorcycle test. This is your first full licence. What will you have to do if you gather six or more penalty points within the next two years?

A: Retake only your theory test B: Reapply for your full licence immediately C: Retake only your practical test D: Reapply for your provisional licence View Hint If the number of points on your licence reaches six or more during your first two years of holding a full licence, your licence will be revoked. This...

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You hold a provisional motorcycle licence. What does this licence restrict you from doing?

A: Exceeding 30 mph B: Riding on a dual carriageway C: Riding after dark D: Carrying a pillion passenger View Hint Provisional entitlement means that restrictions apply to your use of motorcycles. For example, you may not ride on a motorway or carry a passenger. The requirements are there to protect you and other road...

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When must you notify the licensing authority?

A: When your insurance is due for renewal B: When you have a medical condition that affects your riding C: When you intend to take your motorcycle abroad on holiday D: When you wish to renew your motorcycle’s MOT certificate View Hint The licensing authorities hold the records of all vehicles, drivers and riders in...

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What’s the maximum engine size a full category A1 motorcycle licence will allow you to ride?

A: 125 cc B: 250 cc C: 350 cc D: 425 cc View Hint When you pass your test on a motorcycle between 120 cc and 125 cc, you’ll be issued with a full light motorcycle licence of category A1. You’ll then be allowed to ride any motorcycle up to 125 cc and with a...

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Do you need to display L plates when learning to ride a motorcycle under the direct access scheme?

A: No, you don't need L plates if you've passed a car test B: Yes, you need L plates only when learning on your own machine C: Yes, you need L plates while learning with a qualified instructor D: No, you don't need L plates if you've passed a moped test View Hint When training...

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A motorcyclist is riding a motorcycle that has an engine larger than 50 cc. When may they carry a pillion passenger?

A: When the rider has successfully completed CBT (compulsory basic training) B: When the rider holds a full license for the category of motorcycle they are riding C: When no sidecar is fitted to the machine D: When the rider has a full car licence and is over 21 View Hint Before carrying a passenger...

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You have a CBT (compulsory basic training) certificate. How long is it valid?

A: One year B: Two years C: Three years D: Four years View Hint All new learner motorcycle and moped riders must complete a CBT course before riding on the road. This can only be given by an approved training body (ATB). If you don’t pass your practical test within two years, you’ll need to...

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What must you have to legally carry a pillion passenger on your motorcycle?

A: A motorcycle with an engine larger than 125 cc B: A passenger who holds a full motorcycle licence C: A full motorcycle licence D: Three years’ motorcycle riding experience View Hint As a learner motorcyclist, you aren’t allowed to carry a pillion passenger, even if they hold a full motorcycle licence. You mustn’t carry...

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A friend asks you to give them a lift on your motorcycle. What conditions apply?

A: Your motorcycle must be larger than 125 cc B: You must have three years’ motorcycle riding experience C: The pillion passenger must hold a full motorcycle licence D: You must have a full motorcycle licence View Hint By law, you can only carry a pillion passenger after you’ve gained a full motorcycle licence. It...

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Your vehicle must have valid insurance cover before you can do what?

A: Make a SORN B: Sell the vehicle C: Scrap the vehicle D: Tax the vehicle View Hint Your vehicle must have valid insurance cover before you can tax it. If required, it will also need to have a valid MOT certificate. You can tax your vehicle online, by phone or at certain post offices....

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Your motorcycle insurance policy has an excess of £100. What does this mean?

A: The insurance company will pay the first £100 of any claim B: You'll be paid £100 if you don't have a crash C: Your motorcycle is insured for a value of £100 if it's stolen D: You will have to pay the first £100 of any claim View Hint This is a method used...

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Your vehicle needs a current MOT certificate. What will the MOT certificate enable you to do?

A: Renew your driving licence B: Change your insurance company C: Tax your vehicle D: Notify a change of address View Hint If your vehicle is required to have an MOT certificate, you’ll need to make sure this is current before you’re able to tax your vehicle. You can do this online, by phone or...

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When should you update your vehicle registration certificate?

A: When you pass your driving test B: When you move house C: When your vehicle needs an MOT D: When you have a collision View Hint As the registered keeper of a vehicle, it’s up to you to inform DVLA of any changes in your details; for example, your name or address. You do...

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Your motorcycle has broken down on a motorway. How will you know the direction of the nearest emergency telephone?

A: By walking with the flow of traffic B: By following an arrow on a marker post C: By walking against the flow of traffic D: By remembering where the last phone was View Hint If you break down on a motorway, pull onto the hard shoulder and stop as far over to the left...

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When should you use the engine cut-out switch?

A: To stop the engine in an emergency B: To stop the engine after a short journey C: To save wear on the ignition switch D: To start the engine if you lose the key View Hint Most motorcycles are fitted with an engine cut-out switch. This is designed to stop the engine in an...

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You’re riding on a motorway. The car in front switches on its hazard warning lights while it’s moving. What does this mean?

A: The driver is going to take the next exit B: There is danger ahead C: There's a police car ahead D: The driver is trying to change lanes View Hint Drivers and riders may switch on their hazard warning lights to warn following traffic of an obstruction or danger ahead. This only applies on...

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What will you be asked when you use the emergency telephone on a motorway?

A: The number of the telephone you are using B: The number on your driving licence C: The name of your vehicle insurance company D: The route you were taking before the breakdown View Hint Have information about your motorcycle and the number of the phone you’re using ready before you call from an emergency...

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You’re on a motorway. When can you use hazard warning lights?

A: When a vehicle is following too closely B: When you slow down quickly because of danger ahead C: When you're being towed by another vehicle D: When you're riding on the hard shoulder View Hint Briefly using your hazard warning lights will warn the traffic behind you that there’s a hazard ahead. Turn them...

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You’re riding through a tunnel. What should you do if your motorcycle breaks down?

A: Switch on hazard warning lights B: Remain on your motorcycle C: Wait for the police to find you D: Rely on CCTV cameras seeing you View Hint If your motorcycle breaks down in a tunnel, it could present a danger to other traffic. First switch on your hazard warning lights and then call for...

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You’re on a motorway. Luggage falls from your motorcycle. What should you do?

A: Stop at the next emergency telephone and report the hazard B: Stop on the motorway and put on hazard warning lights while you pick it up C: Walk back up the motorway to pick it up D: Pull up on the hard shoulder and wave traffic down View Hint If any of your luggage...

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You’re involved in a collision with another vehicle. Someone is injured and your motorcycle is damaged. What should you find out?

A: Whether the driver owns the other vehicle involved B: Whether the other driver is licensed to drive C: The occupation of the other driver D: The other driver’s vehicle insurance details View Hint If you’re involved in a collision where someone is injured, your first priority is to warn other traffic and call the...

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What should you do if a trailer you’re towing swerves or snakes?

A: Ease off the throttle and reduce your speed B: Let go of the handlebars and let it correct itself C: Brake hard and hold the brake on D: Accelerate until it stabilises itself View Hint Don’t be tempted to use harsh braking to stop swerving or snaking, as this could make things worse. You...

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What should you be aware of when you ride a sidecar outfit for the first time?

A: You need time to get used to it B: You’ll be able to stop in a shorter distance C: You need to accelerate around bends D: You can approach corners without braking View Hint A motorcycle with a sidecar, or a trike, will feel very different to ride than a solo motorcycle. It requires...

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What may you need to adjust when you’re carrying a heavy load on your motorcycle?

A: The footrests B: The gear lever C: The seat height D: The tyre pressure View Hint Carrying extra weight, such as luggage or a pillion passenger, can affect the feel and handling of your motorcycle. If possible, some items may need to be adjusted to help overcome this. These adjustments include the aim of...

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What are the minimum test vehicle requirements for a motorcycle used to obtain a full category ‘A’ licence?

A: Solo, with a maximum power of at least 25 kW (33 bhp) B: Solo, with a maximum power of at least 11 kW (14.6 bhp) C: Fitted with a sidecar, and with a maximum power of at least 35 kW (46.6 bhp) D: Solo, with a maximum power of at least 40 kW (53.6...

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You’re carrying a load on your motorcycle’s luggage rack. What must you ensure?

A: The load must be securely fastened B: The load must be unevenly balanced C: The load must be highly visible D: The load must be covered with plastic sheeting View Hint Don’t risk losing any luggage while riding: it could fall into the path of following vehicles and cause danger. It’s an offence to...

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What does a person need to do when they ride as a pillion passenger?

A: Have a provisional motorcycle licence B: Be lighter than the rider C: Wear a motorcycle helmet D: Give signals for the rider View Hint Pillion passengers must sit astride the motorcycle, on a proper passenger seat, and passenger footrests must be fitted. They must also wear a correctly fastened motorcycle helmet. Next Theory Test...

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What should a pillion passenger do while being carried on a motorcycle?

A: Give the rider directions B: Lean with the rider when going around bends C: Take rear observation for the rider D: Give arm signals for the rider View Hint When you ride with a pillion passenger, your motorcycle may feel unbalanced and its acceleration and braking distance may also be affected. Make sure your...

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When you’re going around a corner, what should your pillion passenger do?

A: Give arm signals for you B: Check behind for other vehicles C: Lean with you on bends D: Lean to one side to see ahead View Hint A pillion passenger shouldn’t give signals or look around for you – that’s your responsibility as the rider. If your passenger has never been on a motorcycle...

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Which of these may need to be adjusted when carrying a pillion passenger?

A: Indicators B: Exhaust C: Fairing D: Headlights View Hint Your headlights must be properly adjusted to avoid dazzling other road users. You’ll probably need to do this when carrying a heavy load or the extra weight of a pillion passenger. You may also need to adjust the tyre pressures and the suspension. Next Theory...

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What’s the speed limit on a single carriageway road for a motorcycle towing a trailer?

A: 50 mph B: 40 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint When you tow a trailer, remember that you must obey the reduced speed limits of 50 mph on a single carriageway and 60 mph on a dual carriageway or motorway. Make sure that the trailer is hitched correctly and that any...

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Who’s responsible for making sure that a motorcycle isn’t overloaded?

A: The rider of the motorcycle B: The owner of the items being carried C: The licensing authority D: The owner of the motorcycle View Hint Correct loading is the responsibility of the rider. Overloading a motorcycle can seriously affect the control and handling. It could result in a crash, with serious or even fatal...

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What should you do before fitting a sidecar to a motorcycle?

A: Have the wheels balanced B: Have the engine tuned C: Pass the extended motorcycle test D: Check that the motorcycle is suitable View Hint If you want to fit a sidecar to your motorcycle, check that the motorcycle is suitable and can cope with the extra load. Make sure that the sidecar is securely...

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You’re using throwover saddlebags. Why is it important to make sure they’re evenly loaded?

A: Uneven loads can make the engine overheat B: Uneven loads can make the motorcycle uncomfortable C: Uneven loads can make the motorcycle unstable D: Uneven loads can make the battery overcharge View Hint Panniers or saddlebags should be loaded so that you carry about the same weight in each bag. Uneven loading could make...

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You’re riding with a bulky tank bag. What could this affect?

A: Your ability to steer B: Your ability to accelerate C: Your view ahead D: Your insurance premium View Hint If your tank bag is too bulky, it could get in the way of your arms or restrict the movement of the handlebars. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What requirement must you meet if you want to carry a pillion passenger on your motorcycle?

A: You must hold a full car licence B: You must hold a full motorcycle licence C: You must be over the age of 21 D: You must be over the age of 25 View Hint Before you can carry a pillion passenger, the law requires you to have a full licence for the category...

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When carrying a heavy load on your motorcycle, what may you need to adjust?

A: Carburettor B: Fuel tap C: Seating position D: Tyre pressures View Hint Take care if you’re carrying a heavy load on your motorcycle. Try to carry the weight as low down as possible – ideally in panniers, with the weight evenly spread on each side. You may need to adjust your tyre pressures, your...

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You’re carrying a pillion passenger. What should you do when you’re following other traffic?

A: Keep to your normal following distance B: Get your passenger to keep checking behind C: Keep further back than you normally would D: Get your passenger to signal for you View Hint The extra weight of a passenger may increase your stopping distance. Allow for this when following another vehicle by increasing the separation...

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When can you carry a child as a pillion passenger?

A: When they're over 14 years old B: When they're over 16 years old C: When they can reach the floor from the seat D: When they can reach the handholds and footrests View Hint Any passenger you carry – no matter how old they are – must be able to reach the footrests and...

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What should you check when you fit a sidecar to your motorcycle?

A: That the sidecar has a registration plate B: That the sidecar is correctly aligned C: That the sidecar has a waterproof cover D: That the sidecar has a spare wheel View Hint If the sidecar isn’t correctly aligned with the mounting points, the outfit will be difficult to control and could be dangerous. Riding...

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How will riding a motorcycle and sidecar differ from riding a solo motorcycle?

A: It will allow you to corner more quickly B: It will allow you to brake later for hazards C: It will require a different riding technique D: It will improve your fuel consumption View Hint You’ll need to adapt your riding technique when riding a motorcycle fitted with a sidecar. The extra weight will...

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You’re carrying a pillion passenger. What should you adjust to allow for the extra weight?

A: The preload on the front forks B: The preload on the rear shock absorber(s) C: The balance of the rear wheel D: The front and rear wheel alignment View Hint When carrying a passenger or other extra weight, you may need to make adjustments, particularly to the rear shock absorber(s), tyre pressures and headlight...

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What’s the maximum width allowed for a trailer on a motorcycle?

A: 0.5 metres (1 foot 8 inches) B: 1 metre (3 feet 3 inches) C: 1.5 metres (4 feet 11 inches) D: 2 metres (6 feet 6 inches) View Hint When you’re towing a trailer, you must remember that you may not be able to filter through traffic. Don’t forget that the trailer is there,

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What applies when you tow a trailer with your motorcycle?

A: The motorcycle should be attached to a sidecar B: The trailer should weigh more than the motorcycle C: The trailer should be fitted with brakes D: The trailer should not be more than 1 metre (3 feet 3 inches) wide View Hint To tow a trailer behind a motorcycle, you must have a full...

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You have a sidecar fitted to your motorcycle. What effect will it have?

A: It will reduce the motorcycle's stability B: It will make the steering lighter C: It will increase the stopping distance D: It will increase the fuel economy View Hint A sidecar will alter the handling considerably. Give yourself time to adjust to the different characteristics and allow a greater stopping distance. Next Theory Test...

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How is a learner motorcyclist’s licence restricted?

A: They must not carry a pillion passenger B: They mustn't use the right-hand lane on dual carriageways C: They mustn't carry panniers on their motorcycle D: They mustn't ride faster than 30 mph View Hint Learner motorcyclists aren’t allowed to * tow a trailer * carry a pillion passenger * use the motorway. In...

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What should you do if you want to tow a trailer behind your motorcycle?

A: Display a ‘long vehicle’ sign on the back of the trailer B: Fit a larger battery to your motorcycle C: Hold a full motorcycle licence D: Use a motorcycle that has shaft drive View Hint You may not ride a motorcycle towing a trailer if you only hold a provisional motorcycle licence. When you...

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What should your motorcycle have if you want to carry a pillion passenger?

A: Passenger footrests B: A passenger communication system C: A passenger luggage box D: Passenger grab handles View Hint When carrying a pillion passenger, you should explain to them that they must keep their feet on the footrests. Tell them not to give hand signals, lean away from the rider when cornering, fidget or move...

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What kind of items should you carry in a top box?

A: Heavy items B: Personal items C: Emergency items D: Lightweight items View Hint Carrying a heavy weight high up and at the very back of the motorcycle can cause problems in maintaining control, particularly when riding at speed. If you have heavy items to carry, it’s better to carry them in panniers and keep...

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You hold a provisional motorcycle licence. Are you allowed to carry a pillion passenger?

A: Only if the passenger holds a full licence B: Not at any time C: Not unless you're undergoing training D: Only if the passenger is under 21 View Hint You aren’t allowed to carry a pillion passenger until you hold a full motorcycle licence. This gives you time to gain riding experience. Even when...

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What may be seriously affected if you overload your motorcycle?

A: The gearbox B: The weather protection C: The handling D: The battery life View Hint Any load will affect the handling of your motorcycle by changing its centre of gravity. When using panniers, spread the weight evenly on each side. Avoid carrying heavy items in a top box, as this could make your steering...

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What should you do before making a U-turn?

A: Give an arm signal as well as using your indicators B: Check road markings to see that U-turns are permitted C: Look over your shoulder for a final check D: Select a higher gear than normal View Hint If you have to make a U-turn, slow down and ensure that the road is clear...

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In which of these situations should you avoid overtaking?

A: Just after a bend B: In a one-way street C: On a 30 mph road D: Approaching a dip in the road View Hint As you begin to think about overtaking, ask yourself whether it’s really necessary. If you can’t see well ahead, stay back and wait for a safer place to pull out....

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Your mobile phone rings while you’re travelling. What should you do?

A: Stop immediately B: Answer it immediately C: Ignore it D: Pull up at the nearest kerb View Hint It’s illegal to use a hand-held mobile or similar device when driving or riding, except in a genuine emergency. The safest option is to switch off your mobile phone before you set off, and use a...

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What should you do when you’re approaching traffic lights that have been on green for some time?

A: Accelerate hard B: Maintain your speed C: Be ready to stop D: Brake hard View Hint The longer traffic lights have been on green, the sooner they’ll change. Allow for this as you approach traffic lights that you know have been on green for a while. They’re likely to change soon, so you should...

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What should you do before stopping?

A: Sound the horn B: Use the mirrors C: Select a higher gear D: Flash the headlights View Hint Before pulling up, check the mirrors to see what’s happening behind you. Also assess what’s ahead and make sure you give the correct signal if it will help other road users. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re following a large vehicle. Why should you stay a safe distance behind it?

A: You'll be able to corner more quickly B: You'll help the large vehicle to stop more easily C: You will allow the driver to see you in their mirrors D: You'll keep out of the wind better View Hint If you’re following a large vehicle but are so close to it that you can’t...

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When you see a hazard ahead, you should use the mirrors. Why is this?

A: Because you'll need to accelerate out of danger B: To assess how your actions will affect following traffic C: Because you'll need to brake sharply to a stop D: To check what's happening on the road ahead View Hint You should be constantly scanning the road for clues about what’s going to happen next....

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What may happen if you hang objects from your interior mirror?

A: Your view could be obstructed B: Your sun visor might get tangled C: Your radio reception might be affected D: Your windscreen would mist up View Hint Ensure that you can see clearly through the windscreen of your vehicle. Stickers or hanging objects could obstruct your view or draw your attention away from the...

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You’re waiting to turn right at the end of a road. Your view is obstructed by parked vehicles. What should you do?

A: Stop and then move forward slowly and carefully for a clear view B: Move quickly to where you can see so you only block traffic from one direction C: Wait for a pedestrian to let you know when it's safe for you to emerge D: Turn your vehicle around immediately and find another junction...

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You’re on a long motorway journey. What should you do if you start to feel sleepy?

A: Play some loud music B: Stop on the hard shoulder for a rest C: Drive faster to complete your journey sooner D: Leave the motorway and stop in a safe place View Hint If you feel sleepy, you should leave the motorway at a service area or at the next exit and stop in...

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Why should you switch your lights on when it first starts to get dark?

A: To make your dials easier to see B: So others can see you more easily C: So that you blend in with other drivers D: Because the street lights are lit View Hint Your headlights and tail lights help others on the road to see you. It may be necessary to turn on your...

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What’s most likely to distract you while you’re driving?

A: Using a mobile phone B: Using the windscreen wipers C: Using the demisters D: Checking the mirrors View Hint It’s easy to be distracted. Planning your journey before you set off is important. A few sensible precautions are to tune your radio to stations in your area of travel, take planned breaks, and plan...

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You’re driving on a wet road. You have to stop your vehicle in an emergency. What should you do?

A: Apply the handbrake and footbrake together B: Keep both hands on the steering wheel C: Select reverse gear D: Give an arm signal View Hint As you drive, look well ahead and all around so that you’re ready for any hazards that might develop. If you have to stop in an emergency, react as...

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When may you use a hand-held mobile phone in your car?

A: When receiving a call B: When suitably parked C: When driving at less than 30 mph D: When driving an automatic vehicle View Hint It’s illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving, except in a genuine emergency. Even using a hands-free kit can distract your attention. Park in a safe and convenient...

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What should you do when moving off from behind a parked car?

A: Give a signal after moving off B: Check both interior and exterior mirrors C: Look around after moving off D: Use the exterior mirrors only View Hint Before moving off, you should use both the interior and exterior mirrors to check that the road is clear. Look around to check the blind spots and,...

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Your vehicle is fitted with a hand-held telephone. What should you do to use the phone?

A: Reduce your speed B: Find a safe place to stop C: Steer the vehicle with one hand D: Be particularly careful at junctions View Hint Never attempt to use a hand-held phone while you’re driving, except in a genuine emergency. It’s illegal and will take your attention away from driving, putting you at greater...

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You lose your way on a busy road. What’s the best action to take?

A: Stop at traffic lights and ask pedestrians B: Shout to other drivers to ask them the way C: Turn into a side road, stop and check a map D: Check a map, and keep going with the traffic flow View Hint It’s easy to lose your way in an unfamiliar area. If you need...

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When do windscreen pillars cause a serious obstruction to your view?

A: When you're driving on a motorway B: When you're driving on a dual carriageway C: When you're approaching a one-way street D: When you are approaching bends and junctions View Hint Windscreen pillars can obstruct your view, particularly at bends and junctions. Look out for other road users – especially cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians...

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You can’t see clearly behind when reversing. What should you do?

A: Open the window to look behind B: Open the door to look behind C: Look in the nearside mirror D: Ask someone to guide you View Hint If you want to turn your car around, try to find a place where you have good all-round vision. If this isn’t possible, and you’re unable to...

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What does the term ‘blind spot’ mean?

A: An area covered by your right-hand mirror B: An area not covered by your headlights C: An area covered by your left-hand mirror D: An area not visible to the driver View Hint Modern vehicles provide the driver with a good view of both the road ahead and behind using well-positioned mirrors. However, the...

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What’s likely to happen if you use a hands-free phone while you’re driving?

A: It will improve your safety B: It will increase your concentration C: It will reduce your view D: It will divert your attention View Hint Talking to someone while you’re driving can distract you and, unlike someone in the car with you, the person on the other end of a mobile phone is unable...

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You’re turning right onto a dual carriageway. What should you do before emerging?

A: Stop, apply the handbrake and then select a low gear B: Position your vehicle well to the left of the side road C: Check that the central reservation is wide enough for your vehicle D: Make sure that you leave enough room for a vehicle behind View Hint Before emerging right onto a dual...

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How should you use a satellite navigation system so that it doesn’t distract you when you’re driving?

A: Turn it off while driving in built-up areas B: Choose a voice that you find calming C: Only set the destination when you're lost D: Stop in a safe place before programming the system View Hint Vehicle navigation systems can be useful when driving on unfamiliar routes. However, they can also distract you and...

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Why should you never wave people across at pedestrian crossings?

A: Another vehicle may be coming B: They may not be looking C: It's safer for you to carry on D: They may not be ready to cross View Hint If people are waiting to use a pedestrian crossing, slow down and be prepared to stop. Don’t wave them across the road, because another driver...

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What does ‘tailgating’ mean?

A: Using the rear door of a hatchback car B: Reversing into a parking space C: Following another vehicle too closely D: Driving with rear fog lights on View Hint ‘Tailgating’ is the term used when a driver or rider follows the vehicle in front too closely. It’s dangerous because it restricts their view of...

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What’s the minimum time gap you should leave when following a vehicle on a wet road?

A: One second B: Two seconds C: Three seconds D: Four seconds View Hint Water will reduce your tyres’ grip on the road. The safe separation gap of at least two seconds in dry conditions should be doubled, to at least four seconds, in wet weather. Next Theory Test Question -->

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A long, heavily laden lorry is taking a long time to overtake you. What should you do?

A: Speed up B: Slow down C: Hold your speed D: Change direction View Hint A long lorry with a heavy load will need more time to pass you than a car, especially on an uphill stretch of road. Slow down and allow the lorry to pass. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re being followed by an ambulance showing flashing blue lights. What should you do?

A: Pull over as soon as it is safe to do so B: Accelerate hard to get away from it C: Maintain your speed and course D: Brake harshly and stop well out into the road View Hint Pull over in a place where the ambulance can pass safely. Check that there are no bollards...

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On a road where trams operate, which of these vehicles will be most at risk from the tram rails?

A: Cars B: Cycles C: Buses D: Lorries View Hint The narrow wheels of a bicycle can become stuck in the tram rails, causing the cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even lose balance altogether. The tram lines are also slippery, which could cause a cyclist to slide or fall off. Next Theory Test Question...

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What should you use your horn for?

A: To alert others to your presence B: To allow you right of way C: To greet other road users D: To signal your annoyance View Hint Your horn mustn’t be used between 11.30 pm and 7 am in a built-up area or when you’re stationary, unless a moving vehicle poses a danger. Its function...

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You’re in a one-way street and want to turn right. There are two lanes. Where should you position your vehicle?

A: In the right-hand lane B: In the left-hand lane C: In either lane, depending on the traffic D: Just left of the centre line View Hint When you’re in a one-way street and want to turn right, you should take up a position in the right-hand lane. This will allow other road users, not...

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You wish to turn right ahead. Why should you take up the correct position in good time?

A: To allow other drivers to pull out in front of you B: To give a better view into the road that you’re joining C: To help other road users know what you intend to do D: To allow drivers to pass you on the right View Hint If you wish to turn right into...

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At which type of crossing are cyclists allowed to ride across with pedestrians?

A: Toucan B: Puffin C: Pelican D: Zebra View Hint A toucan crossing is designed to allow pedestrians and cyclists to cross at the same time. Look out for cyclists approaching the crossing at speed. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When should you flash your headlights at other road users?

A: When showing that you're giving way B: When showing that you're about to turn C: When telling them that you have right of way D: When letting them know that you are there View Hint You should only flash your headlights to warn others of your presence. Don’t use them to greet others, show...

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You’re approaching an unmarked crossroads. How should you deal with this type of junction?

A: Accelerate and keep to the middle B: Slow down and keep to the right C: Accelerate and look to the left D: Slow down and look both ways View Hint Be cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls, large vehicles, etc. In the summer months, these junctions can become more...

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The conditions are good and dry. When should you use the ‘two-second rule’?

A: Before restarting the engine after it has stalled B: When checking your gap from the vehicle in front C: Before using the ‘Mirrors – Signal – Manoeuvre’ routine D: When traffic lights change to green View Hint In good conditions, the ‘two-second rule’ can be used to check the distance between your vehicle and...

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You’re in a line of traffic. The driver behind you is following very closely. What action should you take?

A: Ignore the following driver and continue to travel within the speed limit B: Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front C: Signal left and wave the following driver past D: Move over to a position just left of the centre line of the road View Hint If the...

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You’re driving on a clear night. There’s a steady stream of oncoming traffic. The national speed limit applies. Which lights should you use?

A: Full-beam headlights B: Sidelights C: Dipped headlights D: Fog lights View Hint Use the full-beam headlights only when you can be sure that you won’t dazzle other road users. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re driving behind a large goods vehicle. What should you do if it signals left but steers to the right?

A: Slow down and let the vehicle turn B: Drive on, keeping to the left C: Overtake on the right of it D: Hold your speed and sound your horn View Hint Large, long vehicles need extra room when making turns at junctions. They may move out to the right in order to make a...

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You’re waiting in a traffic queue at night. How can you avoid dazzling drivers behind you?

A: Use the parking brake only B: Use the footbrake only C: Use the clutch with the accelerator D: Use the parking brake with the footbrake View Hint In queuing traffic, your brake lights can dazzle drivers behind you. If you apply your parking brake, you can take your foot off the footbrake. This will...

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You’re driving in traffic at the speed limit for the road. What should you do if the driver behind is trying to overtake?

A: Move closer to the car ahead, so the driver behind has no room to overtake B: Wave the driver behind to overtake when it's safe C: Keep a steady course and allow the driver behind to overtake D: Accelerate to get away from the driver behind View Hint Keep a steady course to give...

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What should you do when a person herding sheep asks you to stop?

A: Ignore them as they have no authority B: Stop and switch off your engine C: Continue on but drive slowly D: Try to get past quickly View Hint If someone in charge of animals asks you to stop, you should do so and switch off your engine. Animals are unpredictable and startle easily; they...

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What should you do when you’re overtaking a horse and rider?

A: Sound your horn as a warning B: Go past as quickly as possible C: Flash your headlights as a warning D: Go past slowly and carefully View Hint Horses can be startled by the sound of a car engine or the rush of air caused by a vehicle passing too closely. Keep well back...

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You’re approaching a zebra crossing. Pedestrians are waiting to cross. What should you do?

A: Give way to the elderly and infirm only B: Slow down and prepare to stop C: Use your headlights to indicate they can cross D: Wave at them to cross the road View Hint As you approach a zebra crossing, look for pedestrians waiting to cross. Where you can see them, slow down and...

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A vehicle pulls out in front of you at a junction. What should you do?

A: Swerve past it and sound your horn B: Flash your headlights and drive up close behind C: Slow down and be ready to stop D: Accelerate past it immediately View Hint Try to be ready for the unexpected. Plan ahead and learn to anticipate hazards. You’ll then give yourself more time to react to...

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You’re approaching a red light at a puffin crossing. Pedestrians are on the crossing. When will the red light change?

A: When you start to edge forward onto the crossing B: When the pedestrians have cleared the crossing C: When the pedestrians push the button on the far side of the crossing D: When a driver from the opposite direction reaches the crossing View Hint A sensor will automatically detect that the pedestrians have reached...

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You’re driving at night on an unlit road, following another vehicle. What should you do?

A: Flash your headlights B: Use dipped headlights C: Switch off your headlights D: Use full-beam headlights View Hint If you follow another vehicle with your headlights on full beam, they could dazzle the driver. Leave a safe distance and make sure that the light from your dipped beam falls short of the vehicle in...

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You’re driving a slow-moving vehicle on a narrow, winding road. What should you do?

A: Keep well out to stop vehicles overtaking dangerously B: Wave following vehicles past you if you think they can overtake quickly C: Pull in when you can, to let following vehicles overtake D: Give a left signal when it's safe for vehicles to overtake you View Hint If you’re driving a slow-moving vehicle along...

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What can a loose filler cap on your diesel fuel tank cause?

A: It can make the engine difficult to start B: It can make the roads slippery for other road users C: It can improve your vehicle’s fuel consumption D: It can increase the level of exhaust emissions View Hint Diesel fuel can spill out if your filler cap isn’t secured properly. This is most likely...

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After refuelling your vehicle, what should you do to avoid spillage?

A: Check that your tank is only three-quarters full B: Check that you've used a locking filler cap C: Check that your fuel gauge is working D: Check that your filler cap is securely fastened View Hint When learning to drive, it’s a good idea to practise filling your car with fuel. Ask your instructor...

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What style of driving causes increased risk to everyone?

A: Considerate B: Defensive C: Competitive D: Responsible View Hint Competitive driving increases the risks to everyone and is the opposite of responsible, considerate and defensive driving. Defensive driving is about questioning the actions of other road users and being prepared for the unexpected. Don’t be taken by surprise. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What’s badly affected if the tyres are under-inflated?

A: Braking B: Indicating C: Changing gear D: Parking View Hint Your tyres are your only contact with the road. To prevent problems with braking and steering, keep your tyres free from defects; they must have sufficient tread depth and be correctly inflated. Correct tyre pressures help reduce the risk of skidding and provide a...

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When mustn’t you sound your vehicle’s horn?

A: Between 10.00 pm and 6.00 am in a built-up area B: At any time in a built-up area C: Between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area D: Between 11.30 pm and 6.00 am on any road View Hint Every effort must be made to prevent excessive noise, especially in built-up areas...

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Why have ‘red routes’ been introduced in major cities?

A: To raise the speed limits B: To help the traffic flow C: To provide better parking D: To allow lorries to load more freely View Hint Inconsiderate parking can obstruct the flow of traffic and so make traffic congestion worse. Red routes are designed to prevent this by enforcing strict parking restrictions. Driving slowly...

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What’s the purpose of road humps, chicanes and narrowings?

A: To separate lanes of traffic B: To increase traffic speed C: To allow pedestrians to cross D: To reduce traffic speed View Hint Traffic-calming measures help to keep vehicle speeds low in congested areas where there are pedestrians and children. A pedestrian is much more likely to survive a collision with a vehicle travelling...

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It’s essential that tyre pressures are checked regularly. When should this be done?

A: After any lengthy journey B: After travelling at high speed C: When tyres are hot D: When tyres are cold View Hint Check the tyre pressures when the tyres are cold. This will give you a more accurate reading. The heat generated on a long journey will raise the pressure inside the tyre. Next...

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When will your vehicle use more fuel?

A: When its tyres are under-inflated B: When its tyres are of different makes C: When its tyres are over-inflated D: When its tyres are new View Hint Check your tyre pressures frequently – normally once a week. If they’re lower than those recommended by the manufacturer, there will be more ‘rolling resistance’. The engine...

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How should you dispose of a used vehicle battery?

A: Bury it in your garden B: Put it in the dustbin C: Take it to a local-authority site D: Leave it on waste land View Hint Batteries contain acid, which is hazardous, and they must be disposed of safely. This means taking them to an appropriate disposal site. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What’s most likely to cause high fuel consumption?

A: Poor steering control B: Accelerating around bends C: Staying in high gears D: Harsh braking and accelerating View Hint Accelerating and braking gently and smoothly will help to save fuel and reduce wear on your vehicle. This makes it better for the environment too. Next Theory Test Question -->

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The fluid level in your battery is low. What should you top it up with?

A: Battery acid B: Distilled water C: Engine oil D: Engine coolant View Hint Some modern batteries are maintenance-free. Check your vehicle handbook and, if necessary, make sure that the plates in each battery cell are covered with fluid. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re parked on the road at night. Where must you use parking lights?

A: Where there are continuous white lines in the middle of the road B: Where the speed limit exceeds 30 mph C: Where you're facing oncoming traffic D: Where you're near a bus stop View Hint When parking at night, park in the direction of the traffic. This will enable other road users to see...

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How can you reduce the environmental harm caused by your motor vehicle?

A: Only use it for short journeys B: Don't service it C: Drive faster than normal D: Keep engine revs low View Hint Engines that burn fossil fuels produce exhaust emissions that are harmful to health. The harder you make the engine work, the more emissions it will produce. Engines also use more fuel and...

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What can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear?

A: A faulty gearbox B: A faulty braking system C: A faulty electrical system D: A faulty exhaust system View Hint If you see that parts of the tread on your tyres are wearing before others, it may indicate a brake, steering or suspension fault. Regular servicing will help to detect faults at an early...

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You need to top up your battery. What level should you fill it to?

A: The top of the battery B: Halfway up the battery C: Just below the cell plates D: Just above the cell plates View Hint Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Before starting a journey, it’s wise to plan your route. How can you do this? Question topic: Car , Safety and your vehicle

A: Look at a map B: Contact your local garage C: Look in your vehicle handbook D: Check your vehicle registration document View Hint Planning your journey before you set out can help to make it much easier and more pleasant, and may help to ease traffic congestion. Look at a map to help you...

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Why is it a good idea to plan your journey to avoid busy times?

A: You will have an easier journey B: You'll have a more stressful journey C: Your journey time will be longer D: It will cause more traffic congestion View Hint No-one likes to spend time in traffic queues. Try to avoid busy times related to school or work travel. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You avoid busy times when travelling. How will this affect your journey?

A: You’re more likely to be held up B: Your journey time will be longer C: You’ll travel a much shorter distance D: You are less likely to be delayed View Hint If possible, avoid the early morning, late afternoon and early evening ‘rush hour’. Doing this should allow you to travel in a more...

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It can be helpful to plan your route before starting a journey. Why should you also plan an alternative route?

A: Your original route may be blocked B: Your maps may have different scales C: You may find you have to pay a congestion charge D: You may get held up by a tractor View Hint It can be frustrating and worrying to find your planned route is blocked by roadworks or diversions. If you’ve...

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You’re making an appointment and will have to travel a long distance. How should you plan for the journey?

A: Allow plenty of time for the trip B: Plan to travel at busy times C: Avoid roads with the national speed limit D: Prevent other drivers from overtaking View Hint Always allow plenty of time for your journey in case of unforeseen problems. Anything can happen; for example, punctures, breakdowns, road closures, diversions and...

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What can rapid acceleration and heavy braking lead to?

A: Reduced pollution B: Increased fuel consumption C: Reduced exhaust emissions D: Increased road safety View Hint Using the controls smoothly can reduce fuel consumption by about 15%, as well as reducing wear and tear on your vehicle. Plan ahead and anticipate changes of speed well in advance. This will reduce the need to accelerate...

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Which of these, if allowed to get low, could cause you to crash?

A: Anti-freeze level B: Brake fluid level C: Battery water level D: Radiator coolant level View Hint You should carry out frequent checks on all fluid levels but particularly brake fluid. As the brake pads or shoes wear down, the brake fluid level will drop. If it drops below the minimum mark on the fluid...

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What can cause excessive or uneven tyre wear?

A: Faults in the gearbox B: Faults in the engine C: Faults in the suspension D: Faults in the exhaust system View Hint Uneven wear on your tyres can be caused by the condition of your vehicle. Having the vehicle serviced regularly will ensure that the brakes, steering, suspension and wheel alignment are maintained in...

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What’s the main cause of brake fade?

A: The brakes overheating B: Air in the brake fluid C: Oil on the brakes D: The brakes out of adjustment View Hint Brakes can overheat and lose efficiency when they’re used continually, such as on a long, steep, downhill stretch of road. Using a lower gear when you drive downhill can help prevent the...

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What should you do if your anti-lock brakes (ABS) warning light stays on?

A: Check the brake-fluid level B: Check the footbrake free play C: Check that the handbrake is released D: Have the brakes checked immediately View Hint Consult the vehicle handbook or a garage before driving the vehicle any further. Only drive to a garage if it’s safe to do so. If you aren’t sure, get...

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It’s important to wear suitable shoes when you’re driving. Why is this?

A: To prevent wear on the pedals B: To maintain control of the pedals C: To enable you to adjust your seat D: To enable you to walk for assistance if you break down View Hint When you’re going to drive, make sure that you’re wearing suitable clothing. Comfortable shoes will ensure that you have...

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What will reduce the risk of neck injury resulting from a collision?

A: An air-sprung seat B: Anti-lock brakes C: A collapsible steering wheel D: A properly adjusted head restraint View Hint If you’re involved in a collision, head restraints will reduce the risk of neck injury. They must be properly adjusted. Make sure they aren’t positioned too low: in a crash, this could cause damage to...

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You’re testing your suspension. You notice that your vehicle keeps bouncing when you press down on the front wing. What does this mean?

A: Worn tyres B: Tyres under-inflated C: Steering wheel not located centrally D: Worn shock absorbers View Hint If you find that your vehicle bounces as you drive around a corner or bend in the road, the shock absorbers might be worn. Press down on the front wing and, if the vehicle continues to bounce,...

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How will a roof rack affect your car’s performance?

A: There will be less wind noise B: The engine will use more oil C: The car will accelerate faster D: Fuel consumption will increase View Hint A roof rack increases your car’s wind resistance. This will cause an increase in fuel consumption, so you should remove it when it isn’t being used. An aerodynamically...

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Which of these makes your tyres illegal?

A: They were bought second-hand B: They have a large, deep cut in the side wall C: They're of different makes D: They have different tread patterns View Hint Your tires may be of different treads and makes. They can even be second-hand, as long as they’re in good condition. They must, however, be intact,...

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You’re carrying two 13-year-old children and their parents in your car. Who’s responsible for seeing that the children wear seat belts?

A: The children’s parents B: You, the driver C: The front-seat passenger D: The children View Hint Seat belts save lives and reduce the risk of injury. If you’re carrying passengers under 14 years old, it’s your responsibility as the driver to ensure that their seat belts are fastened or they’re seated in an approved...

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How can drivers help the environment?

A: By accelerating harshly B: By accelerating gently C: By using leaded fuel D: By driving faster View Hint Rapid acceleration and heavy braking lead to increased • fuel consumption • wear on your vehicle. Having your vehicle serviced regularly will maintain its efficiency, produce cleaner emissions and reduce the risk of a breakdown. Next...

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How can you avoid wasting fuel?

A: By having your vehicle serviced regularly B: By revving the engine in the lower gears C: By keeping an empty roof rack on your vehicle D: By driving at higher speeds where possible View Hint If you don’t have your vehicle serviced regularly, the engine will gradually become less efficient. This will cause increased...

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What could you do to reduce the volume of traffic on the roads?

A: Drive in a bus lane B: Use a car with a smaller engine C: Walk or cycle on short journeys D: Travel by car at all times View Hint Try not to use your car as a matter of routine. For shorter journeys, consider walking or cycling instead – this is much better for...

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What’s most likely to waste fuel?

A: Reducing your speed B: Driving on motorways C: Using different brands of fuel D: Under-inflated tyres View Hint Wasting fuel costs you money and also causes unnecessary pollution. Ensuring your tyres are correctly inflated, avoiding carrying unnecessary weight and removing a roof rack that’s not in use will all help to reduce your fuel...

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What does the law require you to keep in good condition?

A: Gears B: Transmission C: Door locks D: Seat belts View Hint Unless exempt, you and your passengers must wear a seat belt (or suitable child restraint). The seat belts in your car must be in good condition and working properly; they’ll be checked during its MOT test. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Up to how much more fuel will you use by driving at 70 mph, compared with driving at 50 mph?

A: 10% B: 30% C: 75% D: 100% View Hint Your vehicle will use less fuel if you avoid heavy acceleration. The higher the engine revs, the more fuel you’ll use. Using the same gear, and covering the same distance, a vehicle travelling at 70 mph will use up to 30% more fuel than it...

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When you use the brakes, your vehicle pulls to one side. What should you do?

A: Increase the pressure in your tyres B: Have the brakes checked as soon as possible C: Change gear and pump the brake pedal D: Use your parking brake at the same time View Hint The brakes on your vehicle must be effective and properly adjusted. If your vehicle pulls to one side when braking,...

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What will happen if your car’s wheels are unbalanced?

A: The steering will pull to one side B: The steering will vibrate C: The brakes will fail D: The tyres will deflate View Hint If your wheels are out of balance, it will cause the steering to vibrate at certain speeds. This isn’t a fault that will put itself right, so take your vehicle...

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Turning the steering wheel while stationary can cause damage to which part of your car?

A: Gearbox B: Engine C: Brakes D: Tires View Hint Turning the steering wheel when the car isn’t moving is known as dry steering. It can cause unnecessary wear to the tyres and steering mechanism. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You have to leave valuables in your car. What’s the safest thing to do?

A: Put them in a carrier bag B: Park near a school entrance C: Lock them out of sight D: Park near a bus stop View Hint If you have to leave valuables in your car, lock them out of sight. This is the best way to deter an opportunist thief. Next Theory Test Question...

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Which of the following may help to deter a thief from stealing your car?

A: Always keeping the headlights on B: Fitting reflective glass windows C: Always keeping the interior light on D: Etching the registration number on the windows View Hint Having your car registration number etched on all your windows is a cheap and effective way to deter professional car thieves. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Which of the following shouldn’t be kept in your vehicle?

A: The car dealer’s details B: The owner’s manual C: The service record D: The vehicle registration document View Hint Never leave the vehicle registration document inside your car. This document would help a thief to dispose of your car more easily. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do when leaving your vehicle parked and unattended?

A: Park near a busy junction B: Park in a housing estate C: Lock it and remove the key D: Leave the left indicator on View Hint An unlocked car is an open invitation to thieves. Leaving the keys in the ignition not only makes your car easy to steal but could also invalidate your...

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What will improve fuel consumption?

A: Reducing your speed B: Rapid acceleration C: Late and harsh braking D: Driving in lower gears View Hint Harsh braking, frequent gear changes and harsh acceleration increase fuel consumption. An engine uses less fuel when travelling at a constant low speed. You need to look well ahead so you’re able to anticipate hazards early....

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You service your own vehicle. How should you get rid of the old engine oil?

A: Take it to a local-authority site B: Pour it down a drain C: Tip it into a hole in the ground D: Put it in your dustbin View Hint It’s illegal to pour engine oil down any drain. Oil is a pollutant and harmful to wildlife. Dispose of it safely at an authorised site....

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Why do MOT tests include a strict exhaust emission test?

A: To recover the cost of expensive garage equipment B: To help protect the environment against pollution C: To discover which fuel supplier is used the most D: To make sure diesel and petrol engines emit the same fumes View Hint Emission tests are carried out to make sure your vehicle’s engine is operating efficiently....

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How can you reduce the damage your vehicle causes to the environment?

A: Use narrow side streets B: Brake heavily C: Use busy routes D: Anticipate well ahead View Hint By looking well ahead and recognizing hazards in good time, you can avoid late and heavy braking. Watch the traffic flow and look well ahead for potential hazards so you can control your speed in a good...

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What will be the result of having your vehicle properly serviced?

A: Reduced insurance premiums B: Lower vehicle tax C: Better fuel economy D: Slower journey times View Hint All vehicles need to be serviced to keep working efficiently. An efficient engine uses less fuel and produces fewer harmful emissions than an engine that’s running inefficiently. Keeping the vehicle serviced to the manufacturer’s schedule should also...

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When should you especially check the engine oil level?

A: Before a long journey B: When the engine is hot C: Early in the morning D: Every 6000 miles View Hint An engine can use more oil during long journeys than on shorter trips. Insufficient engine oil is potentially dangerous: it can lead to excessive wear, mechanical breakdown and expensive repairs. Most cars have...

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You’re having difficulty finding a parking space in a busy town. You can see there’s space on the zigzag lines of a zebra crossing. Can you park there?

A: No, not unless you stay with your car B: Yes, in order to drop off a passenger C: Yes, if you don't block people from crossing D: No, not under any circumstances View Hint It’s an offence to park on the zigzag lines of a zebra crossing. You’ll be causing an obstruction by obscuring...

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What should you do when you leave your car unattended for a few minutes?

A: Leave the engine running B: Switch the engine off but leave the key in C: Lock it and remove the key D: Park near a traffic warden View Hint Always switch off the engine, remove the key and lock your car, even if you’re only leaving it for a few minutes. Next Theory Test...

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When leaving your vehicle, where should you try to park?

A: Opposite a traffic island B: In a secure car park C: On a bend D: At or near a taxi rank View Hint Whenever possible, leave your car in a secure car park. This will help deter thieves. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Where would parking your vehicle cause an obstruction?

A: Alongside a parking meter B: In front of a property entrance C: On your driveway D: In a marked parking space View Hint Don’t park your vehicle where it may obstruct access to a business or property. Think carefully before you slow down and stop. Look at road markings and signs to ensure that...

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What’s the most important reason for having a properly adjusted head restraint?

A: To make you more comfortable B: To help you avoid neck injury C: To help you relax D: To help you maintain your driving position View Hint In a collision, rapid deceleration will violently throw vehicle occupants forward and then backwards as the vehicle stops. Seat belts and airbags protect occupants against the forward...

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What causes the most damage to the environment?

A: Choosing a fuel-efficient vehicle B: Having your vehicle serviced regularly C: Driving in as high a gear as possible D: Making a lot of short journeys View Hint Avoid using your car for short journeys. On a short journey, the engine is unlikely to warm up fully and will, therefore, be running less efficiently....

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What can people who live or work in towns and cities do to help reduce urban pollution levels?

A: Drive more quickly B: Over-rev in a low gear C: Walk or cycle D: Drive short journeys View Hint Using a vehicle for short journeys means the engine doesn’t have time to reach its normal operating temperature. When an engine is running below its normal operating temperature, it produces increased amounts of pollution. Walking...

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How can you reduce the chances of your car being broken into when leaving it unattended?

A: Take all valuables with you B: Park near a taxi rank C: Place any valuables on the floor D: Park near a fire station View Hint When leaving your car, take all valuables with you if you can. Otherwise, lock them out of sight. Next Theory Test Question -->

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How can you help to prevent your car radio being stolen?

A: Park in an unlit area B: Leave the radio turned on C: Park near a busy junction D: Install a security-coded radio View Hint A security-coded radio can deter thieves, as it’s likely to be of little use when removed from the vehicle. Next Theory Test Question -->

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How can you lessen the risk of your vehicle being broken into at night?

A: Leave it in a well-lit area B: Park in a quiet side road C: Don’t engage the steering lock D: Park in a poorly-lit area View Hint Having your vehicle broken into or stolen can be very distressing and inconvenient. Avoid leaving your vehicle unattended in poorly-lit areas. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Which of these will help you to keep your car secure?

A: Vehicle breakdown organisation B: Vehicle watch scheme C: Advanced driver’s scheme D: Car maintenance class View Hint The vehicle watch scheme helps to reduce the risk of your car being stolen. By displaying high-visibility vehicle watch stickers in your car, you’re inviting the police to stop your vehicle if it’s seen in use between...

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On a vehicle, where would you find a catalytic converter?

A: In the fuel tank B: In the air filter C: On the cooling system D: On the exhaust system View Hint Although carbon dioxide is still produced, a catalytic converter fitted to the exhaust system reduces the toxic and polluting gases by up to 90%. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What can driving smoothly achieve?

A: Reduction in journey times by about 15% B: Increase in fuel consumption by about 15% C: Reduction in fuel consumption by about 15% D: Increase in journey times by about 15% View Hint By driving smoothly, you’ll not only save about 15% of your fuel but will also reduce the amount of wear and...

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Which driving technique can help you save fuel?

A: Using lower gears as often as possible B: Accelerating sharply in each gear C: Using each gear in turn D: Missing out some gears View Hint Missing out intermediate gears, when appropriate, helps to reduce the amount of time spent accelerating and decelerating – the times when your vehicle uses the most fuel. Next...

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How can driving in an ecosafe manner help protect the environment?

A: Through the legal enforcement of speed regulations B: By increasing the number of cars on the road C: Through increased fuel bills D: By reducing exhaust emissions View Hint Ecosafe driving is all about becoming a more environmentally friendly driver. This will make your journeys more comfortable, as well as considerably reducing your fuel...

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Fuel consumption is at its highest when you’re doing what?

A: Braking B: Coasting C: Accelerating D: Steering View Hint Accelerating uses a lot of fuel, so always try to use the accelerator smoothly. Taking your foot off the accelerator allows the momentum of the car to take you forward, especially when going downhill. This can save a considerable amount of fuel without any loss...

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When is it acceptable for a passenger to travel in a car without wearing wearing a seat belt?

A: When they're under 14 years old B: When they're under 1.5 metres (5 feet) in height C: When they're sitting in the rear seat D: When they are exempt for medical reasons View Hint If you have adult passengers, it’s their responsibility to wear a seat belt, but you should still remind them to...

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You’re driving a friend’s children home from school. They’re both under 14 years old. Who’s responsible for making sure they wear a seat belt or approved child restraint where required?

A: An adult passenger B: The children C: You, the driver D: Your friend View Hint Passengers should always be secured and safe. Children should be encouraged to fasten their seat belts or approved restraints themselves from an early age, so that it becomes a matter of routine. As the driver, you must check that...

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You have too much oil in your engine. What could this cause?

A: Low oil pressure B: Engine overheating C: Chain wear D: Oil leaks View Hint Too much oil in the engine will create excess pressure and could damage engine seals and cause oil leaks. Any excess oil should be drained off. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re carrying a five-year-old child in the back seat of your car. They’re under 1.35 metres (4 feet 5 inches) tall. A correct child restraint isn’t available. How should you seat them?

A: Behind the passenger seat B: Using an adult seat belt C: Sharing a belt with an adult D: Between two other children View Hint Usually, a correct child restraint must be used. In cases where one isn’t available, an adult seat belt must be used instead. In a collision, unrestrained objects and people can...

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You’re carrying an 11-year-old child in the back seat of your car. They’re under 1.35 metres (4 feet 5 inches) tall. What must you make sure of?

A: That they sit between two belted people B: That they can fasten their own seat belt C: That a suitable child restraint is available D: That they can see clearly out of the front window View Hint As the driver, it’s your responsibility to make sure that children are secure and safe in your...

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You’re parked at the side of the road. You’ll be waiting some time for a passenger. What should you do?

A: Switch off the engine B: Apply the steering lock C: Switch off the radio D: Use your headlights View Hint If your vehicle is stationary and is likely to remain so for some time, switch off the engine. We should all try to reduce global warming and pollution. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You want to put a rear-facing baby seat on the front passenger seat, which is protected by a frontal airbag. What must you do before setting off?

A: Deactivate the airbag B: Turn the seat to face sideways C: Ask a passenger to hold the baby D: Put the child in an adult seat belt View Hint It’s illegal to fit a rear-facing baby seat into a passenger seat protected by an active frontal airbag. If the airbag activates, it could cause...

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You’re leaving your vehicle parked on a road and unattended. When may you leave the engine running?

A: If you'll be parking for less than five minutes B: If the battery keeps going flat C: When parked in a 20 mph zone D: Never if you are away from the vehicle View Hint When you leave your vehicle parked on a road, switch off the engine and secure the vehicle. Make sure...

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By how much can stopping distances increase in icy conditions?

A: Two times B: Three times C: Five times D: Ten times View Hint Tire grip is greatly reduced in icy conditions. For this reason, you need to allow up to ten times the stopping distance you would allow on dry roads. Next Theory Test Question -->

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In windy conditions, which activity requires extra care?

A: Using the brakes B: Moving off on a hill C: Turning into a narrow road D: Passing pedal cyclists View Hint Always give cyclists plenty of room when overtaking them. You need to give them even more room when it’s windy. A sudden gust could easily blow them off course and into your path....

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You’ve just gone through deep water. What should you do to make sure your brakes are working properly?

A: Accelerate and keep to a high speed for a short time B: Go slowly while gently applying the brakes C: Avoid using the brakes at all for a few miles D: Stop for at least an hour to allow them time to dry View Hint Water on the brakes will act as a lubricant,...

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In very hot weather the road surface can become soft. What will this affect?

A: The suspension B: The exhaust emissions C: The fuel consumption D: The tire grip View Hint If the road surface becomes very hot, it can soften. Tyres are unable to grip a soft surface as well as they can a firm dry one. Take care when cornering and braking. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Where are you most likely to be affected by side winds?

A: On a narrow country lane B: On an open stretch of road C: On a busy stretch of road D: On a long, straight road View Hint In windy conditions, care must be taken on exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can blow you off course. Watch out for other road users who...

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What’s the shortest overall stopping distance on a dry road at 60 mph?

A: 53 metres (175 feet) B: 58 metres (190 feet) C: 73 metres (240 feet) D: 96 metres (315 feet) View Hint This distance is the equivalent of 18 car lengths. Try pacing out 73 metres and then look back. It’s probably further than you think. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re following a vehicle at a safe distance on a wet road. Another driver overtakes you and pulls into the gap you’ve left. What should you do?

A: Flash your headlights as a warning B: Try to overtake safely as soon as you can C: Drop back to regain a safe distance D: Stay close to the other vehicle until it moves on View Hint Wet weather will affect the time it takes for you to stop and can affect your control....

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You’re travelling at 50 mph on a good, dry road. What’s your typical overall stopping distance?

A: 36 metres (118 feet) B: 53 metres (175 feet) C: 75 metres (245 feet) D: 96 metres (315 feet) View Hint Even in good conditions, it will usually take you further than you think to stop. Don’t just learn the figures; make sure you understand how far the distance is. Next Theory Test Question

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You’re on a good, dry road surface. Your brakes and tyres are good. What’s the typical overall stopping distance at 40 mph?

A: 23 metres (75 feet) B: 36 metres (118 feet) C: 53 metres (175 feet) D: 96 metres (315 feet) View Hint Stopping distances are affected by a number of variables. These include the type, model and condition of your vehicle, the road and weather conditions, and your reaction time. Look well ahead for hazards...

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What should you do when overtaking a motorcyclist in strong winds?

A: Pass closely B: Pass very slowly C: Pass wide D: Pass immediately View Hint In strong winds, riders of two-wheeled vehicles are particularly vulnerable. When you overtake them, allow plenty of room. Always check to the left as you pass. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Overall stopping distance is made up of thinking distance and braking distance. You’re on a good, dry road surface, with good brakes and tyres. What’s the typical braking distance from 50 mph?

A: 14 metres (46 feet) B: 24 metres (80 feet) C: 38 metres (125 feet) D: 55 metres (180 feet) View Hint Be aware that this is just the braking distance. You need to add the thinking distance to this to give the overall stopping distance. At 50 mph, the typical thinking distance will be

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You’re following other vehicles in fog. You have your lights on. What else can you do to reduce the chances of being in a collision?

A: Keep close to the vehicle in front B: Use your main beam instead of dipped headlights C: Keep up with the faster vehicles D: Reduce your speed and increase the gap in front View Hint When it’s foggy, use dipped headlights. This will help you see and be seen by other road users. If...

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You’re using a contraflow system. What should you do?

A: Choose an appropriate lane in good time B: Switch lanes at any time to make progress C: Increase speed to pass through quickly D: Follow other motorists closely to avoid long queues View Hint In a contraflow system, you’ll be travelling close to oncoming traffic and sometimes in narrow lanes. You should get into...

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You’re driving on an icy road. How can you avoid wheelspin?

A: Drive at a slow speed in as high a gear as possible B: Use the handbrake if the wheels start to slip C: Brake gently and repeatedly D: Drive in a low gear at all times View Hint If you’re travelling on an icy road, extra caution will be required to avoid loss of...

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What’s the main cause of skidding?

A: The weather B: The driver C: The vehicle D: The road View Hint Skidding is usually caused by driver error. You should always adjust your driving to take account of the road and weather conditions. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re driving in freezing conditions. What should you do when approaching a sharp bend?

A: Coast into the bend B: Gently apply your handbrake C: Firmly use your footbrake D: Slow down before you reach the bend View Hint Harsh use of the accelerator, brakes or steering is likely to lead to skidding, especially on slippery surfaces. Avoid steering and braking at the same time. In icy conditions it’s...

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You’re turning left on a slippery road. What should you do if the back of your vehicle slides to the right?

A: Brake firmly and don't turn the steering wheel B: Steer carefully to the left C: Steer carefully to the right D: Brake firmly and steer to the left View Hint To correct a skid, you need to steer into it. However, be careful not to overcorrect with too much steering, as this may cause...

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What should you clear of ice and snow before starting a journey in freezing weather?

A: The aerial B: The windows C: The bumper D: The boot View Hint Driving in bad weather increases your risk of having a collision. If you absolutely have to travel, clear your lights, mirrors, number plates and windows of any snow or ice, so that you can see and be seen. Next Theory Test...

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What will help when you’re trying to move off on snow?

A: Use the car's lowest gear B: Use a higher gear than normal C: Use a high engine speed D: Use the handbrake and footbrake together View Hint If you attempt to move off in a low gear, there will be more torque (turning force) at the driven wheels than if you use a higher...

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What should you do when you’re driving in snowy conditions?

A: Brake firmly and quickly B: Be ready to steer sharply C: Use sidelights only D: Brake gently in plenty of time View Hint In snowy conditions, be careful with the steering, accelerator and brakes. Braking sharply while you’re driving on snow is likely to make your car skid. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What’s the main benefit of driving a four-wheel-drive vehicle?

A: Improved grip on the road B: Lower fuel consumption C: Shorter stopping distances D: Improved passenger comfort View Hint By driving all four wheels, the vehicle has maximum grip on the road. This grip is especially helpful when travelling on slippery or uneven surfaces. However, having four-wheel drive doesn’t replace the skills you need...

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You’re about to go down a steep hill. What should you do to control the speed of your vehicle?

A: Select a high gear and use the brakes carefully B: Select a high gear and use the brakes firmly C: Select a low gear and use the brakes carefully D: Select a low gear and avoid using the brakes View Hint When driving down a steep hill, gravity will cause your vehicle to speed...

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What should you do when parking your vehicle facing downhill?

A: Turn the steering wheel towards the kerb B: Park close to the bumper of another car C: Park with two wheels on the kerb D: Turn the steering wheel away from the kerb View Hint Turning the wheels towards the kerb will allow them to act as a chock, preventing any forward movement of...

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Anti-lock brakes reduce the chances of skidding. When is this particularly important?

A: When you're driving down steep hills B: When you're braking during normal driving C: When you are braking in an emergency D: When you're driving on good road surfaces View Hint The anti-lock braking system (ABS) will operate when the brakes have been applied harshly and the wheels are about to lock, such as...

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On what type of road surface may anti-lock brakes not work effectively?

A: Dry B: Loose C: Firm D: Smooth View Hint Poor contact with the road surface could cause one or more of the tyres to lose grip on the road. This is more likely to happen when braking in poor weather conditions and when the road has a loose, slippery or uneven surface. Next Theory...

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When are anti-lock brakes of most use to you?

A: When you’re braking gently B: When you’re braking on rural roads C: When you’re braking harshly D: When you’re braking on a motorway View Hint Anti-lock brakes won’t be needed when you’re braking normally. Looking well down the road and anticipating possible hazards could prevent you from having to brake late and harshly. Knowing...

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What does driving a vehicle with anti-lock brakes allow you to do?

A: Brake harder because it's impossible to skid B: Drive at higher speeds C: Steer and brake harshly at the same time D: Pay less attention to the road ahead View Hint If the wheels of your vehicle lock, they won’t grip the road and you’ll lose steering control. In good conditions, the anti-lock braking...

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You’re driving a vehicle that has anti-lock brakes. How should you apply the footbrake when you need to stop in an emergency?

A: Slowly and gently B: Slowly but firmly C: Rapidly and gently D: Rapidly and firmly View Hint You may have to stop in an emergency due to a misjudgement by another driver or a hazard arising suddenly, such as a child running out into the road. If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, you should...

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In which conditions are your anti-lock brakes most unlikely to prevent skidding?

A: In foggy conditions B: At night on unlit roads C: On loose road surfaces D: On dry tarmac View Hint Anti-lock brakes may be ineffective on gravel or loose surfaces. They may also be ineffective in very wet weather, when water can build up between the tyre and the road surface; this is known...

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What would suggest you’re driving on ice?

A: There's less wind noise B: There is less tire noise C: There's less transmission noise D: There's less engine noise View Hint Drive extremely carefully when the roads are icy. When travelling on ice, tyres make virtually no noise and the steering feels light and unresponsive. In icy conditions, be very gentle when braking,...

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You’re driving along a wet road. How can you tell if your vehicle’s tyres are losing their grip on the surface?

A: The engine will stall B: The steering will feel very heavy C: The engine noise will increase D: The steering will feel very light View Hint If you drive at speed in very wet conditions, your steering may suddenly feel lighter than usual. This means that the tyres have lifted off the surface of...

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In which conditions will your overall stopping distance increase?

A: In the rain B: In fog C: At night D: In strong winds View Hint Extra care should be taken in wet weather. On wet roads, your stopping distance could be double that in dry conditions. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re driving on an open road in dry weather. What should the distance be between you and the vehicle in front?

A: A two-second time gap B: One car length C: Two metres (6 feet 6 inches) D: Two car lengths View Hint One way of checking there’s a safe distance between you and the vehicle in front is to use the two-second rule. To check for a two-second time gap, choose a stationary object ahead,...

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How can you use your vehicle’s engine as a brake?

A: By changing to a lower gear B: By selecting reverse gear C: By changing to a higher gear D: By selecting neutral gear View Hint When driving on downhill stretches of road, selecting a lower gear gives increased engine braking. This will prevent excessive use of the brakes, which become less effective if they...

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When will anti-lock brakes take effect?

A: When you don't brake quickly enough B: When the wheels are about to lock C: When you haven't seen a hazard ahead D: When you're speeding on a slippery road surface View Hint If your car is fitted with anti-lock brakes, they’ll only activate when they sense that the wheels are about to lock....

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You’re driving on a wet motorway with surface spray. What lights should you use?

A: Hazard warning lights B: Dipped headlights C: Rear fog lights D: Sidelights View Hint When surface spray reduces visibility, switch on your dipped headlights. This will help other road users to see you. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What can result when you travel for long distances in neutral (known as coasting)?

A: Improvement in control B: Easier steering C: Reduction in control D: Increased fuel consumption View Hint Coasting is the term used when the clutch is held down, or the gear lever is in neutral, and the vehicle is allowed to freewheel. This reduces the driver’s control of the vehicle. When you coast, the engine...

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What should you do when driving in fog?

A: Use sidelights only B: Position close to the centre line C: Allow more time for your journey D: Keep close to the car in front View Hint Don’t venture out if your journey isn’t necessary. If you have to travel and someone is expecting you at the other end, let them know that you’ll...

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A driver pulls out of a side road in front of you, causing you to brake hard. What should you do?

A: Ignore the error and stay calm B: Flash your lights to show your annoyance C: Sound your horn to show your annoyance D: Overtake as soon as possible View Hint Be tolerant if a vehicle emerges and you have to brake quickly. Anyone can make a mistake, so don’t react aggressively. Be alert where...

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How would age affect an elderly person’s driving ability?

A: They won't be able to obtain car insurance B: They'll need glasses to read road signs C: They will take longer to react to hazards D: They won't signal at junctions View Hint Be tolerant of older drivers. They may take longer to react to a hazard and they may be hesitant in some...

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You’re planning a long journey. Do you need to plan rest stops?

A: Yes, you should plan to stop every half an hour B: Yes, regular stops help concentration C: No, you’ll be less tired if you get there as soon as possible D: No, only fuel stops will be needed View Hint Try to plan your journey so that you can take rest stops. It’s recommended...

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You’re approaching a crossroads. The traffic lights have failed. What should you do?

A: Brake and stop only for large vehicles B: Brake sharply to a stop before looking C: Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop D: Be prepared to stop for any traffic View Hint When approaching a junction where the traffic lights have failed, you should proceed with caution. Treat the situation as an...

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You’re following a slower-moving vehicle on a narrow country road. There’s a junction just ahead on the right. What should you do?

A: Overtake after checking your mirrors and signalling B: Only consider overtaking when you are past the junction C: Accelerate quickly to pass before the junction D: Slow down and prepare to overtake on the left View Hint You should never overtake as you approach a junction. If a vehicle emerged from the junction while...

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Why are mirrors often slightly curved (convex)?

A: They give a wider field of vision B: They totally cover blind spots C: They make it easier to judge the speed of following traffic D: They make following traffic look bigger View Hint Although a convex mirror gives a wide view of the scene behind, you should be aware that it won’t show...

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You think the driver of the vehicle in front has forgotten to cancel their right indicator. What should you do?

A: Flash your lights to alert the driver B: Sound your horn before overtaking C: Overtake on the left if there's room D: Stay behind and do not overtake View Hint Be cautious and don’t attempt to overtake. The driver may be unsure of the location of a junction and may turn suddenly. Next Theory...

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A driver’s behaviour has upset you. What can you do to safely get over this incident?

A: Stop and take a break B: Shout abusive language C: Gesture to them with your hand D: Follow them, flashing your headlights View Hint If you feel yourself becoming tense or upset, stop in a safe place and take a break. Tiredness can make things worse and may cause a different reaction to upsetting...

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How should you drive in areas with traffic-calming measures?

A: At a reduced speed B: At the speed limit C: In the centre of the road D: With headlights on dipped beam View Hint Traffic-calming measures such as road humps, chicanes and narrowings are intended to slow drivers down to protect vulnerable road users. Don’t speed up until you reach the end of the...

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Why are place names painted on the road surface?

A: To restrict the flow of traffic B: To warn you of oncoming traffic C: To enable you to change lanes early D: To prevent you changing lanes View Hint The names of towns and cities may be painted on the road at busy junctions and complex road systems. Their purpose is to let you...

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Some two-way roads are divided into three lanes. Why are these particularly dangerous?

A: Traffic in both directions can use the middle lane to overtake B: Traffic can travel faster in poor weather conditions C: Traffic can overtake on the left D: Traffic uses the middle lane for emergencies only View Hint If you intend to overtake, you must consider that approaching traffic could be planning the same...

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You’re on a dual carriageway. Ahead, you see a vehicle with an amber flashing light. What could this be?

A: An ambulance B: A fire engine C: A doctor on call D: A disabled person’s vehicle View Hint An amber flashing light on a vehicle indicates that it’s slow-moving. Battery-powered vehicles used by disabled people are limited to 8 mph. It isn’t advisable for them to be used on dual carriageways where the speed...

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Where shouldn’t you overtake?

A: On a single carriageway B: On a one-way street C: Approaching a junction D: Travelling up a long hill View Hint You should overtake only when it’s really necessary and you can see it’s clear ahead. Look out for road signs and markings that show it’s illegal or would be unsafe to overtake; for...

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What’s an effect of drinking alcohol?

A: Poor judgement of speed B: A loss of confidence C: Faster reactions D: Greater awareness of danger View Hint Alcohol will severely reduce your ability to drive or ride safely and there are serious consequences if you’re caught over the drink-drive limit. It’s known that alcohol can • affect your judgement • cause overconfidence...

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What does the solid white line at the side of the road indicate?

A: Traffic lights ahead B: Edge of the carriageway C: Footpath on the left D: Cycle path View Hint The continuous white line shows the edge of the carriageway. It can be especially useful when visibility is restricted, such as at night or in bad weather. It’s discontinued in some places; for example, at junctions,...

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You’ve been convicted of driving while unfit through drink or drugs. You’ll find this is likely to cause the cost of one of the following to rise considerably. Which one?

A: Road fund licence B: Insurance premiums C: Vehicle test certificate D: Driving licence View Hint You’ve shown that you’re a risk to yourself and others on the road. For this reason, insurance companies may charge you a higher premium. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What advice should you give to a driver who has had a few alcoholic drinks at a party?

A: Have a strong cup of coffee and then drive home B: Drive home carefully and slowly C: Go home by public transport D: Wait a short while and then drive home View Hint Drinking black coffee or waiting a few hours won’t make any difference. Alcohol takes time to leave the body. A driver...

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You’ve been taking medicine that causes drowsiness. You begin to feel better, but you still need to take the medicine. What should you do about driving?

A: Only drive if your journey is necessary B: Drive on quiet roads C: Ask someone to come with you D: Avoid driving and check with your doctor View Hint You aren’t fit to drive if you’re taking medicine that makes you drowsy. Check with your doctor if you’re unsure. You mustn’t put other road...

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You’re about to drive home from holiday when you become ill. A doctor prescribes drugs that are likely to affect your driving. What should you do?

A: Only drive if someone is with you B: Avoid driving on motorways C: Get someone else to drive D: Never drive at more than 30 mph View Hint You shouldn’t drive if you’re taking medicine that could cause you to feel drowsy at the wheel. Ask someone else to drive or, if that isn’t...

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During periods of illness, your ability to drive may be impaired. What must you do?

A: See your doctor each time before you drive B: Take smaller doses of any medicines C: Make sure you are medically fit to drive D: Take all your medicines with you when you drive View Hint Only drive if you’re fit to do so. Driving when you’re ill or taking some medicines can affect...

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What should you do if you begin to feel drowsy while you’re driving?

A: Stop and rest as soon as possible B: Turn the heater up to keep you warm and comfortable C: Close the car windows to help you concentrate D: Continue with your journey but drive more slowly View Hint You’ll be putting other road users at risk if you continue to drive when you’re drowsy....

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What should you do if you become tired while you’re driving on a motorway?

A: Pull up on the hard shoulder and change drivers B: Leave the motorway at the next exit and rest C: Increase your speed and turn up the radio volume D: Close all your windows and set the heating to warm View Hint If you feel yourself becoming tired or sleepy, you should leave the...

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You take some cough medicine given to you by a friend. What should you do before driving?

A: Ask your friend if taking the medicine affected their driving B: Drink some strong coffee one hour before driving C: Check the label to see if the medicine will affect your driving D: Drive a short distance to see if the medicine is affecting your driving View Hint If you’ve taken medicine, never drive...

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You take the wrong route and find you’re on a one-way street. What should you do?

A: Reverse out of the road B: Turn around in a side road C: Continue to the end of the road D: Reverse into a driveway View Hint Never reverse or turn your vehicle around in a one-way street. It’s illegal and could even cause a collision. If you’ve taken a wrong turn, carry on...

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You’re about to drive home. You feel very tired and have a severe headache. What should you do?

A: Wait until you are fit and well before driving B: Drive home, but take a tablet for headaches C: Drive home if you can stay awake for the journey D: Wait for a short time, then drive home slowly View Hint All of your concentration should be on your driving. Any pain you feel...

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You’re driving on a long journey. What can you do to help prevent tiredness?

A: Eat a large meal before driving B: Take regular refreshment breaks C: Play loud music in the car D: Complete the journey without stopping View Hint Long-distance driving can be boring. This, coupled with a stuffy, warm vehicle, can make you feel tired and sleepy. Make sure you take rest breaks to help you...

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What will be a serious distraction from driving?

A: Looking at road maps B: Switching on your demister C: Using your windscreen washers D: Looking in your door mirror View Hint Looking at road maps while driving is very dangerous. If you aren’t sure of your route, stop in a safe place and check the map. You must not allow anything to take...

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You’ve been involved in an argument that has made you feel angry. What should you do before starting your journey?

A: Open a window B: Turn on your radio C: Have an alcoholic drink D: Calm down View Hint If you’re feeling upset or angry, you’ll find it much more difficult to concentrate on your driving. You should wait until you’ve calmed down before starting a journey. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re about to drive home. You can’t find the glasses you need to wear. What should you do?

A: Drive home slowly, keeping to quiet roads B: Borrow a friend’s glasses and use those C: Drive home at night, so that the lights will help you D: Find a way of getting home without driving View Hint If you need to wear glasses for driving, it’s illegal to drive without them. You must...

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What’s a common effect of drinking alcohol?

A: Colour blindness B: Increased confidence C: Faster reactions D: Increased concentration View Hint Alcohol can increase confidence to a point where a driver’s behaviour might become ‘out of character’. Someone who normally behaves sensibly might suddenly enjoy taking risks. Never let yourself or your friends get into this situation. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Your doctor has given you a course of medicine. Why should you ask how it will affect you?

A: Drugs make you a better driver by quickening your reactions B: You'll have to let your insurance company know about the medicine C: Some types of medicine can cause your reactions to slow down D: The medicine you take may affect your hearing View Hint Always check the label or information leaflet for any...

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You find that you need glasses to read vehicle number plates at the required distance. When must you wear them?

A: Only in bad weather conditions B: At all times when driving C: Only when you think it's necessary D: Only in bad light or at night time View Hint Have your eyesight tested before you start your practical training. Then, throughout your driving life, have checks periodically, as your vision may change. Next Theory...

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Which of the following types of glasses shouldn’t be worn when driving at night?

A: Half-moon B: Round C: Bifocal D: Tinted View Hint If you’re driving at night or in poor visibility, tinted lenses will reduce the efficiency of your vision by reducing the amount of light reaching your eyes. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What can seriously affect your ability to concentrate?

A: Drugs B: Busy roads C: Tinted windows D: Contact lenses View Hint Both recreational drugs and prescribed medicine can affect your concentration. It’s also now an offence to drive with certain drugs in your body and a positive test could lead to a conviction. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You find that your eyesight has become very poor and your optician cannot help you. By law, who should you tell?

A: The driver licensing authority B: Your own doctor C: The local police D: Another optician View Hint Having very poor eyesight will have a serious effect on your ability to drive safely. If you can’t meet the driver’s eyesight requirements, you must tell DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland). Next Theory Test Question -->

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When should you use hazard warning lights?

A: When you're double-parked on a two-way road B: When your direction indicators aren't working C: When warning oncoming traffic that you intend to stop D: When your vehicle has broken down and is causing an obstruction View Hint Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature and should be used if you’ve broken down...

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When driving a car fitted with automatic transmission, what would you use ‘kick down’ for?

A: Cruise control B: Quick acceleration C: Slow braking D: Fuel economy View Hint ‘Kick down’ selects a lower gear, enabling the vehicle to accelerate faster. Next Theory Test Question -->

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In which circumstances may you use hazard warning lights?

A: When driving on a motorway to warn traffic behind of a hazard ahead B: When you're double-parked on a two-way road C: When your direction indicators aren't working D: When warning oncoming traffic that you intend to stop View Hint Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature. Use them when driving on a...

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You’re waiting to emerge at a junction. Your view is restricted by parked vehicles. What can help you to see traffic on the road you’re joining?

A: Looking for traffic behind you B: Reflections of traffic in shop windows C: Making eye contact with other road users D: Checking for traffic in your interior mirror View Hint You must be completely sure it’s safe to emerge. Try to look for traffic through the windows of the parked cars or in the...

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After passing your driving test, you suffer from ill health. This affects your driving. What must you do?

A: Inform your local police B: Avoid using motorways C: Always drive accompanied D: Inform the licensing authority View Hint You must tell DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland) if your health is likely to affect your ability to drive. The licensing authority will investigate your situation and then make a decision on whether or...

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Your motorway journey is boring and you feel drowsy. What should you do?

A: Stop on the hard shoulder for a sleep B: Open a window and stop as soon as it’s safe and legal C: Speed up to arrive at your destination sooner D: Slow down and let other drivers overtake View Hint Never stop on the hard shoulder to rest. If there’s no service area for...

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You’re turning left at a junction where pedestrians have started to cross. What should you do?

A: Go around them, leaving plenty of room B: Stop and wave at them to cross C: Sound your horn and proceed D: Give way to them View Hint When you’re turning into a side road, pedestrians who are crossing have priority. You should wait to allow them to finish crossing safely. Be patient if...

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You’re turning left into a side road. What hazard should you be especially aware of?

A: One-way street B: Pedestrians C: Traffic congestion D: Parked vehicles View Hint Make sure that you’ve reduced your speed and are in the correct gear for the turn. Look into the road before you turn and always give way to any pedestrians who are crossing. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You intend to turn right into a side road. Why should you check for motorcyclists just before turning?

A: They may be overtaking on your left B: They may be following you closely C: They may be emerging from the side road D: They may be overtaking on your right View Hint Never attempt to change direction to the right without first checking your right-hand mirror and blind spot. A motorcyclist might not...

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Why is a toucan crossing different from other crossings?

A: Moped riders can use it B: It's controlled by a traffic warden C: It's controlled by two flashing lights D: Cyclists can use it View Hint Toucan crossings are shared by pedestrians and cyclists, who are permitted to cycle across. They’re shown the green light together. The signals are push-button-operated and there’s no flashing...

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How will a school crossing patrol signal you to stop?

A: By pointing to children on the opposite pavement B: By displaying a red light C: By displaying a stop sign D: By giving you an arm signal View Hint If a school crossing patrol steps out into the road with a ‘stop’ sign, you must stop. Don’t wave anyone across the road and don’t...

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You see a pedestrian carrying a white stick with a red band. What does this tell you?

A: They have limited mobility B: They're deaf C: They're blind D: They are deaf and blind View Hint When someone is deaf as well as blind, they may carry a white stick with a red reflective band. They may not be aware that you’re approaching and they may not be able to hear anything;...

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What action would you take when elderly people are crossing the road?

A: Wave them across so they know that you've seen them B: Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time C: Rev the engine to let them know that you're waiting D: Tap the horn in case they're hard of hearing View Hint Be aware that older people might take a long...

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What should you do when you see two elderly pedestrians about to cross the road ahead?

A: Expect them to wait for you to pass B: Speed up to get past them quickly C: Stop and wave them across the road D: Be careful; they may misjudge your speed View Hint Older people may have impaired hearing, vision, concentration and judgement. They may also walk slowly and so could take a...

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You’re coming up to a roundabout. A cyclist is signalling to turn right. What should you do?

A: Overtake on the right B: Give a warning with your horn C: Signal the cyclist to move across D: Give the cyclist plenty of room View Hint If you’re following a cyclist who’s signalling to turn right at a roundabout, leave plenty of room. Give them space and time to get into the correct...

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Which of these should you allow extra room when overtaking?

A: Lorry B: Tractor C: Bicycle D: Road-sweeping vehicle View Hint Don’t pass cyclists too closely, as they may • need to veer around a pothole or other obstacle • be buffeted by side wind • be made unsteady by your vehicle. Always leave as much room as you would for a car, and don’t...

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Why should you look particularly for motorcyclists and cyclists at junctions?

A: They may want to turn into the side road B: They may slow down to let you turn C: They are harder to see D: They might not see you turn View Hint Cyclists and motorcyclists are smaller than other vehicles and so are more difficult to see. They can easily be hidden from...

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You’re waiting to come out of a side road. Why should you look carefully for motorcycles?

A: Motorcycles are usually faster than cars B: Police patrols often use motorcycles C: Motorcycles can easily be hidden behind obstructions D: Motorcycles have right of way View Hint If you’re waiting to emerge from a side road, look carefully for motorcycles: they can be difficult to see. Be especially careful if there are parked...

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In daylight, an approaching motorcyclist is using dipped headlights. Why?

A: So that the rider can be seen more easily B: To stop the battery overcharging C: To improve the rider’s vision D: The rider is inviting you to proceed View Hint A motorcycle can be lost from sight behind another vehicle. The use of the headlights helps to make it more conspicuous and therefore...

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Why should motorcyclists wear bright clothing?

A: They must do so by law B: It helps keep them cool in summer C: The colours are popular D: Drivers often do not see them View Hint Motorcycles and scooters are generally smaller than other vehicles and can be difficult to see. Wearing bright clothing makes it easier for other road users to...

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You’re unsure what a slow-moving motorcyclist ahead of you is going to do. What should you do?

A: Pass on the left B: Pass on the right C: Stay behind D: Move closer View Hint When a motorcyclist is travelling slowly, it’s likely that they’re looking for a turning or entrance. Be patient and stay behind them in case they stop or change direction suddenly. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why will a motorcyclist look round over their right shoulder just before turning right?

A: To listen for following traffic B: Motorcycles don't have mirrors C: It helps them balance as they turn D: To check for traffic in their blind area View Hint When you see a motorcyclist take a glance over their shoulder, they’re probably about to change direction. Recognising a clue like this helps you to...

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Which is the most vulnerable road user at road junctions?

A: Car driver B: Tractor driver C: Lorry driver D: Motorcyclist View Hint Pedestrians and riders on two wheels can be harder to see than other road users. Make sure you look for them, especially at junctions. Effective observation, coupled with appropriate action, can save lives. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re approaching a roundabout. There are horses just ahead of you. What should you do?

A: Sound your horn as a warning B: Treat them like any other vehicle C: Give them plenty of room D: Accelerate past as quickly as possible View Hint Horse riders often keep to the outside of the roundabout even if they’re turning right. Give them plenty of room and remember that they may have...

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As you approach a pelican crossing, the lights change to green. What should you do if elderly people are halfway across?

A: Wave them to cross as quickly as they can B: Rev your engine to make them hurry C: Flash your lights in case they haven't noticed you D: Wait patiently because they will probably take longer to cross View Hint If the lights turn to green, wait for any pedestrians to clear the crossing....

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There are flashing amber lights under a school warning sign. What action should you take?

A: Reduce speed until you are clear of the area B: Keep up your speed and sound the horn C: Increase your speed to clear the area quickly D: Wait at the lights until they change to green View Hint The flashing amber lights are switched on to warn you that children may be crossing...

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You’re following two cyclists. They approach a roundabout in the left-hand lane. In which direction should you expect the cyclists to go?

A: Left B: Right C: Any direction D: Straight ahead View Hint Cyclists approaching a roundabout in the left-hand lane may be turning right but may not have been able to get into the correct lane due to heavy traffic. They may also feel safer keeping to the left all the way around the roundabout....

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You’re travelling behind a moped. What should you do when you want to turn left just ahead?

A: Overtake the moped before the junction B: Pull alongside the moped and stay level until just before the junction C: Sound your horn as a warning and pull in front of the moped D: Stay behind until the moped has passed the junction View Hint Passing the moped and turning into the junction could...

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You see a horse rider as you approach a roundabout. What should you do if they’re signalling right but keeping well to the left?

A: Proceed as normal B: Keep close to them C: Cut in front of them D: Stay well back View Hint Allow the horse rider to enter and exit the roundabout in their own time. They may feel safer keeping to the left all the way around the roundabout. Don’t get up close behind or...

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How would you react to drivers who appear to be inexperienced?

A: Sound your horn to warn them of your presence B: Be patient and prepare for them to react more slowly C: Flash your headlights to indicate that it's safe for them to proceed D: Overtake them as soon as possible View Hint Learners might not have confidence when they first start to drive. Allow...

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What should you do when you’re following a learner driver who stalls at a junction?

A: Be patient, as you expect them to make mistakes B: Stay very close behind and flash your headlights C: Start to rev your engine if they take too long to restart D: Immediately steer around them and drive on View Hint Learning to drive is a process of practice and experience. Try to understand...

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You’re on a country road. What should you expect to see coming towards you on your side of the road?

A: Motorcycles B: Bicycles C: Pedestrians D: Horse riders View Hint On a quiet country road, always be aware that there may be a hazard just around the next bend, such as a slow-moving vehicle or pedestrians. Pedestrians are advised to walk on the right-hand side of the road if there’s no pavement, so they...

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What should you do when following a car driven by an elderly driver?

A: Expect the driver to drive badly B: Flash your lights and overtake C: Be aware that their reactions may be slower than yours D: Stay very close behind but be careful View Hint You must show consideration to other road users. The reactions of older drivers may be slower and they might need more...

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A horse rider is in the left-hand lane approaching a roundabout. Where should you expect the rider to go?

A: In any direction B: To the right C: To the left D: Straight ahead View Hint Horses and their riders move more slowly than other road users. They might not have time to cut across heavy traffic to take up a position in the right-hand lane. For this reason, a horse and rider may...

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Powered vehicles used by disabled people are small and hard to see. How do they give early warning when on a dual carriageway?

A: They'll have a flashing red light B: They'll have a flashing green light C: They'll have a flashing blue light D: They will have a flashing amber light View Hint Powered vehicles used by disabled people are small, low, hard to see and travel very slowly. On a dual carriageway, a flashing amber light...

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Where should you never overtake a cyclist?

A: Just before you turn left B: On a left-hand bend C: On a one-way street D: On a dual carriageway View Hint If you want to turn left and there’s a cyclist in front of you, hold back. Wait until the cyclist has passed the junction and then turn left behind them. Don’t try...

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You notice horse riders in front. What should you do first?

A: Pull out to the middle of the road B: Slow down and be ready to stop C: Accelerate around them D: Signal right View Hint Be particularly careful when approaching horse riders – slow down and be prepared to stop. Always pass wide and slowly, and look out for signals given by the riders....

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The left-hand pavement is closed due to street repairs. What should you do?

A: Watch out for pedestrians walking in the road B: Use your right-hand mirror more often C: Speed up to get past the roadworks more quickly D: Position close to the left-hand kerb View Hint Where street repairs have closed off pavements, proceed carefully and slowly, as pedestrians might have to walk in the road....

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What should you do when you’re following a motorcyclist along a road that has a poor surface?

A: Follow closely so they can see you in their mirrors B: Overtake immediately to avoid delays C: Allow extra room in case they swerve to avoid potholes D: Allow the same room as normal to avoid wasting road space View Hint To avoid being unbalanced, a motorcyclist might swerve to avoid potholes and bumps...

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You see a pedestrian with a dog wearing a yellow or burgundy coat. What does this indicate?

A: The pedestrian is elderly B: The pedestrian is a dog trainer C: The pedestrian is colour-blind D: The pedestrian is deaf View Hint Dogs trained to help deaf people have a yellow or burgundy coat. If you see one, you should take extra care, as the pedestrian may not be aware of vehicles approaching....

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Who may use toucan crossings?

A: Motorcyclists and cyclists B: Motorcyclists and pedestrians C: Only cyclists D: Cyclists and pedestrians View Hint There are some crossings where cycle routes lead cyclists to cross at the same place as pedestrians. These are called toucan crossings. Always look out for cyclists, as they’re likely to be approaching faster than pedestrians. Next Theory...

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Some junctions controlled by traffic lights have a marked area between two stop lines. What’s this for?

A: To allow taxis to position in front of other traffic B: To allow people with disabilities to cross the road C: To allow cyclists and pedestrians to cross the road together D: To allow cyclists to position in front of other traffic View Hint These are known as advanced stop lines. When the lights...

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When you’re overtaking a cyclist, you should leave as much room as you would give to a car. What’s the main reason for this?

A: The cyclist might speed up B: The cyclist might get off their bike C: The cyclist might swerve D: The cyclist might have to make a left turn View Hint Before overtaking, assess the situation. Look well ahead to see whether the cyclist will need to change direction. Be especially aware of a cyclist...

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What should you do when passing sheep on a road?

A: Briefly sound your horn B: Go very slowly C: Pass quickly but quietly D: Herd them to the side of the road View Hint Slow down and be ready to stop if you see animals in the road ahead. Animals are easily frightened by noise and vehicles passing too close to them. Stop if...

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At night, you see a pedestrian wearing reflective clothing and carrying a bright red light. What does this mean?

A: You're approaching roadworks B: You are approaching an organized walk C: You're approaching a slow-moving vehicle D: You're approaching a traffic danger spot View Hint The people on the walk should be keeping to the left, but don’t assume this. Pass carefully, making sure you have time to do so safely. Be aware that...

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You’ve just passed your test. How can you reduce your risk of being involved in a collision?

A: By always staying close to the vehicle in front B: By never going over 40 mph C: By staying in the left-hand lane on all roads D: By taking further training View Hint New drivers and riders are often involved in a collision or incident early in their driving career. Due to a lack...

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You want to reverse into a side road, but you aren’t sure that the area behind your car is clear. What should you do?

A: Look through the rear window only B: Get out and check C: Check the mirrors only D: Carry on, assuming it's clear View Hint If you can’t tell whether there’s anything behind you, it’s always safest to check before reversing. There may be a small child or a low obstruction close behind your car....

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You’re about to reverse into a side road. A pedestrian is waiting to cross behind you. What should you do?

A: Wave to the pedestrian to stop B: Give way to the pedestrian C: Sound your horn to warn the pedestrian D: Reverse before the pedestrian starts to cross View Hint If you need to reverse into a side road, try to find a place that’s free from traffic and pedestrians. Look all around before...

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Who’s especially in danger of not being seen as you reverse your car?

A: Motorcyclists B: Car drivers C: Cyclists D: Children View Hint It may not be possible to see a small child through the rear windscreen of your vehicle. Be aware of this before you reverse. If there are children about, get out and check that it’s clear before reversing. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You want to turn right from a junction but your view is restricted by parked vehicles. What should you do?

A: Move out quickly, but be prepared to stop B: Sound your horn and pull out if there's no reply C: Stop, then move forward slowly until you have a clear view D: Stop, get out and look along the main road to check View Hint If you want to turn right from a junction...

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You’re at the front of a queue of traffic waiting to turn right into a side road. Why is it important to check your right mirror just before turning?

A: To look for pedestrians about to cross B: To check for overtaking vehicles C: To make sure the side road is clear D: To check for emerging traffic View Hint A motorcyclist could be riding along the outside of the queue. Always check your mirror before turning, as situations behind you can change in...

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What must a driver do at a pelican crossing when the amber light is flashing?

A: Signal the pedestrian to cross B: Always wait for the green light before proceeding C: Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing D: Wait for the red-and-amber light before proceeding View Hint The flashing amber light allows pedestrians already on the crossing to get to the other side before a green light shows...

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You’ve stopped at a pelican crossing. A disabled person is crossing slowly in front of you when the lights change to green. What should you do?

A: Wait for them to finish crossing B: Drive in front of them C: Edge forward slowly D: Sound your horn View Hint At a pelican crossing, the green light means you may proceed as long as the crossing is clear. If someone hasn’t finished crossing, be patient and wait for them, whether they’re disabled...

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You want to turn right from a main road into a side road. What should you do just before turning?

A: Cancel your right-turn signal B: Select first gear C: Check for traffic overtaking on your right D: Stop and set the handbrake View Hint In some circumstances, your indicators may be difficult to see and another road user may not realise you’re about to turn. A final check in your mirror and blind spot...

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You’re driving in a slow-moving queue of traffic. Just before changing lane, what should you do?

A: Sound the horn and flash your lights B: Look for motorcyclists filtering through the traffic C: Give a ‘slowing down’ arm signal D: Change down to first gear View Hint In queuing traffic, motorcyclists could be passing you on either side. Use your mirrors and check your blind area before changing lanes or changing...

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You’re driving in town. There’s a bus at the bus stop on the other side of the road. Why should you be careful?

A: The bus might have broken down B: Pedestrians might come from behind the bus C: The bus might move off suddenly D: The bus might remain stationary View Hint If you see a bus ahead, watch out for pedestrians. They might not be able to see you if they’re crossing from behind the bus....

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How should you overtake horse riders?

A: Drive up close and overtake as soon as possible B: Speed isn't important but allow plenty of room C: Use your horn just once to warn them D: Drive slowly and leave plenty of room View Hint When you decide to overtake a horse rider, make sure you can do so safely before you...

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Why should you allow extra room when overtaking a motorcyclist on a windy day?

A: The rider may turn off suddenly to get out of the wind B: The rider may be blown across in front of you C: The rider may stop suddenly D: The rider may be travelling faster than normal View Hint If you’re driving in high winds, be aware that the conditions might force a...

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Where should you take particular care to look for motorcyclists and cyclists?

A: On dual carriageways B: At junctions C: At zebra crossings D: On one-way streets View Hint Motorcyclists and cyclists are often more difficult to see at junctions. They’re easily hidden from view and you may not be able to see them approaching a junction if your view is partially blocked; for example, by other...

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You’re driving past parked cars. You notice a bicycle wheel sticking out between them. What should you do?

A: Accelerate past quickly and sound your horn B: Slow down and wave the cyclist across C: Brake sharply and flash your headlights D: Slow down and be prepared to stop for a cyclist View Hint Scan the road as you drive. Try to anticipate hazards by being aware of the places where they’re likely...

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You’re dazzled at night by a vehicle behind you. What should you do?

A: Set your mirror to the anti-dazzle position B: Set your mirror to dazzle the other driver C: Brake sharply to a stop D: Switch your rear lights on and off View Hint The interior mirror of most vehicles can be set to an anti-dazzle position. You’ll still be able to see the lights of...

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You’re driving towards a zebra crossing. A person in a wheelchair is waiting to cross. What should you do?

A: Continue on your way B: Wave to the person to cross C: Wave to the person to wait D: Be prepared to stop View Hint You should slow down and be prepared to stop, as you would for an able-bodied person. Don’t wave them across, as other traffic may not stop. Next Theory Test...

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You’re waiting to emerge left from a minor road. A large vehicle is approaching from the right. You have time to turn, but you should wait. Why?

A: The large vehicle can easily hide an overtaking vehicle B: The large vehicle can turn suddenly C: The large vehicle is difficult to steer in a straight line D: The large vehicle can easily hide vehicles from the left View Hint Large vehicles can hide other vehicles that are overtaking – especially motorcycles, which...

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You’re following a long vehicle. As it approaches a crossroads, it signals left but moves out to the right. What should you do?

A: Get closer in order to pass it quickly B: Stay well back and give it room C: Assume the signal is wrong and that it's turning right D: Overtake it as it starts to slow down View Hint A long vehicle may need to swing out in the opposite direction as it approaches a...

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Before overtaking a large vehicle, you should keep well back. Why is this?

A: To give acceleration space to overtake quickly on blind bends B: To get the best view of the road ahead C: To leave a gap in case the vehicle stops and rolls back D: To offer other drivers a safe gap if they want to overtake you View Hint When following a large vehicle,...

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You’re travelling behind a bus that pulls up at a bus stop. What should you do?

A: Accelerate past the bus B: Watch carefully for pedestrians C: Sound your horn D: Pull in closely behind the bus View Hint There might be pedestrians crossing from in front of the bus. Look out for them if you intend to pass. Consider how many people are waiting to get on the bus –...

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You keep well back while waiting to overtake a large vehicle. What should you do if a car moves into the gap?

A: Sound your horn B: Drop back further C: Flash your headlights D: Start to overtake View Hint Sometimes your separation distance is shortened by a driver moving into the gap you’ve allowed. When this happens, react positively, stay calm and drop further back to re-establish a safe following distance. Next Theory Test Question -->

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How should you overtake a long, slow-moving vehicle on a busy road?

A: Follow it closely and keep moving out to see the road ahead B: Flash your headlights for the oncoming traffic to give way C: Stay behind until the driver waves you past D: Keep well back until you can see that it is clear View Hint When you’re following a long vehicle, stay well...

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Which of these is least likely to be affected by side winds?

A: Cyclists B: Motorcyclists C: High-sided vehicles D: Cars View Hint Although cars are the least likely to be affected, side winds can take anyone by surprise. This is most likely to happen after overtaking a large vehicle, when passing gaps between hedges or buildings, and on exposed sections of road. Next Theory Test Question...

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You’re following a large vehicle approaching a crossroads. The driver signals to turn left. What should you do?

A: Overtake if you can leave plenty of room B: Overtake only if there are no oncoming vehicles C: Don't overtake until the vehicle begins to turn D: Do not overtake as you approach or at the junction View Hint Hold back and wait until the vehicle has turned before proceeding. Don’t overtake, because the...

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What’s the maximum speed of powered wheelchairs or scooters used by disabled people?

A: 8 mph B: 12 mph C: 16 mph D: 20 mph View Hint Some powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters are designed for use on the pavement only and cannot exceed 4 mph (6 km/h). Others can go on the road as well, and this category cannot exceed 8 mph (12 km/h). Take great care...

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Why is it more difficult to overtake a large vehicle than a car?

A: It will take longer to pass one B: It will be fitted with a speed limiter C: It will have air brakes D: It will be slow climbing hills View Hint Depending on relative speed, it will usually take you longer to pass a lorry than other vehicles. Hazards to watch for include oncoming...

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It’s very windy. You’re behind a motorcyclist who’s overtaking a high-sided vehicle. What should you do?

A: Overtake the motorcyclist immediately B: Keep well back C: Stay level with the motorcyclist D: Keep close to the motorcyclist View Hint Windy weather affects motorcyclists more than other vehicles. In windy conditions, high-sided vehicles cause air turbulence. You should keep well back, as the motorcyclist could be blown off course. Next Theory Test...

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You’re driving in town. Ahead of you a bus is at a bus stop. Which of the following should you do?

A: Flash your lights to warn the driver of your presence B: Continue at the same speed but sound your horn as a warning C: Watch carefully for the sudden appearance of pedestrians D: Pass the bus as quickly as you possibly can View Hint As you approach, look out for any signal the driver...

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As a driver, why should you be more careful where trams operate?

A: Because they don't have a horn B: Because they can't stop for cars C: Because they don't have lights D: Because they can not steer to avoid you View Hint You should take extra care when you first encounter trams. You’ll have to get used to dealing with a different traffic system. Be aware...

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You’re towing a caravan. Which is the safest type of rear-view mirror to use?

A: Interior wide-angle mirror B: Extended-arm side mirrors C: Ordinary door mirrors D: Ordinary interior mirror View Hint Towing a large trailer or caravan can greatly reduce your view of the road behind. You may need to fit extended-arm side mirrors so that you can see clearly behind and down both sides of the caravan...

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You’re driving in heavy traffic on a wet road. Spray makes it difficult to be seen. What lights should you use?

A: Full-beam headlights B: Sidelights only C: Rear fog lights if visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet) D: Dipped headlights View Hint You must make sure that other road users can see you, but you don’t want to dazzle them. Use your dipped headlights during the day if visibility is poor. If visibility...

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It’s a very windy day and you’re about to overtake a cyclist. What should you do?

A: Overtake very slowly B: Keep close as you pass C: Sound your horn repeatedly D: Allow extra room View Hint Cyclists, and motorcyclists, are very vulnerable in high winds. They can easily be blown well off course and veer into your path. Always allow plenty of room when overtaking them. Passing too close could...

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When may you overtake another vehicle on the left?

A: When you’re in a one-way street B: When approaching a motorway slip road where you’ll be turning off C: When the vehicle in front is signalling to turn left D: When a slower vehicle is travelling in the right-hand lane of a dual carriageway View Hint You may pass slower vehicles on their left...

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You’re travelling in very heavy rain. How is this likely to affect your overall stopping distance?

A: It will be doubled B: It will be halved C: It will be ten times greater D: It will be no different View Hint The road will be very wet and spray from other vehicles will reduce your visibility. Tyre grip will also be reduced, increasing your stopping distance. You should at least double...

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What should you do when you’re overtaking at night?

A: Wait until a bend so that you can see oncoming headlights B: Sound your horn twice before moving out C: Put your headlights on full beam D: Beware of bends in the road ahead View Hint Don’t overtake if there’s a possibility of a road junction, bend or brow of a bridge or hill...

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What do traffic-calming measures do?

A: Stop road rage B: Make overtaking easier C: Slow traffic down D: Make parking easier View Hint Traffic-calming measures make the roads safer for vulnerable road users, such as cyclists, pedestrians and children. These can be designed as chicanes, road humps or other obstacles that encourage drivers and riders to slow down. Next Theory...

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What’s a rumble device designed to do?

A: Give directions B: Prevent cattle escaping C: Alert you to low tyre pressure D: Alert you to a hazard View Hint A rumble device consists of raised markings or strips across the road, designed to give drivers an audible, visual and tactile warning. These devices are used in various locations, including in the line...

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What should you do when making a journey in foggy conditions?

A: Follow other vehicles’ tail lights closely B: Avoid using dipped headlights C: Leave plenty of time for your journey D: Keep two seconds behind the vehicle ahead View Hint If you’re planning to make a journey when it’s foggy, listen to the weather reports. If visibility is very poor, avoid making unnecessary journeys. If...

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What must you do when overtaking a car at night?

A: Flash your headlights before overtaking B: Select a higher gear C: Switch your lights to full beam before overtaking D: Make sure you do not dazzle other road users View Hint To prevent your lights from dazzling the driver of the car in front, wait until you’ve passed them before switching to full beam....

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You’re travelling on a road that has speed humps. What should you do when the driver in front is travelling more slowly than you?

A: Sound your horn B: Overtake as soon as you can C: Flash your headlights D: Slow down and stay behind View Hint Be patient and stay behind the car in front. You shouldn’t normally overtake other vehicles in areas subject to traffic calming. If you overtake here, you may easily exceed the speed limit,...

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How would you identify a section of road used by trams?

A: There would be metal studs around it B: There would be zigzag markings alongside it C: There would be a different surface texture D: There would be yellow hatch markings around it View Hint Trams may run on roads used by other vehicles and pedestrians. The section of road used by trams is known...

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What should you do when you meet an oncoming vehicle on a single-track road?

A: Reverse back to the main road B: Carry out an emergency stop C: Stop at a passing place D: Switch on your hazard warning lights View Hint Take care when using single-track roads. It can be difficult to see around bends, because of hedges or fences, so expect to meet oncoming vehicles. Drive carefully...

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The road is wet. Why might a motorcyclist steer round drain covers on a bend?

A: To avoid puncturing the tyres on the edge of the drain covers B: To prevent the motorcycle sliding on the metal drain covers C: To help judge the bend using the drain covers as marker points D: To avoid splashing pedestrians on the pavement View Hint Other drivers or riders may have to change...

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Why should you always reduce your speed when travelling in fog?

A: The brakes don't work as well B: You'll be dazzled by other headlights C: The engine will take longer to warm up D: It is more difficult to see what is ahead View Hint You won’t be able to see as far ahead in fog as you can on a clear day. You’ll need...

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How will your vehicle be affected when you drive up steep hills?

A: The higher gears will pull better B: The steering will feel heavier C: Overtaking will be easier D: The engine will work harder View Hint The engine will need more power to pull the vehicle up the hill. When approaching a steep hill you should select a lower gear to help maintain your speed....

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You’re driving on the motorway in windy conditions. What should you do as you pass a high-sided vehicle?

A: Increase your speed B: Be wary of a sudden gust C: Drive alongside very closely D: Expect normal conditions View Hint The draught caused by other vehicles – particularly those with high sides – could be strong enough to push you out of your lane. Be prepared for a sudden gust of wind as...

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What should you do to correct a rear-wheel skid?

A: Not steer at all B: Steer away from it C: Steer into it D: Apply your handbrake View Hint If your car skids and the rear wheels slide to the right, you need to steer into the skid (ie to the right), until the front and rear wheels are brought into line. Don’t oversteer...

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You’re driving in fog. Why should you keep well back from the vehicle in front?

A: In case it changes direction suddenly B: In case its fog lights dazzle you C: In case it stops suddenly D: In case its brake lights dazzle you View Hint If you’re following another road user in fog, stay well back. The driver in front won’t be able to see hazards until they’re close...

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What should you do if you park on the road when it’s foggy?

A: Leave sidelights switched on B: Leave dipped headlights and fog lights switched on C: Leave dipped headlights switched on D: Leave main-beam headlights switched on View Hint If you have to park your vehicle in foggy conditions, try to find a place to park off the road. If this isn’t possible, park on the...

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You’re driving at night and are dazzled by vehicle headlights coming towards you. What should you do?

A: Pull down your sun visor B: Slow down or stop C: Flash your main-beam headlights D: Shade your eyes with your hand View Hint If the headlights of an oncoming vehicle dazzle you, slow down or, if necessary, stop. Don’t close your eyes or swerve, as you’ll increase your chances of having a collision....

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When may front fog lights be used?

A: When visibility is seriously reduced B: When they're fitted above the bumper C: When they aren't as bright as the headlights D: When an audible warning device is used View Hint Your fog lights must only be used when visibility is reduced to 100 metres (328 feet) or less. You need to be familiar...

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You’re driving with your front fog lights switched on. Earlier fog has now cleared. What should you do?

A: Leave them on if other drivers have their lights on B: Switch them off as long as visibility remains good C: Flash them to warn oncoming traffic that it's foggy D: Drive with them on instead of your headlights View Hint Switch off your fog lights if the weather improves, but be prepared to...

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Why should you switch off your rear fog lights when the fog has cleared?

A: To allow your headlights to work B: To stop draining the battery C: To stop the engine losing power D: To prevent dazzling following drivers View Hint Don’t forget to switch off your fog lights when the weather improves. You could be prosecuted for driving with them on in good visibility. The high intensity...

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What will happen if you use rear fog lights in good conditions?

A: They'll make it safer when towing a trailer B: They'll protect you from larger vehicles C: They will dazzle other drivers D: They'll make following drivers keep back View Hint Rear fog lights shine more brightly than normal rear lights, so that they show up in reduced visibility. When the visibility improves, you must...

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What can fitting chains to your wheels help to prevent?

A: Damage to the road surface B: Wear to the tyres C: Skidding in deep snow D: The brakes locking View Hint Chains can be fitted to your wheels in snowy conditions. They can help you to move off without wheelspin, or to keep moving in deep snow. You’ll still need to adjust your driving...

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How can you use your vehicle’s engine to control your speed?

A: By changing to a lower gear B: By selecting reverse gear C: By changing to a higher gear D: By selecting neutral View Hint You should brake and slow down before selecting a lower gear. The gear can then be used to keep the speed low and help you control the vehicle. This is...

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Why could it be dangerous to keep the clutch down, or select neutral, for long periods of time while you’re driving?

A: Fuel spillage will occur B: Engine damage may be caused C: You will have less steering and braking control D: It will wear tyres out more quickly View Hint Letting your vehicle roll or coast in neutral reduces your control over steering and braking. This can be dangerous on downhill slopes, where your vehicle...

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You’re driving on an icy road. What distance from the car in front should you drive?

A: Four times the normal distance B: Six times the normal distance C: Eight times the normal distance D: Ten times the normal distance View Hint Don’t travel in icy or snowy weather unless your journey is essential. Drive extremely carefully when roads are or may be icy. Stopping distances can be ten times greater...

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You’re driving on a well-lit motorway on a clear night. What must you do?

A: Use only your sidelights B: Use your headlights C: Use rear fog lights D: Use front fog lights View Hint If you’re driving on a motorway at night or in poor visibility, you must always use your headlights, even if the road is well lit. Other road users must be able to see you,...

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You’re on a motorway at night, with other vehicles just ahead of you. Which lights should you have on?

A: Front fog lights B: Main-beam headlights C: Sidelights only D: Dipped headlights View Hint f you’re driving behind other traffic on the motorway at night, use dipped headlights. Main-beam headlights will dazzle the other drivers. Your headlights’ dipped beam should fall short of the vehicle in front. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What will affect your vehicle’s stopping distance?

A: The speed limit B: The street lighting C: The time of day D: The condition of the tires View Hint Having tyres correctly inflated and in good condition will ensure they have maximum grip on the road; how well your tyres grip the road has a significant effect on your car’s stopping distance. Next...

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You’re driving on a motorway at night. When may you switch off your headlights?

A: When there are vehicles close in front of you B: When you're travelling below 50 mph C: When the motorway is lit D: When your vehicle is broken down on the hard shoulder View Hint Always use your headlights at night on a motorway unless you’ve had to stop on the hard shoulder. If...

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When will you feel the effects of engine braking?

A: When you only use the handbrake B: When you're in neutral C: When you change to a lower gear D: When you change to a higher gear View Hint When you take your foot off the accelerator, engines have a natural resistance to turn, caused mainly by the cylinder compression. Changing to a lower...

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Daytime visibility is poor but not seriously reduced. Which lights should you switch on?

A: Headlights and fog lights B: Front fog lights C: Dipped headlights D: Rear fog lights View Hint Only use your fog lights when visibility is seriously reduced. Use dipped headlights in poor conditions because this helps other road users to see you without the risk of causing dazzle. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Why are vehicles fitted with rear fog lights?

A: To make them more visible when driving at high speed B: To show when they've broken down in a dangerous position C: To make them more visible in thick fog D: To warn drivers following closely to drop back View Hint Rear fog lights make it easier to spot a vehicle ahead in foggy...

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While you’re driving in fog, it becomes necessary to use front fog lights. What should you remember?

A: Only use them in heavy traffic conditions B: Don't use them on motorways C: Only use them on dual carriageways D: Switch them off when visibility improves View Hint It’s illegal to use your fog lights in conditions other than when visibility is seriously reduced; that is, less than 100 metres (328 feet). Fog...

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What should you do when there’s been a heavy fall of snow?

A: Drive with your hazard warning lights on B: Don't drive unless you have a mobile phone C: Only drive when your journey is short D: Do not drive unless it is essential View Hint Consider whether the increased risk is worth it. If the weather conditions are bad and your journey isn’t essential, then...

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You’re driving down a long, steep hill. You suddenly notice that your brakes aren’t working as well as normal. What’s the usual cause of this?

A: The brakes overheating B: Air in the brake fluid C: Oil on the brakes D: Badly adjusted brakes View Hint This is more likely to happen on vehicles fitted with drum brakes, but it can apply to disc brakes as well. Using a lower gear will assist the braking and help you to keep...

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You have to make a journey in fog. What should you do before you set out?

A: Top up the radiator with anti-freeze B: Make sure that you have a warning triangle in the vehicle C: Make sure that the windows are clean D: Check the battery View Hint If you have to drive in fog, switch your dipped-beam headlights on and keep your windscreen clear. You should always be able...

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You’ve just driven out of fog. What must you do now that visibility has improved?

A: Switch off your fog lights B: Keep your rear fog lights switched on C: Keep your front fog lights switched on D: Leave your fog lights switched on in case the fog returns View Hint You must turn off your fog lights if visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet). Be prepared for...

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Why is it dangerous to leave rear fog lights on when they’re not needed?

A: They may be confused with brake lights B: The bulbs would fail C: Electrical systems could be overloaded D: Direction indicators may not work properly View Hint If your rear fog lights are left on when it isn’t foggy, the glare they cause makes it difficult for road users behind to know whether you’re...

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What will happen if you hold the clutch pedal down or roll in neutral for too long?

A: It will use more fuel B: It will cause the engine to overheat C: It will reduce your control D: It will improve tyre wear View Hint Holding the clutch down or staying in neutral for too long will cause your vehicle to freewheel. This is known as ‘coasting’ and it’s dangerous because it...

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You’re driving down a steep hill. Why could it be dangerous to keep the clutch down or roll in neutral for too long?

A: Fuel consumption will be higher B: Your vehicle will pick up speed C: It will damage the engine D: It will wear tyres out more quickly View Hint Driving in neutral or with the clutch down for long periods is known as ‘coasting’. There will be no engine braking and your vehicle will pick...

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Why is it bad technique to coast when driving downhill?

A: The fuel consumption will increase B: The engine will overheat C: The tyres will wear more quickly D: The vehicle will gain speed View Hint Coasting is when you allow the vehicle to freewheel in neutral or with the clutch pedal depressed. Speed will increase as you lose the benefits of engine braking and...

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Why is travelling in neutral for long distances (known as coasting) wrong?

A: It will cause the car to skid B: It will make the engine stall C: The engine will run faster D: There will not be any engine braking View Hint Try to look ahead and read the road. Plan your approach to junctions and select the correct gear in good time. This will give...

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When must you use dipped headlights during the day?

A: All the time B: On narrow streets C: In poor visibility D: When parking View Hint You must use dipped headlights when daytime visibility is seriously reduced, generally to 100 metres (328 feet) or less. You may also use front or rear fog lights, but they must be switched off when visibility improves. Next...

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You’re braking on a wet road. Your vehicle begins to skid. It doesn’t have anti-lock brakes. What’s the first thing you should do?

A: Quickly pull up the handbrake B: Release the footbrake C: Push harder on the brake pedal D: Gently use the accelerator View Hint If the skid has been caused by braking too hard for the conditions, release the brake. You may then need to reapply and release the brake again. You may need to...

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What should you do when you’re joining a motorway?

A: Use the hard shoulder B: Stop at the end of the acceleration lane C: Slow to a stop before joining the motorway D: Give way to traffic already on the motorway View Hint You should give way to traffic already on the motorway. Where possible, traffic may move over to let you in, but...

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What’s the national speed limit on motorways for cars and motorcycles?

A: 30 mph B: 50 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint Travelling at the national speed limit doesn’t allow you to hog the right-hand lane. Always use the left-hand lane whenever possible. When leaving a motorway, get into the left-hand lane well before your exit. Reduce your speed on the slip road...

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Which vehicles should use the left-hand lane on a three-lane motorway?

A: Any vehicle B: Large vehicles only C: Emergency vehicles only D: Slow vehicles only View Hint On a motorway, all traffic should use the left-hand lane unless overtaking. When overtaking a number of slower vehicles, move back to the left-hand lane when you’re safely past. Check your mirrors frequently and don’t stay in the...

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Which of these isn’t allowed to travel in the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway?

A: A small delivery van B: A motorcycle C: A vehicle towing a trailer D: A motorcycle and sidecar View Hint A vehicle with a trailer is restricted to 60 mph. For this reason, it isn’t allowed in the right-hand lane, as it might hold up faster-moving traffic that wishes to overtake in that lane....

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You break down on a motorway. You need to call for help. Why may it be better to use an emergency roadside telephone rather than a mobile phone?

A: It connects you to a local garage B: Using a mobile phone will distract other drivers C: It allows easy location by the emergency services D: Mobile phones don't work on motorways View Hint On a motorway, it’s best to use a roadside emergency telephone so that the emergency services are able to find...

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You’ve had a breakdown on the hard shoulder of a motorway. When the problem has been fixed, how should you rejoin the main carriageway?

A: Move out onto the carriageway, then build up your speed B: Move out onto the carriageway using your hazard warning lights C: Gain speed on the hard shoulder before moving out onto the carriageway D: Wait on the hard shoulder until someone flashes their headlights at you View Hint Signal your intention and build...

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You’re travelling along a motorway. Where would you find a crawler or climbing lane?

A: On a steep gradient B: Before a service area C: Before a junction D: Along the hard shoulder View Hint Large, slow-moving vehicles can hinder the progress of other traffic. On a steep gradient, an extra crawler lane may be provided for slow-moving vehicles to allow faster-moving traffic to flow more easily. Next Theory...

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You’ve broken down on a motorway. In which direction should you walk to find the nearest emergency telephone?

A: With the traffic flow B: Facing oncoming traffic C: In the direction shown on the marker posts D: In the direction of the nearest exit View Hint Along the hard shoulder there are marker posts at 100-metre intervals. These will direct you to the nearest emergency telephone. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re joining a motorway. Why is it important to make full use of the slip road?

A: Because there is space available to turn round if you need to B: To allow you direct access to the overtaking lanes C: To build up a speed similar to traffic on the motorway D: Because you can continue on the hard shoulder View Hint Try to join the motorway without affecting the progress...

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How should you use the emergency telephone on a motorway?

A: Stay close to the carriageway B: Face the oncoming traffic C: Keep your back to the traffic D: Stand on the hard shoulder View Hint Traffic is passing you at speed. If the draught from a large lorry catches you by surprise, it could blow you off balance and even onto the carriageway. By...

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You’re on a motorway. What colour are the reflective studs on the left of the carriageway?

A: Green B: Red C: White D: Amber View Hint Red studs are placed between the edge of the carriageway and the hard shoulder. Where slip roads leave or join the motorway, the studs are green. Next Theory Test Question -->

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On a three-lane motorway, which lane should you normally use?

A: Left B: Right C: Centre D: Either the right or centre View Hint On a three-lane motorway, you should travel in the left-hand lane unless you’re overtaking. This applies regardless of the speed at which you’re travelling. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do when going through a contraflow system on a motorway?

A: Ensure that you don't exceed 30 mph B: Keep a good distance from the vehicle ahead C: Switch lanes to keep the traffic flowing D: Stay close to the vehicle ahead to reduce queues View Hint At roadworks, and especially where a contraflow system is operating, a speed restriction is likely to be in...

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You’re approaching roadworks on a motorway. What should you do?

A: Speed up to clear the area quickly B: Always use the hard shoulder C: Obey all speed limits D: Stay very close to the vehicle in front View Hint Collisions often happen at roadworks. Be aware of the speed limits, slow down in good time and keep your distance from the vehicle in front....

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Which vehicles are prohibited from using the motorway?

A: Powered mobility scooters B: Motorcycles over 50 cc C: Double-deck buses D: Cars with automatic transmission View Hint Motorways mustn’t be used by pedestrians, cyclists, motorcycles under 50 cc, certain slow-moving vehicles without permission, and powered wheelchairs/mobility scooters. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do when driving or riding along a motorway?

A: Look much further ahead than you would on other roads B: Travel much faster than you would on other roads C: Maintain a shorter separation distance than you would on other roads D: Concentrate more than you would on other roads View Hint Traffic on motorways usually travels faster than on other roads. You...

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What should you do immediately after joining a motorway?

A: Try to overtake B: Re-adjust your mirrors C: Position your vehicle in the centre lane D: Keep in the left-hand lane View Hint Stay in the left-hand lane long enough to get used to the higher speeds of motorway traffic before considering overtaking. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What’s the right-hand lane used for on a three-lane motorway?

A: Emergency vehicles only B: Overtaking C: Vehicles towing trailers D: Coaches only View Hint You should keep to the left and only use the right-hand lane if you’re passing slower-moving traffic. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you use the hard shoulder of a motorway for?

A: Stopping in an emergency B: Leaving the motorway C: Stopping when you're tired D: Joining the motorway View Hint Don’t use the hard shoulder for stopping unless it’s an emergency. If you want to stop for any other reason, go to the next exit or service station. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When are you allowed to stop on a motorway?

A: When you need to walk and get fresh air B: When you wish to pick up hitchhikers C: When you are signaled to do so by flashing red lights D: When you need to use a mobile telephone View Hint You must stop if overhead gantry signs show flashing red lights above every lane...

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You’re travelling in the left-hand lane of a three-lane motorway. How should you react to traffic joining from a slip road?

A: Race the other vehicles B: Move to another lane C: Maintain a steady speed D: Switch on your hazard warning lights View Hint Plan well ahead when approaching a slip road. If you see traffic joining the motorway, move to another lane if it’s safe to do so. This can help the flow of...

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What basic rule applies when you’re using a motorway?

A: Use the lane that has the least traffic B: Keep to the left-hand lane unless overtaking C: Overtake on the side that’s clearest D: Try to keep above 50 mph to prevent congestion View Hint You should normally travel in the left-hand lane unless you’re overtaking a slower-moving vehicle. When you’ve finished overtaking, move...

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You’re travelling along a motorway. When are you allowed to overtake on the left?

A: When you can see well ahead that the hard shoulder is clear B: When the traffic in the right-hand lane is signalling right C: When you warn drivers behind by signalling left D: When in queues and traffic to your right is moving more slowly than you are View Hint Never overtake on the...

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On a motorway, what’s an emergency refuge area used for?

A: In cases of emergency or breakdown B: If you think you'll be involved in a road rage incident C: For a police patrol to park and watch traffic D: For construction and road workers to store emergency equipment View Hint Emergency refuge areas are built at the side of the hard shoulder. If you...

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Traffic officers operate on motorways and some primary routes in England. What are they authorised to do?

A: Stop and arrest drivers who break the law B: Repair broken-down vehicles on the motorway C: Issue fixed penalty notices D: Stop and direct anyone on a motorway View Hint Traffic officers don’t have enforcement powers but are able to stop and direct people on motorways and some ‘A’ class roads. They only operate...

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What’s the aim of a smart motorway?

A: To prevent overtaking B: To reduce rest stops C: To prevent tailgating D: To reduce congestion View Hint Smart motorway schemes are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas, the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or in the...

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You’re using a smart motorway. What happens when it’s operating?

A: Speed limits above lanes are advisory B: The national speed limit will apply C: The speed limit is always 30 mph D: You must obey the speed limits shown View Hint When a smart motorway is operating, you must follow the mandatory signs on the gantries above each lane, including the hard shoulder. Variable...

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Why can it be an advantage for traffic speed to stay constant over a longer distance?

A: You'll do more stop–start driving B: You'll use far more fuel C: You'll be able to use more direct routes D: Your overall journey time will normally improve View Hint When traffic travels at a constant speed over a longer distance, journey times normally improve. You may feel that you could travel faster for...

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You shouldn’t normally travel on the hard shoulder of a motorway. When can you use it?

A: When taking the next exit B: When traffic is stopped C: When signs direct you to D: When traffic is slow moving View Hint Normally, you should only use the hard shoulder for emergencies and breakdowns, and at roadworks when signs direct you to do so. Smart motorways use active traffic management to ease...

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What’s used to reduce traffic bunching on a motorway?

A: Variable speed limits B: Contraflow systems C: National speed limits D: Lane closures View Hint Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times, maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly, depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed...

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When may you stop on a motorway?

A: If you have to read a map B: When you're tired and need a rest C: If your mobile phone rings D: In an emergency or breakdown View Hint You shouldn’t normally stop on a motorway, but there may be occasions when you need to do so. If you’re unfortunate enough to break down,...

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Unless signs show otherwise, what’s the national speed limit for a car or motorcycle on a motorway?

A: 50 mph B: 60 mph C: 70 mph D: 80 mph View Hint The national speed limit for a car or motorcycle on a motorway is 70 mph. Lower speed limits may be in force; for example, at roadworks. Variable speed limits also operate in some areas when the motorway is very busy. Cars...

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You’re on a motorway and there are red flashing lights above every lane. What must you do?

A: Pull onto the hard shoulder B: Slow down and watch for further signals C: Leave at the next exit D: Stop and wait View Hint Red flashing lights above all lanes mean you must stop and wait. You’ll also see a red cross lit up. Don’t change lanes, don’t continue and don’t pull onto...

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You’re travelling along a motorway and feel tired. Where should you stop to rest?

A: On the hard shoulder B: At the nearest service area C: On a slip road D: On the central reservation View Hint If you feel tired, stop at the nearest service area. If that’s too far away, leave the motorway at the next exit and find a safe place to stop. You mustn’t stop...

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You’re towing a trailer on a motorway. What’s the speed limit for a car towing a trailer on this road?

A: 40 mph B: 50 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint Don’t forget that you’re towing a trailer. If you’re towing a small, light trailer, it won’t reduce your vehicle’s performance by very much. However, strong winds or buffeting from large vehicles might cause the trailer to snake from side to side....

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What should the left-hand lane of a motorway be used for?

A: Breakdowns and emergencies only B: Overtaking slower traffic in the other lanes C: Slow vehicles only D: Normal driving View Hint You should drive in the left-hand lane whenever possible. Only use the other lanes for overtaking or when directed to do so by signals. Using other lanes when the left-hand lane is empty...

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You’re driving on a motorway and have to slow down quickly due to a hazard ahead. How can you warn drivers behind of the hazard?

A: Switch on your hazard warning lights B: Switch on your headlights C: Sound your horn D: Flash your headlights View Hint Using your hazard warning lights, as well as your brake lights, will give following traffic an extra warning of the problem ahead. Only use them for long enough for your warning to be...

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Your car gets a puncture while you’re driving on the motorway. You get it onto the hard shoulder. What should you do?

A: Carefully change the wheel yourself B: Use an emergency telephone and call for help C: Try to wave down another vehicle for help D: Only change the wheel if you have a passenger to help you View Hint Park as far to the left as you can and leave the vehicle by the nearside...

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You’re driving on a motorway. By mistake, you go past the exit that you wanted to take. What should you do?

A: Carefully reverse on the hard shoulder B: Carry on to the next exit C: Carefully reverse in the left-hand lane D: Make a U-turn at a gap in the central reservation View Hint It’s illegal to reverse, cross the central reservation or drive against the traffic flow on a motorway. If you miss your...

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Your vehicle has broken down on a motorway. You aren’t able to stop on the hard shoulder. What should you do?

A: Switch on your hazard warning lights B: Stop following traffic and ask for help C: Attempt to repair your vehicle quickly D: Stand behind your vehicle to warn others View Hint If you can’t get your vehicle onto the hard shoulder, use your hazard warning lights to warn others. Leave your vehicle only when...

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Why is it particularly important to carry out a check on your vehicle before making a long motorway journey?

A: You'll have to do more harsh braking on motorways B: Motorway service stations don't deal with breakdowns C: The road surface will wear down the tyres faster D: Continuous high speeds increase the risk of your vehicle breaking down View Hint Before you start your journey, make sure that your vehicle can cope with...

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You’re driving on a motorway. The car in front shows its hazard warning lights for a short time. What does this tell you?

A: The driver wants you to overtake B: The other car is going to change lanes C: Traffic ahead is slowing or stopping suddenly D: There's a police speed check ahead View Hint If the vehicle in front shows its hazard warning lights, there may be an incident, stopped traffic or queuing traffic ahead. By...

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You’re driving on the motorway. Well before you reach your intended exit, where should you position your vehicle?

A: In the middle lane B: In the left-hand lane C: On the hard shoulder D: In any lane View Hint You’ll see the first advance direction sign one mile from a motorway exit. If you’re travelling at 60 mph in the right-hand lane, you’ll only have about 50 seconds before you reach the countdown...

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What restrictions apply to new drivers holding a provisional driving licence?

A: They can't drive over 30 mph B: They can't drive at night C: They can not drive unaccompanied D: They can't drive with more than one passenger View Hint You won’t be able to drive unaccompanied until you’ve passed your practical driving test. When you’ve passed, it’s a good idea to ask your instructor...

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Your vehicle breaks down on the hard shoulder of a motorway. You need to use your mobile phone to call for help. What should you do?

A: Stand at the rear of the vehicle while making the call B: Phone a friend and ask them to come and collect you C: Open the bonnet to help the emergency services know you've broken down D: Check your location from the marker posts on the left View Hint You should use an emergency...

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You’re towing a trailer along a three-lane motorway. When may you use the right-hand lane?

A: When there are lane closures B: When there's slow-moving traffic C: When you can maintain a high speed D: When large vehicles are in the left and centre lanes View Hint If you’re towing a caravan or trailer, you mustn’t use the right-hand lane of a motorway with three or more lanes except in...

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When may you stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway?

A: In an emergency B: If you feel tired and need to rest C: If you miss the exit that you wanted D: To pick up a hitchhiker View Hint You should only stop on the hard shoulder in a genuine emergency. Don’t stop there to have a rest or picnic, pick up hitchhikers, answer...

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What’s the national speed limit for cars and motorcycles on a dual carriageway?

A: 30 mph B: 50 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint Make sure that you know the speed limit for the road that you’re on. The speed limit on a dual carriageway or motorway is 70 mph for cars and motorcycles, unless signs indicate otherwise. The speed limits for different types of...

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There are no speed-limit signs on the road. How is a 30 mph limit indicated?

A: By hazard warning lines B: By street lighting C: By pedestrian islands D: By double or single yellow lines View Hint There’s a 30 mph speed limit where there are street lights unless signs show another limit. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You see street lights but no speed-limit signs. What will the speed limit usually be?

A: 30 mph B: 40 mph C: 50 mph D: 60 mph View Hint The presence of street lights generally indicates that there’s a 30 mph speed limit, unless signs tell you otherwise. Next Theory Test Question -->

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There’s a tractor ahead. You want to overtake but you aren’t sure whether it’s safe. What should you do?

A: Follow another vehicle as it overtakes the tractor B: Sound your horn to make the tractor pull over C: Speed past, flashing your lights at oncoming traffic D: Stay behind the tractor if you are in any doubt View Hint Following a tractor can be frustrating, but never overtake if you’re unsure whether it’s...

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Which vehicle is most likely to take an unusual course at a roundabout?

A: Estate car B: Milk float C: Delivery van D: Long lorry View Hint Long vehicles might have to take a slightly different position when approaching the roundabout or going around it. This is to stop the rear of the vehicle cutting in and mounting the kerb. Next Theory Test Question -->

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When can you park on the right-hand side of a road at night?

A: When you are in a one-way street B: When you have your sidelights on C: When you're more than 10 metres (32 feet) from a junction D: When you're under a lamppost View Hint Red rear reflectors show up when headlights shine on them. These are useful when you’re parked at night, but they’ll...

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On a three-lane dual carriageway, what can the right-hand lane be used for?

A: Overtaking only, never turning right B: Overtaking or turning right C: Fast-moving traffic only D: Turning right only, never overtaking View Hint You should normally use the left-hand lane on any dual carriageway unless you’re overtaking or turning right. When overtaking on a dual carriageway, look for vehicles ahead that are turning right. They...

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You’re approaching a busy junction. What should you do when, at the last moment, you realise you’re in the wrong lane?

A: Continue in that lane B: Force your way across C: Stop until the area has cleared D: Use clear arm signals to cut across View Hint There are times when road markings are obscured by queuing traffic, or you’re unsure which lane to use. If, at the last moment, you find you’re in the...

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Where may you overtake on a one-way street?

A: Only on the left-hand side B: Overtaking isn't allowed C: Only on the right-hand side D: On either the right or the left View Hint You can overtake other traffic on either side when travelling in a one-way street. Make full use of your mirrors and ensure it’s clear all around before you attempt...

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How should you signal when going straight ahead at a roundabout?

A: Indicate left before leaving the roundabout B: Don't indicate at any time C: Indicate right when approaching the roundabout D: Indicate left when approaching the roundabout View Hint When going straight ahead at a roundabout, don’t signal as you approach it. Indicate left just after passing the exit before the one you wish to...

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Which vehicle might have to take a different course from normal at roundabouts?

A: Sports car B: Van C: Estate car D: Long vehicle View Hint A long vehicle may have to straddle lanes either on or approaching a roundabout so that the rear wheels don’t hit the kerb. If you’re following a long vehicle, stay well back and give it plenty of room. Next Theory Test Question...

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On which occasion may you enter a box junction?

A: When there are fewer than two vehicles ahead B: When signalled by another road user C: When your exit road is clear D: When traffic signs direct you View Hint Yellow box junctions are marked on the road to prevent the road becoming blocked. Don’t enter the box unless your exit road is clear....

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When may you stop and wait in a box junction?

A: When oncoming traffic prevents you from turning right B: When you're in a queue of traffic turning left C: When you're in a queue of traffic going ahead D: When you're on a roundabout View Hint The purpose of yellow box markings is to keep junctions clear of queuing traffic. You may only wait...

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Which person’s signal to stop must you obey?

A: A motorcyclist B: A pedestrian C: A police officer D: A bus driver View Hint You must obey signals to stop given by police and traffic officers, traffic wardens and school crossing patrols. Failure to do so is an offence and could lead to prosecution. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You see a pedestrian waiting at a zebra crossing. What should you normally do?

A: Go on quickly before they step onto the crossing B: Stop before you reach the zigzag lines and let them cross C: Stop to let them cross and wait patiently D: Ignore them as they're still on the pavement View Hint By standing on the pavement, the pedestrian is showing an intention to cross....

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Who can use a toucan crossing?

A: Cars and motorcycles B: Cyclists and pedestrians C: Buses and lorries D: Trams and trains View Hint Toucan crossings are similar to pelican crossings but there’s no flashing amber phase. Cyclists share the crossing with pedestrians and are allowed to cycle across when the green cycle symbol is shown. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re waiting at a pelican crossing. What does it mean when the red light changes to flashing amber?

A: Wait for pedestrians on the crossing to clear B: Move off immediately without any hesitation C: Wait for the green light before moving off D: Get ready and go when the continuous amber light shows View Hint This light allows pedestrians already on the crossing to get to the other side in their own...

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You’re turning right at a crossroads. An oncoming driver is also turning right. What’s the advantage of turning behind the oncoming vehicle?

A: You will have a clearer view of any approaching traffic B: You'll use less fuel because you can stay in a higher gear C: You'll have more time to turn D: You'll be able to turn without stopping View Hint When turning right at a crossroads where oncoming traffic is also turning right, it’s...

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You’re travelling along a street with parked vehicles on the left-hand side. Why should you keep your speed down?

A: So that oncoming traffic can see you more clearly B: You may set off car alarms C: There may be delivery lorries on the street D: Children may run out from between the vehicles View Hint Travel slowly and carefully near parked vehicles. Beware of • vehicles pulling out, especially bicycles and motorcycles •...

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What should you do when you meet an obstruction on your side of the road?

A: Carry on, as you have priority B: Give way to oncoming traffic C: Wave oncoming vehicles through D: Accelerate to get past first View Hint Take care if you have to pass a parked vehicle on your side of the road. Give way to oncoming traffic if there isn’t enough room for you both...

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You’re on a two-lane dual carriageway. Why would you use the right-hand lane?

A: To overtake slower traffic B: For normal progress C: When staying at the minimum allowed speed D: To keep driving at a constant high speed View Hint Normally you should travel in the left-hand lane and only use the right-hand lane for overtaking or turning right. Move back into the left lane as soon...

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Who has priority at an unmarked crossroads?

A: The larger vehicle B: No-one has priority C: The faster vehicle D: The smaller vehicle View Hint Practise good observation in all directions before you emerge or make a turn. Proceed only when you’re sure it’s safe to do so. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What’s the nearest you may park to a junction?

A: 10 metres (32 feet) B: 12 metres (39 feet) C: 15 metres (49 feet) D: 20 metres (66 feet) View Hint Don’t park within 10 metres (32 feet) of a junction (unless in an authorised parking place). This is to allow drivers emerging from, or turning into, the junction a clear view of the...

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You’re waiting at a level crossing. A train passes but the lights keep flashing. What must you do?

A: Carry on waiting B: Phone the signal operator C: Edge over the stop line and look for trains D: Park and investigate View Hint If the lights at a level crossing keep flashing after a train has passed, you should continue to wait, because another train might be coming. Time seems to pass slowly...

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What must you do when entering roadworks where a temporary speed limit is displayed?

A: Obey the speed limit B: Obey the limit, but only during rush hour C: Ignore the displayed limit D: Use your own judgment; the limit is only advisory View Hint Where there are extra hazards, such as at roadworks, it’s often necessary to slow traffic down by imposing a lower speed limit. These speed...

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Where shouldn’t you park?

A: On a road with a 40 mph speed limit B: At or near a bus stop C: Where there's no pavement D: Within 20 metres (65 feet) of a junction View Hint It may be tempting to park where you shouldn’t while you run a quick errand. Careless parking is a selfish act and...

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You’re on a well-lit road at night, in a built-up area. How will using dipped headlights help?

A: You can see further along the road B: You can go at a much faster speed C: You can switch to main beam quickly D: You can be easily seen by others View Hint You may be difficult to see when you’re travelling at night, even on a well-lit road. If you use dipped...

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The dual carriageway you’re turning right onto has a very narrow central reservation. What should you do?

A: Proceed to the central reservation and wait B: Wait until the road is clear in both directions C: Stop in the first lane so that other vehicles give way D: Emerge slightly to show your intentions View Hint When the central reservation is narrow, you should treat a dual carriageway as one road. Wait...

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What’s the national speed limit on a single carriageway road for cars and motorcycles?

A: 30 mph B: 50 mph C: 60 mph D: 70 mph View Hint Exceeding the speed limit is dangerous and can result in you receiving penalty points on your licence. It isn’t worth it. You should know the speed limit for the road that you’re on by observing the road signs. Different speed limits...

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You park at night on a road with a 40 mph speed limit. What should you do?

A: Park facing the traffic B: Park with parking lights on C: Park with dipped headlights on D: Park near a street light View Hint You must use parking lights when parking at night on a road or in a lay-by on a road with a speed limit greater than 30 mph. You must also...

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You’re travelling on a motorway in England. You must stop when signalled to do so by which of these?

A: Flashing amber lights above your lane B: A traffic officer C: Pedestrians on the hard shoulder D: A driver who has broken down View Hint You’ll find traffic officers on England’s motorways. They work in partnership with the police, helping to keep traffic moving and helping to make your journey as safe as possible....

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You’re going straight ahead at a roundabout. How should you signal?

A: Signal right on the approach and then left to leave the roundabout B: Signal left after you leave the roundabout and enter the new road C: Signal right on the approach to the roundabout and keep the signal on D: Signal left just after you pass the exit before the one you are going...

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When may you drive over a footpath?

A: To overtake slow-moving traffic B: When the pavement is very wide C: If there are no pedestrians nearby D: To get onto a property View Hint It’s illegal to drive on or over a footpath, except to gain access to a property. If you need to cross a pavement, give priority to pedestrians. Next...

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What’s the speed limit for a car towing a small caravan along a dual carriageway?

A: 50 mph B: 40 mph C: 70 mph D: 60 mph View Hint The speed limit for cars towing caravans or trailers on dual carriageways or motorways is 60 mph. Due to the increased weight and size of the combination, you should plan further ahead. Take care in windy weather, as a strong side...

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A cycle lane, marked by a solid white line, is in operation. What does this mean for car drivers?

A: The lane may be used for parking your car B: You may drive in the lane at any time C: The lane may be used when necessary D: You must not drive in that lane View Hint Leave the lane free for cyclists. At other times, when the lane isn’t in operation, you should...

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You intend to turn left from a main road into a minor road. What should you do as you approach it?

A: Keep just left of the middle of the road B: Keep in the middle of the road C: Swing out to the right just before turning D: Keep well to the left of the road View Hint Your road position can help other road users to anticipate your actions. Keep to the left as...

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You’re on a busy main road and find that you’re travelling in the wrong direction. What should you do?

A: Turn into a side road on the right and reverse into the main road B: Make a U-turn in the main road C: Make a ‘three-point’ turn in the main road D: Turn around in a side road View Hint Don’t turn around in a busy street or reverse from a side road into...

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During which manoeuvre may you remove your seat belt?

A: Reversing B: Hill start C: Emergency stop D: Driving slowly View Hint You may remove your seat belt while you’re carrying out a manoeuvre that includes reversing. However, you must remember to put it back on again before you resume driving. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Over what distance are you allowed to reverse?

A: No further than is necessary B: No more than a car’s length C: As far as it takes to reverse around a corner D: The length of a residential street View Hint You mustn’t reverse further than is necessary. You may decide to turn your vehicle around by reversing into an opening or side...

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What should you do when you’re unsure whether it’s safe to reverse your vehicle?

A: Sound your horn B: Rev your engine C: Get out and check D: Reverse slowly View Hint A small child could be hidden directly behind you, so, if you can’t see all around your vehicle, get out and have a look. You could also ask someone reliable outside the vehicle to guide you. Next...

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When may you reverse from a side road into a main road?

A: Only if both roads are clear of traffic B: Not at any time C: At any time D: Only if the main road is clear of traffic View Hint Don’t reverse into a main road from a side road. The main road is likely to be busy and the traffic on it moving quickly....

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You want to turn right at a box junction. There’s oncoming traffic. What should you do?

A: Wait in the box junction if your exit is clear B: Wait before the junction until it's clear of all traffic C: Drive on; you can't turn right at a box junction D: Drive slowly into the box junction when signalled by oncoming traffic View Hint You can wait in the box junction as...

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You’re reversing your vehicle into a side road. When would the greatest hazard to passing traffic occur?

A: After you’ve completed the manoeuvre B: Just before you actually begin to manoeuvre C: After you’ve entered the side road D: When the front of your vehicle swings out View Hint Always check in all directions before reversing into a side road. Keep a good lookout throughout the manoeuvre. Act on what you see...

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Where’s the safest place to park your vehicle at night?

A: In a garage B: On a busy road C: In a quiet car park D: Near a red route View Hint If you have a garage, use it. Your vehicle is less likely to be a victim of car crime if it’s in a garage. Also, in winter, the windows will be kept free...

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You’re looking for somewhere to park your vehicle. The area is full except for spaces marked ‘disabled use’. What can you do?

A: You can use these spaces when elsewhere is full B: You can park in one of these spaces if you stay with your vehicle C: You can use one of the spaces as long as one is kept free D: You can not park there unless you are permitted to do so View Hint...

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You’re on a road that’s only wide enough for one vehicle. A car is coming towards you. What should you do?

A: Pull into a passing place on your right B: Force the other driver to reverse C: Pull into a passing place if your vehicle is wider D: Pull into a passing place on your left View Hint Pull into the nearest passing place on the left if you meet another vehicle on a narrow...

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You’re driving at night with your headlights on full beam. A vehicle is overtaking you. When should you dip your lights?

A: Some time after the vehicle has passed you B: Before the vehicle starts to pass you C: Only if the other driver dips their headlights D: As soon as the vehicle passes you View Hint On full beam, your lights could dazzle the driver in front. Dip your lights as soon as the driver...

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Other than direction indicators, how can you give signals to other road users?

A: By using brake lights B: By using sidelights C: By using fog lights D: By using interior lights View Hint Your brake lights will give an indication to traffic behind that you’re slowing down. Good anticipation will allow you time to check your mirrors before slowing. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re parked in a busy high street. What’s the safest way to turn your vehicle around so you can go the opposite way?

A: Find a quiet side road to turn around in B: Drive into a side road and reverse into the main road C: Get someone to stop the traffic D: Do a U-turn View Hint Make sure you carry out the manoeuvre without causing a hazard to other vehicles. Choose a place to turn that’s...

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To help keep your vehicle secure at night, where should you park?

A: Near a police station B: In a quiet road C: On a red route D: In a well-lit area View Hint Whenever possible, park in an area that will be well lit at night. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re driving on a road that has a cycle lane. The lane is marked by a broken white line. What does this mean?

A: You should not drive in the lane unless it is unavoidable B: There's a reduced speed limit for motor vehicles using the lane C: Cyclists can travel in both directions in that lane D: The lane must be used by motorcyclists in heavy traffic View Hint Cycle lanes are marked with either a solid...

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What must you have to park in a disabled space?

A: A Blue Badge B: A wheelchair C: An advanced driver certificate D: An adapted vehicle View Hint Don’t park in a space reserved for disabled people unless you or your passenger are a disabled badge holder. The badge must be displayed in your vehicle, in the bottom left-hand corner of the windscreen. Next Theory...

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When must you stop your vehicle?

A: If you are involved in an incident that causes damage or injury B: At a junction where there are ‘give way’ lines C: At the end of a one-way street D: Before merging onto a motorway View Hint You must stop your vehicle when signalled to do so by a • police or traffic...

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How can you identify traffic signs that give orders?

A: They're rectangular with a yellow border B: They're triangular with a blue border C: They're square with a brown border D: They are circular with a red border View Hint There are three basic types of traffic sign: those that warn, those that inform and those that give orders. Generally, triangular signs warn, rectangular...

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What does a circular traffic sign with a blue background do?

A: Give warning of a motorway ahead B: Give directions to a car park C: Give motorway information D: Give an instruction View Hint Signs with blue circles mostly give a positive instruction. These are often found in urban areas and include signs for mini-roundabouts and directional arrows. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Where would you see a contraflow bus and cycle lane?

A: On a dual carriageway B: On a roundabout C: On an urban motorway D: On a one-way street View Hint The traffic permitted to use a contraflow lane travels in the opposite direction to traffic in the other lanes on the road. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What information would be shown in a triangular road sign?

A: Road narrows B: Ahead only C: Keep left D: Minimum speed View Hint Warning signs are there to make you aware of potential hazards on the road ahead. Take note of the signs so you’re prepared and can take whatever action is necessary. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What does a red traffic light mean?

A: You should stop unless turning left B: Stop, if you're able to brake safely C: You must stop and wait behind the stop line D: Proceed with care View Hint Whatever light is showing, you should know which light is going to appear next and be able to take appropriate action. For example, when...

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At traffic lights, what does it mean when the amber light shows on its own?

A: Prepare to go B: Go if the way is clear C: Go if no pedestrians are crossing D: Stop at the stop line View Hint When the amber light is showing on its own, the red light will follow next. The amber light means stop, unless you’ve already crossed the stop line or you’re...

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You’re at a junction controlled by traffic lights. When shouldn’t you proceed at green?

A: When pedestrians are waiting to cross B: When your exit from the junction is blocked C: When you think the lights may be about to change D: When you intend to turn right View Hint As you approach the lights, look into the road you wish to take. Only proceed if your exit road...

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When traffic lights are out of order, who has priority?

A: Traffic going straight on B: Traffic turning right C: Nobody D: Traffic turning left View Hint When traffic lights are out of order, you should treat the junction as an unmarked crossroads. Be cautious, as you may need to give way or stop. Look for traffic attempting to cross the junction, unaware that it...

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When may you cross a double solid white line in the middle of the road?

A: To pass traffic that's queuing back at a junction B: To pass a car signalling to turn left ahead C: To pass a road maintenance vehicle travelling at 10 mph or less D: To pass a vehicle that's towing a trailer View Hint You may cross the solid white line to pass a stationary...

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How will a police officer in a patrol vehicle normally get you to stop?

A: Flash the headlights, indicate left and point to the left B: Wait until you stop, then approach you C: Use the siren, overtake, cut in front and stop D: Pull alongside you, use the siren and wave you to stop View Hint You must obey signals given by the police. If a police officer...

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How should the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway be used?

A: As a high-speed lane B: As an overtaking lane C: As a right-turn lane D: As an acceleration lane View Hint You should stay in the left-hand lane of a motorway unless you’re overtaking another vehicle. The right-hand lane of a motorway is an overtaking lane; it isn’t the ‘fast lane’. After overtaking, move...

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Where can you find reflective amber studs on a motorway?

A: Separating the slip road from the motorway B: On the left-hand edge of the road C: On the right-hand edge of the road D: Separating the lanes View Hint At night or in poor visibility, reflective studs on the road help you to judge your position on the carriageway. Next Theory Test Question -->

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Where on a motorway would you find green reflective studs?

A: Separating driving lanes B: Between the hard shoulder and the carriageway C: At slip-road entrances and exits D: Between the carriageway and the central reservation View Hint Knowing the colours of the reflective studs on the road will help you judge your position, especially at night, in foggy conditions or when visibility is poor....

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What’s the maximum speed on a single carriageway road?

A: 50 mph B: 60 mph C: 40 mph D: 70 mph View Hint If you’re travelling on a dual carriageway that becomes a single carriageway road, reduce your speed gradually so that you aren’t exceeding the limit as you enter. There might not be a sign to remind you of the limit, so make...

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You’re signalling to turn right in busy traffic. How would you confirm your intention safely?

A: Sound the horn B: Give an arm signal C: Flash your headlights D: Position over the centre line View Hint In some situations, you may feel your indicators can’t be seen by other road users. If you think you need to make your intention more obvious, give the arm signal shown in The Highway...

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You’re on a motorway. Red flashing lights appear above your lane only. What should you do?

A: Continue in that lane and look for further information B: Move into another lane in good time C: Pull onto the hard shoulder D: Stop and wait for an instruction to proceed View Hint Flashing red lights above your lane show that your lane is closed. You should move into another lane as soon...

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When may you sound the horn?

A: To give you right of way B: To attract a friend’s attention C: To warn others of your presence D: To make slower drivers move over View Hint Never sound the horn aggressively. You mustn’t sound it when driving in a built-up area between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am, or when you’re stationary, unless...

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Your vehicle is stationary. When may you use its horn?

A: When another road user poses a danger B: When the road is blocked by queuing traffic C: When it's used only briefly D: When signalling that you've just arrived View Hint When your vehicle is stationary, only sound the horn if you think there’s a risk of danger from another road user. Don’t use...

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Other drivers may sometimes flash their headlights at you. In which situation are they allowed to do this?

A: To warn of a radar speed trap ahead B: To show that they're giving way to you C: To warn you of their presence D: To let you know there's a fault with your vehicle View Hint If other drivers flash their headlights, this isn’t a signal to show priority. The flashing of headlights...

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What speed limit is often found in narrow residential streets?

A: 20 mph B: 25 mph C: 35 mph D: 40 mph View Hint In some built-up areas, you may find the speed limit reduced to 20 mph. Driving at a slower speed will help give you the time and space to see and deal safely with hazards such as pedestrians and other vulnerable road...

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A police car is following you. The police officer flashes the headlights and points to the left. What should you do?

A: Turn left at the next junction B: Pull up on the left C: Stop immediately D: Move over to the left View Hint You must pull up on the left as soon as it’s safe to do so and switch off your engine. Next Theory Test Question -->

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What should you do when approaching traffic lights where red and amber are showing together?

A: Pass the lights if the road is clear B: Take care because there's a fault with the lights C: Wait for the green light D: Stop because the lights are changing to red View Hint Be aware that other traffic might still be clearing the junction as you approach. A green light means you...

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At a railway level crossing, the red lights continue to flash after a train has gone by. What should you do?

A: Phone the signal operator B: Alert drivers behind you C: Wait D: Proceed with caution View Hint You must always obey red flashing stop lights. If a train passes but the lights continue to flash, another train will be passing soon. Cross only when the lights go off and the barriers open. Next Theory...

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You’re approaching a red traffic light. What will the signal show next?

A: Red and amber B: Green alone C: Amber alone D: Green and amber View Hint If you know which light is going to show next, you can plan your approach accordingly. This can help prevent excessive braking or hesitation at the junction. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You’re waiting at a T-junction. A vehicle is coming from the right, with its left indicator flashing. What should you do?

A: Move out and accelerate hard B: Wait until the vehicle starts to turn in C: Pull out before the vehicle reaches the junction D: Move out slowly View Hint Other road users may give misleading signals. When you’re waiting at a junction, don’t emerge until you’re sure of their intentions. Next Theory Test Question...

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When may you use hazard warning lights while you’re driving?

A: Instead of sounding the horn in a built-up area between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am B: On a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway, to warn of a hazard ahead C: On rural routes, after a sign warning of animals D: On the approach to toucan crossings where cyclists are waiting to cross View Hint...

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Why should you make sure that your indicators are cancelled after turning?

A: To avoid flattening the battery B: To avoid misleading other road users C: To avoid dazzling other road users D: To avoid damage to the indicator relay View Hint Leaving your indicators on could confuse other road users and may even lead to a crash. Be aware that if you haven’t taken a sharp...

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You’re driving in busy traffic. You want to pull up on the left just after a junction on the left. When should you signal?

A: As you are passing or just after the junction B: Just before you reach the junction C: Well before you reach the junction D: It would be better not to signal at all View Hint You need to signal to let other drivers know your intentions. However, if you indicate too early, they may...

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For how long is an MOT certificate normally valid?

A: Three years after the date it was issued B: 10,000 miles C: One year after the date it was issued D: 30,000 miles View Hint Some garages will remind you that your vehicle is due for its annual MOT test, but not all do. To ensure continuous cover, you may take your vehicle for...

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What is a cover note?

A: A document issued before you receive your driving licence B: A document issued before you receive your insurance certificate C: A document issued before you receive your registration document D: A document issued before you receive your MOT certificate View Hint Sometimes an insurance company will issue a temporary insurance certificate called a cover...

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You’ve just passed your practical test. You don’t hold a full licence in another category. Within two years you get six penalty points on your licence. What will you have to do?

A: Retake only your theory test B: Retake your theory and practical tests C: Retake only your practical test D: Reapply for your full licence immediately View Hint If you accumulate six or more penalty points within two years of gaining your first full licence, it will be revoked. The six or more points include...

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For how long is a Statutory Off-Road Notification (SORN) valid?

A: Until the vehicle is taxed, sold or scrapped B: Until the vehicle is insured and MOT’d C: Until the vehicle is repaired or modified D: Until the vehicle is used on the road View Hint A SORN allows you to keep a vehicle off-road and untaxed. SORN will end when the vehicle is taxed,...

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Who’s legally responsible for ensuring that a vehicle registration certificate (V5C) is updated?

A: The registered vehicle keeper B: The vehicle manufacturer C: Your insurance company D: The licensing authority View Hint It’s your legal responsibility to keep the details on your vehicle registration certificate (V5C) up to date. You should tell the licensing authority about any changes. These include your name, address or vehicle details. If you...

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In which of these circumstances must you show your insurance certificate?

A: When making a SORN B: When buying or selling a vehicle C: When a police officer asks you for it D: When having an MOT inspection View Hint You must produce a valid insurance certificate when requested by a police officer. If you can’t do this immediately, you may be asked to take it...

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Which of these is needed before you can legally use a vehicle on the road?

A: A valid driving licence B: Breakdown cover C: Proof of your identity D: A vehicle handbook View Hint Using a vehicle on the road illegally carries a heavy fine and can lead to penalty points on your driving licence. You must have • a valid driving licence • paid the appropriate vehicle tax •...

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A police officer asks to see your documents. You don’t have them with you. Within what time must you produce them at a police station?

A: 5 days B: 7 days C: 14 days D: 21 days View Hint You don’t have to carry around your vehicle’s documents wherever you go. If a police officer asks to see them and you don’t have them with you, you may be asked to produce them at a police station within 7 days....

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What must you make sure of before you drive someone else’s vehicle?

A: That the vehicle owner has third-party insurance cover B: That your own vehicle has insurance cover C: That the vehicle is insured for your use D: That the insurance documents are in the vehicle View Hint Driving a vehicle without insurance cover is illegal, so be sure that, whoever’s car you drive, you’re insured...

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Your car needs to pass an MOT test. What may be invalidated if you drive the car without a current MOT certificate?

A: The vehicle service record B: Your insurance C: The vehicle tax D: Your vehicle registration document View Hint If your vehicle requires an MOT certificate, it’s illegal to drive it without one and your insurance may be invalid if you do so. The only exceptions are that you may drive to a pre-arranged MOT...

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What must a newly qualified driver do?

A: Display green L plates B: Keep under 40 mph for 12 months C: Be accompanied on a motorway D: Have valid motor insurance View Hint It’s your responsibility to make sure you’re properly insured for the vehicle you’re driving. This is the case regardless of whether you’re a newly qualified driver or one with...

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You have third-party insurance. What does this cover?

A: Damage to your vehicle B: Fire damage to your vehicle C: Flood damage to your vehicle D: Damage to other vehicles View Hint Third-party insurance doesn’t cover damage to your own vehicle or injury to yourself. If you have a crash and your vehicle is damaged, you might have to carry out the repairs...

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Who’s responsible for paying the vehicle tax?

A: The driver of the vehicle B: The registered keeper of the vehicle C: The car dealer D: The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) View Hint The registered keeper of the vehicle is responsible for paying the vehicle tax or making a Statutory Off-Road Notification (SORN) if the vehicle is to be kept untaxed...

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What information is found on a vehicle registration document?

A: The registered keeper B: The type of insurance cover C: The service history details D: The date of the MOT View Hint Every vehicle used on the road has a registration document. This shows the vehicle’s details, including date of first registration, registration number, registered keeper, previous keeper, make of vehicle, engine size, chassis...

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When must you contact the vehicle licensing authority?

A: When you take your vehicle abroad on holiday B: When you change your vehicle C: When you use your vehicle for work D: When your vehicle's insurance is due View Hint The licensing authority needs to keep its records up to date. It sends out a reminder when a vehicle’s tax is due for...

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When must you notify the licensing authority?

A: When your health affects your driving B: When you have to work abroad C: When you lend your vehicle to someone D: When your vehicle needs an MOT certificate View Hint The licensing authorities hold the records of all vehicles, drivers and riders in Great Britain and Northern Ireland. They need to know if...

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When may the cost of your insurance come down?

A: When you're under 25 years old B: When you don't wear glasses C: When you pass the driving test first time D: When you complete the Pass Plus scheme View Hint The cost of insurance varies with your age and how long you’ve been driving. Usually, the younger you are, the more expensive it...

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Which of these is a requirement before you can supervise a learner driver?

A: You must have held a licence for at least a year B: You must be at least 21 years old C: You must be an approved driving instructor D: You must hold an advanced driving certificate View Hint Learner drivers benefit by combining professional driving lessons with private practice. However, you need to be...

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A new car will need its first MOT test when it’s how old?

A: One year B: Three years C: Five years D: Seven years View Hint The vehicle you drive must be roadworthy and in good condition. If it’s over three years old, it must pass an MOT test to remain in use on the road (unless it’s exempt from the MOT test – see GOV.UK). Next...

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The Pass Plus scheme has been created for new drivers. What’s its main purpose?

A: To allow you to drive faster B: To allow you to carry passengers C: To improve your basic skills D: To let you drive on motorways View Hint New drivers are far more vulnerable on the road and more likely to be involved in incidents. The Pass Plus scheme has been designed to improve...

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Your vehicle is insured third-party only. What does this cover?

A: Damage to your vehicle B: Damage to other vehicles C: Injury to yourself D: All damage and injury View Hint Third-party insurance cover is usually cheaper than comprehensive cover. However, it doesn’t cover any damage caused to your own vehicle or property. It only covers damage and injury you cause to others. Next Theory...

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You claim on your insurance to have your car repaired. Your policy has an excess of £100. What does this mean?

A: The insurance company will pay the first £100 of any claim B: You'll be paid £100 if you don't claim within one year C: Your vehicle is insured for a value of £100 if it's stolen D: You will have to pay the first £100 of the cost of repairs to your car View...

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You claim on your insurance to have your car repaired. Your policy has an excess of £100. What does this mean?

A: The insurance company will pay the first £100 of any claim B: You'll be paid £100 if you don't claim within one year C: Your vehicle is insured for a value of £100 if it's stolen D: You will have to pay the first £100 of the cost of repairs to your car View...

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What’s the purpose of the Pass Plus scheme?

A: To give you a discount on your MOT B: To improve your basic driving skills C: To increase your mechanical knowledge D: To allow you to drive anyone else’s vehicle View Hint After passing your practical driving test, you can take further training. One option is known as the Pass Plus scheme. It’s designed...

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What does the Pass Plus scheme enable newly qualified drivers to do?

A: Widen their driving experience B: Supervise a learner driver C: Increase their insurance premiums D: Avoid mechanical breakdowns View Hint The Pass Plus scheme was created for newly qualified drivers. It aims to widen their driving experience and improve basic skills. After passing the practical driving test, additional professional training can be taken with...

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You see a car on the hard shoulder of a motorway with a ‘help’ pennant displayed. What does this mean?

A: The driver is likely to be a disabled person B: The driver is first-aid trained C: The driver is a foreign visitor D: The driver is a rescue patrol officer View Hint If a disabled driver’s vehicle breaks down and they’re unable to walk to an emergency phone, they’re advised to stay in their...

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You’re going through a congested tunnel and have to stop. What should you do?

A: Pull up very close to the vehicle in front to save space B: Ignore any message signs, as they're never up to date C: Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front D: Make a U-turn and find another route View Hint It’s important to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in...

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On a motorway, when should the hard shoulder be used?

A: When answering a mobile phone B: When an emergency arises C: When taking a short rest D: When checking a road map View Hint The hard shoulder should only be used in a genuine emergency. If possible, and if it’s safe, use a roadside telephone to call for help. This will give your exact...

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You arrive at the scene of a crash where someone is bleeding heavily from a wound in their arm. Nothing is embedded in the wound. What could you do to help?

A: Walk them around and keep them talking B: Dab the wound C: Get them a drink D: Apply pressure over the wound View Hint If possible, lay the casualty down. Protect yourself from exposure to blood and, when you’re sure there’s nothing in the wound, apply firm pressure to it using clean material. Next...

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You’re at an incident. What could you do to help a casualty who’s unconscious?

A: Take photographs of the scene B: Check that they are breathing normally C: Move them to somewhere more comfortable D: Splash their face with cool water View Hint If a casualty is unconscious, you need to check that they’re breathing normally. Look for chest movements, look and listen for breathing, and feel for breath...

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A casualty isn’t breathing normally and needs CPR. At what rate should you press down and release on the centre of their chest?

A: 10 times per minute B: 120 times per minute C: 60 times per minute D: 240 times per minute View Hint If a casualty isn’t breathing normally, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be needed to maintain circulation. Place two hands on the centre of the chest and press down hard and fast – around 5–6...

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An injured person has been placed in the recovery position. They’re unconscious but breathing normally. What else should be done?

A: Press firmly between their shoulders B: Place their arms by their side C: Give them a hot sweet drink D: Check their airway remains open View Hint After a casualty has been placed in the recovery position, make sure their airway remains open and monitor their condition until medical help arrives. Where possible, don’t...

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A person has been injured. They may be suffering from shock. What are the warning signs to look for?

A: Flushed complexion B: Warm dry skin C: Slow pulse D: Pale grey skin View Hint The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs are rapid pulse, sweating, pale grey skin and rapid shallow breathing. Next Theory Test Question -->

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An injured motorcyclist is lying unconscious in the road. The traffic has stopped and there’s no further danger. What should you do to help?

A: Remove their safety helmet B: Seek medical assistance C: Move the person off the road D: Remove their leather jacket View Hint If someone has been injured, the sooner proper medical attention is given the better. Ask someone to phone for help or do it yourself. An injured person should only be moved if...

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What should you do if you see a large box fall from a lorry onto the motorway?

A: Go to the next emergency telephone and report the hazard B: Catch up with the lorry and try to get the driver’s attention C: Stop close to the box until the police arrive D: Pull over to the hard shoulder, then remove the box View Hint Lorry drivers can be unaware of objects falling...

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You’re going through a long tunnel. What will warn you of congestion or an incident ahead?

A: Hazard warning lines B: Other drivers flashing their lights C: Variable message signs D: Areas with hatch markings View Hint Follow the instructions given by the signs or by tunnel officials. In congested tunnels, a minor incident can soon turn into a major one, with serious or even fatal results. Next Theory Test Question...

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An adult casualty isn’t breathing. To maintain circulation, CPR should be given. What’s the correct depth to press down on their chest?

A: 1 to 2 centimetres B: 5 to 6 centimetres C: 10 to 15 centimetres D: 15 to 20 centimetres View Hint An adult casualty isn’t breathing normally. To maintain circulation, place two hands on the centre of the chest. Then press down hard and fast – around 5–6 centimetres and about twice a second.

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You’re the first to arrive at the scene of a crash. What should you do?

A: Leave as soon as another motorist arrives B: Flag down other motorists to help you C: Drag all casualties away from the vehicles D: Call the emergency services promptly View Hint At a crash scene you can help in practical ways, even if you aren’t trained in first aid. Call the emergency services and...

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You’re the first person to arrive at an incident where people are badly injured. You’ve switched on your hazard warning lights and checked all engines are stopped. What else should you do?

A: Make sure that an ambulance is called for B: Stop other cars and ask the drivers for help C: Try and get people who are injured to drink something D: Move the people who are injured clear of their vehicles View Hint If you’re the first to arrive at a crash scene, the first...

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You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. The rider is injured. When should their helmet be removed?

A: Only when it is essential B: Always straight away C: Only when the motorcyclist asks D: Always, unless they're in shock View Hint Don’t remove a motorcyclist’s helmet unless it’s essential. Remember they may be suffering from shock. Don’t give them anything to eat or drink, but do reassure them confidently. Next Theory Test...

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You arrive at an incident. There’s no danger from fire or further collisions. What’s your first priority when attending to an unconscious motorcyclist?

A: Check whether they are breathing normally B: Check whether they're bleeding C: Check whether they have any broken bones D: Check whether they have any bruising View Hint At the scene of an incident, always be aware of the danger from further collisions or fire. The first priority when dealing with an unconscious person...

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At an incident, someone is unconscious. What would your priority be?

A: Find out their name B: Wake them up C: Make them comfortable D: Check their airway is open View Hint Remember this procedure by saying DR ABC. This stands for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Give whatever first aid you can and stay with the injured person until the emergency services arrive. Next Theory...

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You’ve stopped at an incident to give help. What should you do?

A: Keep injured people warm and comfortable B: Give injured people something to eat C: Keep injured people on the move by walking them around D: Give injured people a warm drink View Hint There are a number of things you can do to help, even without expert training. Be aware of further danger from...

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There’s been a collision. A driver is suffering from shock. What should you do?

A: Give them a drink B: Reassure them C: Ask who caused the incident D: Offer them a cigarette View Hint A casualty suffering from shock may have injuries that aren’t immediately obvious. Call the emergency services, then stay with the person in shock, offering reassurance until the experts arrive. Next Theory Test Question -->

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You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. No other vehicle is involved. The rider is unconscious and lying in the middle of the road. What’s the first thing you should do at the scene?

A: Move the rider out of the road B: Warn other traffic C: Clear the road of debris D: Give the rider reassurance View Hint The motorcyclist is in an extremely vulnerable position, exposed to further danger from traffic. Approaching vehicles need advance warning in order to slow down and safely take avoiding action or...

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At an incident, a small child isn’t breathing. What should you do to try and help?

A: Find their parents and get permission to help B: Open their airway and begin CPR C: Put them in the recovery position and slap their back D: Talk to them confidently until an ambulance arrives View Hint If a young child has stopped breathing, first check that their airway is open and then begin...

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At an incident, a casualty isn’t breathing. What should you do while helping them to start breathing again?

A: Put their arms across their chest B: Shake them firmly C: Roll them onto their side D: Tilt their head back gently View Hint It’s important to ensure that the airway is open before you start CPR. To open the casualty’s airway, place your fingers under their chin and lift it forward. Next Theory...

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At an incident, someone is suffering from severe burns. What should you do to help them?

A: Apply lotions to the injury B: Burst any blisters C: Remove anything sticking to the burns D: Douse the burns with clean, cool water View Hint Your priority is to cool the burns with clean, cool water. Its coolness will help take the heat out of the burns and relieve the pain. Keep the...

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You arrive at an incident. A pedestrian is bleeding heavily from a leg wound. The leg isn’t broken and there’s nothing in the wound. How could you help?

A: Dab the wound to stop the bleeding B: Keep the casualty's legs flat on the ground C: Fetch them a warm drink D: Apply firm pressure over the wound View Hint If there’s nothing in the wound, applying firm pressure using a pad of clean cloth or bandage will help stem the bleeding. Don’t...

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At an incident, a casualty is unconscious but breathing. When should you move them?

A: When an ambulance is on its way B: When bystanders advise you to C: When there is further danger D: When bystanders will help you View Hint Don’t move a casualty unless there’s further danger; for example, from other traffic or fire. They may have unseen or internal injuries. Moving them unnecessarily could cause...

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At an incident, it’s important to look after any casualties. What should you do with them when the area is safe?

A: Move them away from the vehicles B: Ask them how it happened C: Give them something to eat D: Keep them where they are View Hint When the area is safe and there’s no danger from other traffic or fire, it’s better not to move casualties. Moving them may cause further injury. Next Theory...

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You’re involved in a collision. Afterwards, which document may the police ask you to produce?

A: Vehicle registration document B: Driving licence C: Theory test certificate D: Vehicle service record View Hint You must stop if you’ve been involved in a collision which results in injury or damage. The police may ask to see your driving licence and insurance details at the time or later at a police station. Next...

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After a collision, someone is unconscious in their vehicle. When should you call the emergency services?

A: Only as a last resort B: As soon as possible C: After you've woken them up D: After checking for broken bones View Hint It’s important to make sure that the emergency services arrive as soon as possible. When a person is unconscious, they could have serious injuries that aren’t immediately obvious. Next Theory...

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A collision has just happened. An injured person is lying in a busy road. What’s the first thing you should do to help?

A: Treat the person for shock B: Warn other traffic C: Place them in the recovery position D: Make sure the injured person is kept warm View Hint The most immediate danger is further collisions and fire. You could warn other traffic by switching on hazard warning lights, displaying an advance warning triangle or sign...

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At an incident, what should you do with a casualty who has stopped breathing?

A: Keep their head tilted forwards as far as possible B: Follow the DR ABC code C: Raise their legs to help with circulation D: Try to give them something to drink View Hint The DR ABC code has been devised by medical experts to give the best outcome until the emergency services arrive and...

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You’re at the scene of an incident. Someone is suffering from shock. How should you treat them?

A: Reassure them confidently B: Offer them a cigarette C: Give them a warm drink D: Offer them some food View Hint If someone is suffering from shock, try to keep them warm and as comfortable as you can. Don’t give them anything to eat or drink but reassure them confidently and try not to...

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